I Don't Know How to Love Him

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"I Don't Know How to Love Him"
Yvonne Elliman - I Don't Know How to Love Him.jpg
Single by Yvonne Elliman
from the album Jesus Christ Superstar
Released 13 May 1970
Format 7"
Recorded June 1970 in Olympic Studios, London
Genre Rock opera
Length 3:36
Label Decca, MCA
Writer(s) Andrew Lloyd Webber, Tim Rice
Producer(s) Andrew Lloyd Webber, Tim Rice
Yvonne Elliman singles chronology
"I Don't Know How to Love Him"
(1970)
"Everything's Alright"
(1970)
Jesus Christ Superstar track listing
"Everything's Alright (reprise)"
(10)
"I Don't Know How to Love Him"
(11)
"Damned for All Time"/"Blood Money"
(12)
Music sample

"I Don't Know How to Love Him" is a song from the 1970 rock opera Jesus Christ Superstar written by Andrew Lloyd Webber (music) and Tim Rice (lyrics), a torch ballad sung by the character of Mary Magdalene. In the opera she is presented as bearing an unrequited love for the title character. The song has been much recorded, with "I Don't Know How to Love Him" being one of the rare songs to have had two concurrent recordings reach the Top 40 of the Hot 100 chart in Billboard magazine, specifically those by Helen Reddy and Yvonne Elliman,[1] since the 1950s when multi-version chartings were common.

Composition/ Original recording (Yvonne Elliman)[edit]

"I Don't Know How to Love Him" had originally been published with different lyrics in the autumn of 1967, the original title being "Kansas Morning". The melody's main theme has come under some scrutiny for being non-original, being compared to a theme from Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E Minor. In December 1969 and January 1970, when Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice completed Jesus Christ Superstar, Rice wrote new lyrics to the tune of "Kansas Morning" to provide the solo number for the character of Mary Magdalene (Rice and Webber's agent David Land would purchase the rights to "Kansas Morning" back from Southern Music for £50). [2] Now entitled "I Don't Know How to Love Him", the song was recorded by Yvonne Elliman and completed between March and July 1970. When first presented with "I Don't Know How to Love Him", Elliman had been puzzled by the romantic nature of the lyrics, as she had been under the impression that the Mary she'd been recruited to portray was Jesus's mother.[3]

Recorded in one take at Olympic Studios in June 1970, "I Don't Know How to Love Him" has been universally acclaimed as the high point of the Jesus Christ Superstar soundtrack since the album's September 1970 release; in 2003 The Rough Guide to Cult Pop would assess Elliman's performance: "It's rare to hear a singer combine such power and purity of tone in one song, and none of the famous singers who have covered this ballad since have come close."[4]

The choice for the first single release went, however, to the track "Superstar" by Murray Head. When a cover of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by Helen Reddy began moving up the charts in the spring of 1971 the original track by Yvonne Elliman was issued as a single to reach No. 28, although Reddy's version was more successful at No. 13. In early 1972, Elliman's "I Don't Know How to Love Him" was issued in the UK on a double A-side single with Murray Head's "Superstar"; with this release Elliman faced competition with a cover of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by Petula Clark, but neither version became a major hit, Elliman's reaching No. 47 and Clark's No. 42. Tim Rice produced several additional tracks for Elliman to complete her debut album.[citation needed]

Elliman performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" when she played the Mary Magdalene role first in the Broadway production of Jesus Christ Superstar, which opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre 12 October 1971, and then in the movie version, her respective renderings being featured on both the Broadway cast album and the soundtrack album for the film. Her version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" from the movie soundtrack gave Elliman a hit in Italy (#21) in 1974. Elliman has also performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" when revisiting her Mary Magdalene role, first at a Jesus Christ Superstar concert by the University of Texas at El Paso Dinner Theatre staged 14 April 2003, and then for a live-in-concert one-night only performance of Jesus Christ Superstar on 13 August 2006 at the Ricardo Montalban Theater in Los Angeles.[5]

Subsequent show tune renditions in English[edit]

Melanie C version[edit]

