Mooré

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(Redirected from ISO 639:mos)
Mossi
Mòoré
Native toBurkina Faso, Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Togo, Niger, Senegal
EthnicityMossi
Native speakers
7.83 million (2009–2013)[1]
Niger–Congo?
Latin (Mooré alphabet), N'Ko
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2mos
ISO 639-3mos
Glottologmoss1236
Moore Language.png
Majority areas of Mooré speakers (see also on a map of Burkina Faso)
PersonMoaaga
PeopleMossi
LanguageMooré
A Mooré speaker speaking Mooré and Dioula, recorded in Taiwan. Video 1 min:23 sec, 2018.

The Mossi language (Mooré) is a Gur language of the Oti–Volta branch and one of four official regional languages of Burkina Faso. It is the language of the Mossi people, spoken by approximately 8 million people in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Benin, Niger, Mali, Togo and Senegal as a native language, but with many more L2 speakers. Mooré is spoken as a first or second language by over 50% of the Burkinabè population and is the main language in the capital city of Ouagadougou. It is one of the official regional languages in Burkina Faso and is closely related to Dagbani, with which it is mutually intelligible. Mossi is also known as Mòoré, Mooré, Moré, Moshi, Moore or More.

Phonology[edit]

The Mooré language consists of the following sounds:[2]

Consonants[edit]

Mooré consonant phonemes
Labial Alveolar Postalveolar
/ palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative voiceless f s h
voiced v z
Liquid r, l
Approximant j w

Remark:

  • The semivowel /j/ y is pronounced [ɲ] (palatal nasal) in front of nasal vowels.

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close close i u
near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Open a

Notes:

  • All vowels (other than /e/ and /o/) can also be nasalized.
  • All vowels (oral and nasal) can be short or long.
  • Other linguists include the vowels /ɛ/ and /ɔ/; here, they are analysed as diphthongs, (/ɛ/ is considered to be ea and /ɔ/ is considered to be oa).

Orthography[edit]

In Burkina Faso, the Mooré alphabet uses the letters specified in the national Burkinabé alphabet.


Burkinabé Mooré alphabet
A ʼ B D E Ɛ F G H I Ɩ K L M N O P R S T U Ʋ V W Y Z
a ʼ b d e ɛ f g h i ɩ k l m n o p r s t u ʋ v w y z
Phonetic values
a ʔ b d e ɛ f ɡ h i ɪ k l m n o p r s t u ʊ v w j z

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mòoré". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  2. ^ Cf. Kabore (1985) : (p.44) for the consonants, (p.85-86) for the vowels.

External links[edit]

Learning materials[edit]