I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier
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"I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier" is an American anti-war song that was influential within the pacifist movement that existed in the United States before it entered World War I. It is one of the first anti-war songs. Lyricist Alfred Bryan collaborated with composer Al Piantadosi in writing the song, which inspired a sequel, some imitations, but also a number of scornful parodies. It was a hit in 1915, selling 650,000 copies. Its expression of popular pacifist sentiment "helped make the pacifist movement a hard, quantifiable political reality to be reckoned with."
The song gives the lament of a lonely mother whose son has been lost in the war:
I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier,
I brought him up to be my pride and joy 
She comments on the irony of war being between different mothers' sons, killing each other with muskets. Conflict between nations should be resolved by arbitration, not by the sword and the gun. Victory is not enough to console a mother for the loss of her son, and the blighting of her home. War would end if all mothers said they would not raise their sons as soldiers. The song thus apparently connects the suffragist and pacificist movements.
The somber nature of the lyrics also reflected the neutrality mentality that was common in the United States in early 1915.
Impact and response
"I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier" helped solidify the anti-war movement enough to make it politically relevant on the national stage. The song was in the top 20 charts from January to July 1915 and reached number 1 in March and April. The song's success and its resulting political strength brought supporters to the pacifist movement whose main priority was other issues. Unreconstructed Southerners appealed to popular distaste for the war in Europe in order to argue that the Civil War had been no more justified, and suffragists joined the peace movement because of its political potential and leverage in the campaign for women's right to vote. As with the later 1930s hit "God's Country", it shows that American popular music "generally reflects the isolationist tendencies of the public" and that pro-war songwriters were rarely successful.
"I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier" was praised especially by Anti-Britain groups in the United States: Irish, German, and Church ministers of many denominations. The song became known in a number of countries which were already at war - in Britain and in Australia notably.
Back in its day, prominent politicians attacked the song both for its pacifism and early feminism. Theodore Roosevelt remarked that "foolish people who applaud a song entitled 'I Didn't Raise My Boy To Be A Soldier' are just the people who would also in their hearts applaud a song entitled 'I Didn't Raise my Girl To Be A Mother'".
Many parodies of the song were produced, such as "I Did Not Raise My Boy to Be a Coward," and "I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier, But I'll Send My Girl to Be a Nurse." Parody poems and other responses were also produced such as "They Didn't Raise Their Son to Be a Soldier", "I Didn't Raise My Dog to Be a Sausage", and "I Didn't Raise My Ford to Be a Jitney." According to Groucho Marx, a popular joke of the period concerned a poker game in which a cardplaying mother states, "I didn't raise my boy, he had the joker".
Lyrics per original sheet music
- Ten million soldiers to the war have gone,
- Who may never return again.
- Ten million mother's hearts must break
- For the ones who died in vain.
- Head bowed down in sorrow
- In her lonely years,
- I heard a mother murmur thru' her tears:
- I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier,
- I brought him up to be my pride and joy.
- Who dares to place a musket on his shoulder,
- To shoot some other mother's darling boy?
- Let nations arbitrate their future troubles,
- It's time to lay the sword and gun away.
- There'd be no war today,
- If mothers all would say,
- "I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier."
- What victory can cheer a mother's heart,
- When she looks at her blighted home?
- What victory can bring her back
- All she cared to call her own?
- Let each mother answer
- In the years to be,
- Remember that my boy belongs to me!
Repeat Chorus 2x
- Mark W. Van Wienen (1997). Partisans and poets: the political work of American poetry in the Great War. Cambridge University Press. pp. 57–60. ISBN 978-0-521-56396-3. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Zeiger, Susan (Spring 1996). "She Didn't Raise Her Boy To Be A Slacker: Motherhood, Conscription, and the Culture of the First World War". Feminist Studies. Feminist Studies, Inc. 22 (1): 7–39. JSTOR 3178245.
- Pelger, Martin, "Soldiers' Songs and Slang of the Great War", Osprey Publishing, New York, 2014, p. 265
- "Victor Discography: Matrix B-15553. I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier / Morton Harvey". victor.library.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
- Mark W. van Wienen (1997). Partisans and Poets: The Political Work of American Poetry in the Great War. Cambridge UP. p. 57.
- Alfred Bryan. ""I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier" (sheet music)". Leo Feist, Inc. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Parker, Bernard S. (2007). World War I Sheet Music Volume I. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 0-7864-2798-1.
- Paas, John Roger. 2014. America sings of war: American sheet music from World War I. ISBN 9783447102780. OCLC 892462420 P.18
- Steyn, Mark (1984-06-20). "Songs of innocence and bitter experience". The Times. p. 10.
- Buchanan, Russell (July 1938). "Theodore Roosevelt and American Neutrality, 1914–1917". The American Historical Review. American Historical Association. 43 (4): 775–790. doi:10.2307/1842528. JSTOR 1842528.
- Bryan, Alfred, Al Piantadosi, and Will J. Ward. I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier. New York: Leo Feist, 2005. OCLC 123479405
- Recorded Anthology of American Music, Inc. Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition: Songs of World Wars I & II. Recorded Anthology of American Music, 1977. OCLC 221633326
- The Big Book of Nostalgia: Piano, Vocals, Guitar. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard Corp, 1995. ISBN 0-7935-3927-7 OCLC 154261620
- Paas, John Roger. 2014. America sings of war: American sheet music from World War I. ISBN 9783447102780. OCLC 892462420