"I Don't Know How To Love Him"
Melanie C - I Don't Know How to Love Him.png
Promotional single by Melanie C from the album Stages
Released 22 July 2012 (2012-07-22)
Format
Recorded Spring 2012
Genre Pop
Length 5:23 (Album Version)
3:23 (Radio Edit)
Label Red Girl
Writer(s)
Producer(s) Peter-John Vettese
Stages track listing
"Aren't You Kinda Glad We Did"
(4)
"I Don't Know How To Love Him"
(5)
"Both Sides Now"
(6)

Onstage[edit]

Melanie C would perform "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the role of Mary Magdalene during the Jesus Christ Superstar Live Arena Tour which had its initial UK run in September - October 2012 also playing the O2 Dublin 12 October 2012, followed first by an Australian tour in May - June 2013 and then an encore UK run in October 2012. Melanie C had debuted her performance of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" on 25 July 2012 when she sang the song to Andrew Lloyd Webber's piano accompaniment on the final of the reality-TV talent show Superstar broadcast by ITV. The Adelaide Now review of the ...Live Arena Tour's 4 June 2012 performance at the Adelaide Entertainment Centre stated: "Melanie C absolutely blitzes her big number 'I Don't Know How To Love Him' bringing a more raw rock edge to the bridge before hitting the final big notes right out of the arena." [6]

Recording[edit]

Melanie C would make a studio recording of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for her 9 September 2012 album Stages, a show tune album produced by the singer's longtime collaborator Peter-John Vettese [7] from which "I Don't Know How to Love Him" had been issued in digital download format [8] as a preview [9] [10] to rank after its first week of release at #20 on the UK Independent Singles Chart.

Track listings[edit]
  • Digital download [11]
  1. "Don't Know How To Love Him" – 5:18
Charts[edit]
Chart (2012) Peak
position
UK Indie Chart [12] 20
Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits for the album version of "I Don't Know How To Love Him". [13]

Release history[edit]
Country Date Format
United Kingdom 22 July 2012 [14]

Other renditions as a show tune in English[edit]

Other singers who have performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the role of Mary Magdalene onstage in productions of Jesus Christ Superstar – referred to a JCS – and/or as a show tune include:

1970s/ 1980s  • onstage in JCS: Linda Nichols in the first US national tour which played the Hollywood Bowl in August 1971: Nichols reprised the role in a four-city tour (Atlanta/ Dallas/ Sacramento/ St. Louis) in 1985  • Michele Fawdon who originated the role in Australia in 1972  • Marta Heflin in the Broadway production at the Mark Hellinger Theater from 17 April 1972  • Heather MacRae in the second US national tour which played the Universal Studios Amphitheatre in July 1972  • Dana Gillespie in the original London production at the Palace Theatre which opened 9 August 1972, and on the subsequent UK tour  • Emma Angeline Butler in the Gaiety Theatre Dublin production which opened March 1973  • Marcia Hines, who in the summer of 1973 took over from Fawdon as Mary Magdalene in Australia, reprising the role in 1975 and 1978  • Judy Kaye at the Oakdale Theater Wallingford CT in 1972, at the Music Circus Sacramento in June 1975 and at the Paper Mill Playhouse in 1977  • Barbara Niles in the first Broadway revival which opened at the Longacre Theater 23 November 1977  • Siobhan McCarthy at the Palace Theater (West End) from 1979  • Beth Leavel in the UNCG Summer Theater Repertory production in June 1979  • Nicolette Larson at the Starlight Theater Kansas City MO in August 1984  • Kim Criswell at the Paper Mill Playhouse in 1988.

 • The renditions of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by Michele Fawdon and Dana Gillespie were respectively featured on the Australian and London cast albums of JCS both released in 1972. Marcia Hines' version appears on her 1978 Live Across Australia album.

1990s  • onstage in JCS: LaChanze at the Walnut Street Theater Philadelphia over the Christmas season of 1991  • Kate Ceberano in the 1992 Australian national tour; Janika Sillamaa in 1992 at the Linnahall Tallinn  • Irene Cara in the first months of Landmark Entertainment Group US national tour 1992-93  • Margaret Urlich in a New Zealand concert production in 1993  • Emily Saliers in the Jesus Christ Superstar: a Resurrection production which played Atlanta, Austin and Seattle in 1994  • Syreeta Wright in the Landmark Entertainment Group US national tour as of October 1993  • Joanna Ampil in the London revival at the Lyceum Theatre which opened 19 November 1996  • Golda Rosheuval in a seven-city UK tour 1998-99.

