Kochila Tharu

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Kochila Tharu
(polyphyletic)
Native toNepal
EthnicityTharu (incl. Bhoksa)
Native speakers
0.3 millions in Nepal (2011 census)[1]
Indo-European
Devanagari
Official status
Official language in
Tharuban of Nepal
Language codes
ISO 639-3thq
Glottologkoch1247[2]

Kochila Tharu, also called Morangiya, Septari or Saptariya Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya Tharu, and Mid-Eastern Tharu, is a diverse group of language varieties in the Tharu group of the Indo-Aryan languages. The several names of the varieties refer to the regions where they dominate.[3] It is one of the largest subgroupings of Tharu.[4] It is spoken mainly in Nepal and India, with approximately 250,000 speakers as of 2003.[5] In addition to language, cultural markers around attire and customs connect individuals into the ethnic identity Kochila.

Heavily concentrated in the eastern area of Terai,[5] speakers of Kochila Tharu live in linguistically diverse regions and are generally multilingual (with the exception of some elderly female speakers).[6] A 2013 survey by SIL International found that the language was being taught to children as their first language and used conversationally between multiple generations of speakers, characteristics of a "vigorous" language as defined by the Ethnologue Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS).[6][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kochila Tharu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kochila Tharu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b "Tharu, Madhya-Purbiya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  4. ^ Carl., Skutsch, (2013). Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. ISBN 9781135193959. OCLC 863823479.
  5. ^ a b International encyclopedia of linguistics. Frawley, William, 1953- (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2003. p. 484. ISBN 0195139771. OCLC 51478240.CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. ^ a b Eichentopf, Stephanie R.; Mitchell, Jessica R. "A Sociolinguistic Study of Kochila Tharu in Southeast Nepal" (PDF). www.sil.org. Retrieved 2018-12-12.