Nengone language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from ISO 639:nen)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nengone
RegionMaré Island, New Caledonia
Native speakers
8,700 (2009 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3nen
Glottologneng1238

Nengone is a language of the Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia.

Phonology[edit]

The phonological inventory of consonants is untypically large for an Oceanic language. Many sounds which are allophones in other sub-families are distinct phonemes in the Nengone language:[2]

Consonant sounds
Labial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t ʈ k ʔ
voiced b d ɖ ɡ
Affricate voiceless t͡ʃ
voiced d͡ʒ
Fricative voiceless (f) θ s ʃ (x) h
voiced z ɣ
Nasal voiceless ŋ̊
voiced m n ɲ ŋ
Rhotic r
Approximant voiceless
voiced w ɭ j

Phonemes in parentheses only occur in words borrowed from other languages.[2]

Vowel sounds
Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
ɛ ɔ
Low a

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tryon, D.T. and Dubois, M.J. Nengone dictionary. Part I: Nengone-English. C-9, viii + 452 pages. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1969. doi:10.15144/PL-C9
  • Tryon, D.T. and Dubois, M.J. Nengone dictionary. Part II: English-Nengone. C-23, iv + 205 pages. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1971. doi:10.15144/PL-C23

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nengone at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Tryon, Darrell T. Nengone grammar. B-6, x + 101 pages. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1967. doi:10.15144/PL-B6