 • The renditions of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by Kate Ceberano (1992), Margaret Urlich (1993), Emily Saliers (1994), and Joanna Ampil (1996) all appear on the cast albums of their respective productions with the cast album tracks by Kate Ceberano and Margaret Urlich released as singles in respectively Australia and New Zealand charting at respectively No. 38 and No. 44. In 1992 Claire Moore sang "I Don't Know How to Love Him" on a 20th Anniversary re-recording of the JCS soundtrack.[5]

 • Frances Ruffelle sang "I Don't Know How to Love Him" when she performed as Mary Magdalene in a studio cast album of JCS broadcast on BBC Radio 2 on 19 October 1996. Also in 1996 Issy Van Randwyck performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" on a recording of JCS produced for Jay Records. Janika Sillamaa recorded "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for her 1993 album Lootus; the rendition recorded by Kim Criswell for her 1999 album Back to Before is included on the 2002 compilation album The Essential Songs of Andrew Lloyd-Webber.

 • In 1999 JCS was filmed by Andrew Lloyd Webber's RUG company with Renee Castle singing "I Don't Know How to Love Him" as Mary Magdalene; released in the UK 16 October 2000 and internationally over the next six months, the RUG production of JCS had its cast album given a parallel release with the video and DVD editions of the film in March 2001, with the film being broadcast by PBS as a Great Performances segment over Eastertide of 2001.

2000s  • onstage in JCS: Maya Days in the 2000 Broadway revival which opened at the Ford Center for the Performing Arts that 16 April  • Amii Stewart at the Teatro Olimpico Rome over the Easter season of 2000 in the concluding engagement of a seven-city Italian tour  • Olivia Cinquemani (it) in the final performance of the Eastertide 2000 engagement at the Teatro Olimpico and subsequently at the Teatro Nazionale Milan in that autumn; Bituin Escalante in the GSIS Theater Manila production which opened 23 March 2000  • Sonja Richter in the Østre Gasværk Østerbro production which opened 23 February 2002  • Arlene Wilkes (no) in the Agder Teater Kristiansand production which opened 13 July 2002  • Natalie Toro in the 2004 US national tour;[5]  • Liisi Koikson (et) at the Vanemuine Tartu in June 2004  • Kerry Ellis in a concert production at Portchester Castle in Fareham 11 July 2004  • Candida Mosoma in the South African production which opened 12 April 2006 at Theater on the Bay Cape Town, with Mosoma reprising her role when the production played the Badminton Theater Athens over Eastertide 2007.

 • On 2 September 2006 episode of How Do You Solve a Problem like Maria? potential eliminees Helena Blackman and Leanne Dobinson sang a joint version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for Andrew Lloyd Webber, who elected to "save" Blackman.

2010 -  • onstage in JCS: Naomi Price in the Harvest Rain Theatre Company production of August 2010 and in its August 2011 reprise  • Nádine in the South African production which opened 12 May 2011 at the Artscape Opera House Cape Town  • Jennifer Paz in the Village Theatre Seattle revival which opened 11 May 2011  • Chilina Kennedy in the Stratford Festival revival which opened 16 May 2011 and - after an interim La Jolla Playhouse run - opened at the Neil Simon Theatre on Broadway 22 March 2012  • Ivana Vaňková (cs) in the Brno City Theatre production at the Mediterranean Conference Centre Valletta in April 2014  • Mari Haugen Smistad (no) in the Lørenskog Hus Akershus production which opened 10 October 2014  • Patricia Meeden (de) in the Theater Bonn Operhaus production which opened 13 October 2014 - at some performances the song was sung by Mary Magdalene alternate Dionne Wudu  • Julia Deans in the Auckland Theatre Company production which opened 1 November 2014 at the Rangatira auditorium in the Q Theater  • Rachel Adedeji in the tour of the British Isles from 21 January 2015  • Nadine Beiler in a concert staging at the Raimund Theater Mariahilf from 27 March 2015.

 • Maria Ylipää (fi) can be heard singing "I Don't Know How to Love Him" on the recording made of the concert production of JCS which had a three-night run 25–27 August 2011 at Sibelius Hall in Lahti, Finland, Ylipää playing the role of Mary Magdalene in that production made under the auspices of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra. Saara Aalto sang "I Don't Know How to Love Him" when she assumed the role of Mary Magdalene in a reprise of the Lahti Symphony Orchestra's concert production of JCS which had a three-night run 22–24 August 2012.

