Lehali language

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Lehali
Loli
Pronunciation[lɔli]
Native toVanuatu
RegionUreparapara
Native speakers
200 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3tql
Glottologleha1243
ELPLehali
A speaker of Lehali, recorded in Vanuatu.[2]

Lehali (previously known as Teqel) is an Oceanic language spoken by about 200 people, on the west coast of Ureparapara Island in Vanuatu.[1] It is distinct from Löyöp, the language spoken on the east coast of the same island.

Name[edit]

The language is named after the village where it is spoken, natively referred to as Loli [lɔli]. The name Lehali does not have any etymological value, other than being a corruption of the native name.

Phonology[edit]

Lehali phonemically contrasts 16 consonants and 10 vowels.[3]

Consonants[edit]

Lehali consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Dorsal Labialized
velar
Glottal
Nasal m ⟨m⟩ n ⟨n⟩ ŋ ⟨n̄⟩ ŋʷ ⟨n̄w⟩
Stop voiceless p ⟨p⟩ t ⟨t⟩ k ⟨k⟩ ⟨q⟩
prenasalized ⁿd ⟨d⟩
Fricative β ⟨v⟩ s ⟨s⟩ ɣ ⟨g⟩ h ⟨h⟩
Approximant l ⟨l⟩ j ⟨y⟩ w ⟨w⟩

Vowels[edit]

The 10 vowel phonemes are all short monophthongs /i ɪ ɛ æ ə a ɒ̝ ɔ ʊ u/:[4][3]

Lehali vowels
Front Central Back
Close i ⟨i⟩ u ⟨u⟩
Near-close ɪ ⟨ē⟩ ə ⟨ë⟩ ʊ ⟨ō⟩
Open-mid ɛ ⟨e⟩ ɔ ⟨o⟩
Near-open æ ⟨ä⟩ ɒ̝ ⟨ö⟩
Open a ⟨a⟩

Grammar[edit]

The system of personal pronouns in Lehali contrasts clusivity, and distinguishes four numbers (singular, dual, trial, plural).[5]

Spatial reference in Lehali is based on a system of geocentric (absolute) directionals, which is in part typical of Oceanic languages, and yet innovative.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b List of Banks islands languages.
  2. ^ A rough translation can be found in the comments to the Youtube version of this video.
  3. ^ a b François (2021).
  4. ^ François 2011, p. 194.
  5. ^ François 2016.
  6. ^ François 2015, pp. 175–176.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]