Tenetehara language

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Tenetehára
Guajajara
Native to Brazil
Ethnicity 19,500 Guajajara (2006), 820 Tembé (1999), 60 Turiwara (1998)[1]
Native speakers
13,000 (2006)[1]
Tupian
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
gub – Guajajara
tqb – Tembé
Glottolog temb1276[2]

Tenetehára is a Tupi–Guarani language of Brazil. Sociolinguistically, it is two languages, Guajajara (Guazazzara) and Tembe, though these are mutually intelligible. Tembe was spoken by less than a quarter of its ethnic population of 820 in 2000; Guajajara, on the other hand, is more robust, being spoken by two thirds of its 20,000 people.

Sounds[edit]

Consonants in Tenetehára
Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labial-velar Glottal
Stop p t k ʔ
Affricate ts
Fricative z h
Flap ɾ
Nasal m n ŋ ŋʷ
Approximant j w
Vowels in Tenetehára
Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid ɛ ə ɔ
Low a

Tembe[edit]

Vowels in the Tembe dialect
Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labial-velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ
voiced d
Fricative s h
Flap ɾ
Nasal m n ŋ ŋʷ
Approximant j w
Vowels in the Tembe dialect
Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid e ə o
Low a

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guajajara at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tembé at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tembe". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

External links[edit]

  • Lev, Michael; Stark, Tammy; Chang, Will (2012). "Phonological inventory of Guajajára". The South American Phonological Inventory Database (version 1.1.3 ed.). Berkeley: University of California: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages Digital Resource. 
  • Lev, Michael; Stark, Tammy; Chang, Will (2012). "Phonological inventory of Tembé". The South American Phonological Inventory Database (version 1.1.3 ed.). Berkeley: University of California: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages Digital Resource.