 • Renée van Wegberg (nl) sang "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the role of Mary Magdalene in a concert version of JCS presented 25 March 2013 at the Beatrix Theater in Utrecht, and again in a concert production at the DeLaMar (Amsterdam) 17 March 2015: on 16 March 2015 the DeLaMar had presented a concert version of JCS featuring Willemijn Verkaik singing "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the role of Mary Magdalene.

Other singers with theatrical associations who have recorded "I Don't Know How to Love Him" include (with parent album) Elaine Paige (Stages – 1983; also Elaine Paige Live – 2009), Barbara Dickson (Ovation: Best of Andrew Lloyd Webber – 1985), Stephanie Lawrence (The Love Songs of Andrew Lloyd Webber – 1988), Titti Sjöblom (Special -1989), Marti Webb (The Magic From the Musicals – 1991), Fiona Hendley (The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection – 1991), Sarah Brightman (Sarah Brightman Sings the Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber – 1992), Julia McKenzie (The Musicals Album – 1992),[15] Lea Salonga (The Broadway Concert – 1992), Twiggy (London Pride: songs from the London stage - 1996), and Ruthie Henshall (non-album cut - 2011). Also Helena Vondráčková, who had recorded the Czech rendering "Já, Máří Magdaléna" for her 1993 showtune album Brodway, recorded "I Don't know How to Love Him", for that album's 1994 English-language edition: The Broadway Album. Sandy Lam performed the song in the Andrew Lloyd Webber: Masterpiece: Live From the Great Hall of the People, Beijing televised concert in 2001; her rendering is featured on the soundtrack album. Gemma Arterton performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" 8 July 2014 at the Tim Rice: a life in song gala at the Royal Festival Hall which was filmed for broadcast by BBC Two on Christmas Day 2014. Sonia, who performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the 1997 UK tour of the What a Feeling nostalgiac revue, recorded her version for the show's soundtrack album. Also Bonnie Tyler was recruited to record "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for the 2007 album Over the Rainbow – Show Tunes in Aid of the Association of Children's Hospices.

Show tune renditions/ non-English languages[edit]

All cited onstage performances and cast album recordings are by singer/ actresses performing the respective renderings of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in the role of Mary Magdalene in productions of Jesus Christ Superstar (referred to as JCS).

Czech "Co na tom je tak zlého?" (lyricist Michael Prostějovský) was introduced by Bára Basiková in the Spiral Theatre (Prague Exhibition Ground) production which opened 22 July 1994: the production's four-year run featured several alternate Mary Magdalenes including Leona Machálková. Basikova reprised the role in the Musical Theatre Karlín revival which opened 11 November 2010 and in which Dasha (cs) was alternate Mary Magdalene. Besides being recorded by Basikova for the 1994 cast album of the Spiral Theatre production, "Co na tom je tak zlého?" has been recorded by Monika Absolonová for her 2010 showtune album Muzikálové, while the alternate Czech rendering: "Já, Máří Magdaléna", was recorded by Helena Vondráčková for her 1993 showtune album Brodway.

Danish "Jeg vil så gerne nå ham" (lyricist Johannes Møllehave) was introduced in the 1972 production which opened at the Falkoner Center (Frederiksberg) in which Mary Magdalene was performed alternately by Kirsten Johansen or Ann Liza, with Ann Liza recording the song for the cast album release of 1972. An alternate Danish rendering: "Jeg ønsker - jeg ku' glemme" (lyricist Bente Frithioff Nørgaard), was recorded by Kirsten Siggaard (da) for her 1987 showtune album Musicals.

Dutch "Hoe Moet ik van Hem Houden?" (lyricist Daniël Cohen) was introduced by Casey Francisco (nl) in the touring production which opened 3 November 2005 at the Stadsschouwburg Utrecht: during the show's Penny Vos alternated with Francisco as Mary Magdalene: it was Francisco who recorded "Hoe Moet ik van Hem Houden?" for the cast album released in 2006. The song was nominated for a 2006 Flemish Musical Prize (nl), its parent production having played at the Stadsschouwburg Antwerpen, but the award was conferred on "De winnaar heeft de macht" from the Dutch edition of "Mamma Mia!". Maike Boerdom ( nl) recorded "Hoe Moet ik van Hem Houden?" for her 2010 showtune album Dichtbij Broadway.

