IUCLID (//; International Uniform Chemical Information Database) is a software application to capture, store, maintain and exchange data on intrinsic and hazard properties of chemical substances. Distributed free of charge, the software is especially useful to chemical industry companies and to government authorities. It is the key tool for chemical industry to fulfill data submission obligations under REACH, a European Union law covering the production and use of chemical substances. The software is maintained by the European Chemicals Agency, ECHA. The latest version, version 6, was made available on 29 April 2016.
IUCLID versions 1 to 4
1993: First version of IUCLID for the European Existing Substances Regulation 793/93/EEC.
1999: IUCLID becomes the recommended tool for the OECD HPV Programme.
2000: IUCLID is the software prescribed in the EU Biocides legislation to notify existing active substances (Art. 4 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1896/2000).
IUCLID 4 was used worldwide by about 500 organizations. These included chemical industry companies, EU Member State Competent Authorities, the OECD Secretariat, the US EPA, the Japan METI, and third party service providers.
In 2003, when it became clear that the REACH proposal would be adopted by the European Union, the European Commission decided to completely overhaul IUCLID 4 and to create a new version, IUCLID 5, which would be used by chemical industry companies to fulfill their data submission obligations under REACH. Migration of data in the IUCLID 4 format was supported by IUCLID 5.1. IUCLID 5.1 became available on 13 June 2007.
IUCLID is also mentioned in article 111 of the REACH of the REACH legislation as the format to be used for data collection and submission dossier preparation.
The following IUCLID 5 major versions have been released:
- IUCLID 5.0: 12 June 2007
- IUCLID 5.1: 16 January 2009
- IUCLID 5.2: 15 February 2010
- IUCLID 5.3: 24 February 2011
- IUCLID 5.4: 5 June 2012
- IUCLID 5.5: 2 April 2013
- IUCLID 5.6: 16 April 2014
Data Format and Exchange
Data that can be stored and maintained with IUCLID encompass information about:
- The party running IUCLID (production sites, contact persons etc.)
- The chemical substances managed by the company, namely their
OECD and the European Commission have agreed on a standard XML format (OECD Harmonized Templates) in which these data are stored for easy data sharing. IUCLID 5 will be the first application fully implementing this international reporting standard, which has been accepted by many national and international regulatory authorities.
Numerous parties were involved in the creation and the review of the OECD Harmonized Templates, among them the Business and Industry Advisory Committee (BIAC) to the OECD, the European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC) and other bodies and authorities.
Possible IUCLID 5 uses
Anyone can use a local IUCLID 5 installation to collect, store, maintain and exchange relevant data on chemical substances.
In addition to dossier creation for REACH, IUCLID 5 data can be (re-)used for a large number of other purposes, due to the compatibility of IUCLID 5 data with the OECD Harmonized Templates. The European Commission IUCLID project team and international authorities are currently in deliberation in order to further promote acceptance of IUCLID5 data in non-REACH jurisdictions. Legislations and programmes under which IUCLID 5 data are certainly accepted are:
- OECD Chemical Assessment Programme
- US HPV Challenge Programme
- Japan HPV Challenge Programme(provided OECD guidance for SIDS dossiers is followed there).
The IUCLID 5 data model also features Biocides/Pesticides elements. A dataset prepared for a substance under REACH can therefore be quickly complemented with data about possible biocidal or pesticidal properties and be re-used for data reporting obligations under the EU Biocides regulation.
The data are available and can be searched through the OECD eChemPortal.
IUCLID development and deployment
IUCLID 5 is a Java-based application, using the Hibernate framework for persistence. It features a Java Swing graphical user interface (GUI) and can be deployed on both single workstation and distributed environments.
IUCLID 5 offers the possibility to be deployed in:
- either a 100% open source system environment, using Tomcat as web container and PostgreSQL as Database Management System (DBMS),
- or a commercial system environment, using the Oracle WebLogic Server from Oracle Corporation as application server and/or Oracle as Database Management System (DBMS).
IUCLID 5 exports and imports files in the I5Z format. Files may be swapped between different IUCLID 5 installations and dossiers may be uploaded to ECHA via REACH-IT. I5Z stands for "IUCLID 5 Zip", as the file uses Zip file compression.
IUCLID 5 system requirements
IUCLID can be deployed on any current PC. For optimal performance, RAM should not be less than 1 GB.
The first version of IUCLID was used from 1993 for the European Existing Substances Regulation 793/93/EEC. IUCLID has therefore been under development for over twenty years. IUCLID 5 and its underlying technologies originate from a period of development between 2003 and 2007 whilst IUCLID was being readied for its role in the implementation of REACH. So much has changed in the intervening years that it was decided to completely re-build IUCLID, as IUCLID 6.
IUCLID 6 provides a new software architecture that allows the implementation of new end-user functionalities that could not be created by simply developing IUCLID 5 further. The revisions of the software architecture also enhance a number of non-functional requirements that were identified as potential weaknesses in IUCLID 5. Enhancements have been made in the following areas:
- Ease of Use: the creation of a version of IUCLID aimed at SMEs that is easier to install
- Security: the definition of a new user access policy to documents
- Interoperability: the definition of new services and plug-in architecture
- Extensibility: new approach to data storage
- Reliability: the use of transactional operations in the database
- Portability: re-definition of the existing IUCLID 5 versions
- Scalability: increase the data capacity beyond that possible with IUCLID 5
- Performance: improvements in large-scale data instances
Even though the software has been completely re-written, as requested by our users no large changes have been made in the way that the graphical user interface works, with most functions having been retained from IUCLID 5. Thus, moving from IUCLID 5 to IUCLID 6 should involve a minimal amount of retraining of users. The branding has been refreshed, and many of the visual cues in the interface of IUCLID 5 have been retained in a recognisable form.
IUCLID 6 is made available on 24 June 2015 as a beta version so that large companies and other organisations can begin preparing their IT systems for the full release of IUCLID 6 due in 2016. However, individual users and SMEs can also download the beta version to get a preview of what is to come, and to become familiar with the user-interface. For the preparation of submissions under the EU regulations REACH, CLP and BPR, IUCLID 5 must still be used. When the full version of IUCLID 6 is released, users will be able to migrate all their data from IUCLID 5 to IUCLID 6 in one convenient step. More details are available on the IUCLID 6 website.
- European Chemicals Agency
- European Commission
- Institute for Health and Consumer Protection
- Joint Research Centre
- "IUCLID 5". Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 of 23 March 1993 on the evaluation and control of the risks of existing substances
- OECD HPV Programme
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 1896/2000 of 7 September 2000 on the first phase of the programme referred to in Article 16(2) of Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on biocidal products
- Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)
- IUCLID 5 website
- IUCLID 6 website
- European Chemicals Agency
- Institute for Health and Consumer Protection On-Line
- Joint Research Centre On-Line
- REACH Legislation Full text
- The REACH CD-ROM, a practical guide for REACH
- REACH Services Overview & Official REACH Texts
- eChemPortal, a global portal to information on Chemical Substances
- Data entry accelerator for IUCLID