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Nasal language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from ISO 639:nsy)
Native toIndonesia
RegionSouthwestern Sumatra
Native speakers
3,000 (2008)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3nsy

Nasal ([naˈsal]) is an Austronesian language of southwestern Sumatra.



Anderbeck & Aprilani (2013) consider Nasal to be an isolate within the Malayo-Polynesian branch.

Smith (2017), though, includes the language in the "Sumatran" subgroup, alongside other Batak–Barrier Islands languages.[2] Billings & McDonnell (2022) presents further evidence for Nasal as a Sumatran language.[3]



Nasal is spoken in the Nasal River area of Kaur Regency, Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, in the villages of Tanjung Betuah, Gedung Menung (both in Muara Nasal district), and Tanjung Baru (in Maje district). There are many loanwords from Lampung.[4] Languages spoken near the Nasal area include the Krui dialect of Lampung and the Malayic languages Kaur, Bengkulu, Serawai and Semenda (Anderbeck & Aprilani 2013:3). The language has been given a tentative EGIDS rating of 6a (Vigorous), though this is based on early sociolinguistic surveying, and language vitality has yet to be fully assessed.[5]


  1. ^ Nasal at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Smith, Alexander D. (2017). "The Western Malayo-Polynesian Problem". Oceanic Linguistics. 56 (2): 435–490. doi:10.1353/ol.2017.0021. S2CID 149377092.
  3. ^ Billings, Blaine; McDonnell, Bradley. 2022. Subgrouping Malayo-Polynesian languages of Sumatra and the Barrier Islands. Presentation given at the 31st Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (SEALS 31), University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, May 18–20, 2022. (slides)
  4. ^ "Nasal". lingweb.eva.mpg.de. Archived from the original on 2010-12-30.
  5. ^ "Nasal". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-10-18.