Yinggarda language

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Yinggarda
Native toAustralia
RegionGascoyne coast area of Western Australia; Shark Bay coast between Gascoyne and Wooramel rivers, inland to Red Hill, West Pilbara
EthnicityYingkarta (Tedei, Mandi), ?Maia
Native speakers
2 (2005)[1]
Pama–Nyungan
  • Southwest (Kartu?)
    • Yinggarda
Dialects
  • ? Maya
Language codes
ISO 639-3yia
Glottologying1247[2]
AIATSIS[1]W19 Inggarda, W20 Maya

The Yinggarda language (also written Yingkarta and Inggarda) is an Australian Aboriginal language. It is an endangered language, but efforts at language revival are being made.

Name[edit]

"Yinggarda" has been spelt in a number of ways, some linguists (including Dench) writing it as "Yingkarta".

There is some confusion as to whether Pulinya (or Bulinya) refers to this language, the Nhanhagardi language or separate language. As of 2020, its status on the AIATSIS language database (Austlang - classification W43) is unconfirmed.[3] Ethnologue equates it with Yinggarrda.[4]

Classification[edit]

It is one of the Kartu languages of the Pama–Nyungan family. Scarcely attested Maya (Maia) may be a dialect.

Region[edit]

Yinggarda country is around Carnarvon, on the central western coast of Western Australia, and extends inland to near Gascoyne Junction and south to around the mouth of the Wooramel River.

Language revival[edit]

A dictionary of Yinggarda by Peter K. Austin was published in 1992. A sketch grammar was written by Alan Dench in 1998, who worked with some of the last speakers and carried out his research mainly in the 1970s and 1980s. The Yamaji Language Centre, now the Irra Wangga Language Centre, has been continuing to work on the Yinggarda language since 1993.[5]

As of 2020, Yinggarda is one of 20 languages prioritised as part of the Priority Languages Support Project, being undertaken by First Languages Australia and funded by the Department of Communications and the Arts. The project aims to "identify and document critically-endangered languages — those languages for which little or no documentation exists, where no recordings have previously been made, but where there are living speakers".[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b W19 Inggarda at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yinggarda". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "A93: Nhanhagardi". Austlang. AIATSIS. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  4. ^ "W43: Pulinya". Austlang. AIATSIS. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Irra Wangga Language Centre: Mid West languages: Yingkarta". Bindiyarra Aboriginal Community Aboriginal Corporation. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Priority Languages Support Project". First Languages Australia. Retrieved 13 January 2020.