French "La Chanson de Marie-Madeleine" (lyricist Pierre Delanoë) was introduced by Anne-Marie David in the Paris production of JCS which opened at the Théâtre de Chaillo in April 1972. Her rendering of "La Chanson de Marie-Madeleine" taken from the cast recording reached No. 29 on the French charts. "La Chanson de Marie-Madeleine" was also recorded by Nicoletta for an unofficial JCS soundtrack album released on Barclay Records to coincide with the April 1972 opening of the Paris production.

German "Wie soll ich ihn nur lieben?" (lyricist Anja Hauptmann de) premiered with the production 18 February 1972 at Halle Münsterland, with Paula Roy recording the song for the 1973 cast album of the German tour. An earlier German rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him": "Einmal werde ich ihn sehen", had been recorded by musical actress Olivia Molina being as single release from her 1971 self-titled album: Molina would play Mary Magdalene in the Theater Oberhausen 1985 production of JCS. Anna Montanaro, who played Mary Magdalene at Bad Hersfelder Festspiele over the summers of 2002-04, recorded "Wie soll ich ihn nur lieben?" for that production's 2003 soundtrack album. "Wie soll ich ihn nur lieben?" has also been performed onstage by Ann Christin Elverum (de) in the Theater des Westens 2004 concert staging; by Petra Madita Pape (de) at DomStufen-Festspiele in 2005; by Eva Rodekirchen (de) at Stadttheater Ingolstadt in 2007; Caroline Vasicek in the 2011 Easter Concert staging at the Ronacher (de) Theater; and Femke Soetenga (de) at Thunerseespiele in 2010.

Hungarian "Nem Tudom, Hogyan Szeressem" (lyricist Miklós Tibor hu): introduced onstage by Magdi Bódy (hu) in an oratorio production at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics on 18 January 1972, the song was performed from May 1986 in the cathedral square in Szeged production by Kriszta Kováts (hu) alternating with Anikó Nagy. "Nem tudom, hogy szeressen" has since been sung onstage by Nelly Fésűs (hu) in the Miscolk National Theatre production which opened 9 November 2001, and by Lilla Polyák (hu) in the Szigligeti Theatre (Szolnok) production which opened 15 April 2011. Operatic soprano Sylvia Sass recorded "Nem Tudom, Hogyan Szeressem" for her 1985 album Nézz Körül.

Italian "Non so chiamarlo amore" was introduced in the Compagnia della Rancia Tolentino production November 2006: Valentina Gullace, who performed onstage at Compagnia della Rancia, may be heard singing "Non so chiamarlo amore" on the cast album released in 2007.

Japanese "Watashi Wa Iesu Ga Wakaranai" was introduced by Hideko Kuno (ja) onstage in the premiere Shiki Theatre production of JCS in 1973: Kuno's recording of the song is featured on the cast album released in 1976. The Shiki Theatre has since staged revivals of JCS many times: Ryoko Nomura (ja) has performed "Watashi Wa Iesu Ga Wakaranai" onstage in the Shiki revivals of 1987, 1991 and 1994.

Norwegian "Eg veit ikkje" (lyricist Bjørn Endreson) was introduced onstage by Aina Oldeide in the premiere det Norske Teatret production of JCS which opened 29 March 1990. The Norsek Teatre revival of JCS which opened 3 September 2009 featured a new rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by lyricist Ola E. Bø: entitled "Eg vil gi han min kjærleik", the song was introduced onstage by Charlotte Frogner.

Polish "Jak mam go pokochać" (lyricist Wojciech Młynarski) was introduced by Małgorzata Ostrowska in the Teatr Muzyczny (Gdynia) production which premiered 17 April 1987 at the : during this production Irena Pająkówna alternated with Ostrowska. In the revival of JCS which ran at Teatr Muzyczny (Gdynia) from 11 November 2000 the role of mary Magdalene was performed onstage alternately by Izabela Bujniewicz (po) or Dorota Kowalewska.

Portuguese "Eu não sei como amá-lo" (lyricist Vinicius de Moraes) was introduced by Maria Célia Camargo (pt) in the Teatro Aquarius (São Paulo) production which opened in March 1972, with Camargo's rendition heard on the cast album released the same year. The song has since been performed onstage by Negra Li in the revival of JCS which opened at the Teatro do Complexo Ohtake Cultural (Pinheiros) on 14 March 14, 2014. The 2007 Portuguese revision of JCS introduced a rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" entitled "Eu Não Sei Como O Amar": during the show's run, which after a premiere engagement at Rivoli Theater (Porto) from 14 June 2007 transferred to Teatro Politeama (Lisbon) on 27 November 2007, the role of Mary Madgalene was performed alternately by Laura Rodrigues or Sara Lima, then from May 2008 the role alternated between Laura Rodrigues and Anabela.

Russian "Kak ego lyubit’" (lyricist Iaroslav Kesler) was introduced in the Mossovet Theatre production which premiered in 1990 and has been constantly revived, marking its 1000 performance in December 2015. Among the singer/ actresses who have performed onstage as Mary Magdalene for Mossovet are Yekaterina Guseva, Irina Klimova (ru) (2008), Lada Maris (ru) (1999, 2005, 2006, 2007), and Anastasija Makiejewa (ru) (2012). An alternate Russian rendering: "Kak dolžen byt' ljubim on" (lyricist Vyacheslav Ptitsyn), was recorded by Tatiana Antsiferova (ru) for the 1992 studio cast album of JCS, while the St. Petersburg Rock Opera Theatre (ru) production, which premiered February 1990 introduced a rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" entitled "Arija Marii Magdaliny" (lyricist Grigorii Kruzhkov ru and/ or Marina Boroditskaya): the singer/ actresses who performed onstage as Mary Magdalene in the Rock Opera production included Natalia Uleskaya who recorded "Arija Marii Magdaliny" for the cast album release of 1994.

Slovak "Nie, neviem ako ľúbiť": The premiere Slovak-language production of JCS opened 10 April 2015 for a projected year-long run at the Heineken Tower Stage (sk) (Ružinov) with Katarína Hasprová performing onstage in the premiere: during the show's run Hasprová is alternating onstage in the role of Mary Magdalene with Nela Pocisková.

Spanish In 1975 two distinct Spanish-language renderings of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" were introduced onstage: firstly Julissa introduced "Yo No Sé Como Amarlo" (lyricist Marcos Lizama) in the Teatro Ferrocarrilero Gudelio Morales (Cuauhtémoc) of JCS, while Angela Carrasco introduced "Es más que amor" (lyricist Jaime Azpilicueta) in the Nuevo Teatro Alcalá (Madrid) production which opened 6 November 1975, with both Julissa and Carrasco heard with their respective renderings on their respective cast album releases: Julissa in 1974, Carrasco in 1977. Cast albums from subsequent Madrid productions featured Estíbaliz singing "Es más que amor" (1984) and Lorena Calero singing a new Spanish-language rendering "No sé cómo quererle" (2007), while Laura Flores is featured singing "Yo No Sé Como Amarlo" on the cast album from the 1984 Televiteatros revival. Rocío Banquells, who sang "Yo No Sé Como Amarlo" onstage in the Teatro Lírico de México 1983 revival of JCS, recorded the song for her 1999 album Ellas Cantan Así. Paloma San Basilio recorded "Es más que amor" for her 2002 showtune album Eternamente: Grandes éxitos de grandes musicales .

Swedish "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" (lyricist Britt G. Hallqvist) was sung onstage by Agnetha Fältskog when she originated the role of Mary Magdalene in the Swedish production of JCS which premiered 18 February 1972 at the Scandinavium in Gothenburg for a two-week run followed by a national tour: Fältskog had previously played the role in a mounting of JCS – evidently in English – which premiered in Copenhagen on 26 December 1971. During the play's Scandinavium tenure, Fältskog alternated the Mary Magdalene role with Titti Sjöblom: Fältskog played the role in the evening performances with Sjöblom onstage for the matinées. Besides recording "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" for the cast album of the Scandinavium production of JCS, recorded in 1971, Fältskog made a recording of the song for release as a single: the session for the single version of "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" was recorded at a session at Metronome Studios in Stockholm produced by Björn Ulvaeus on 4 February 1972 while Fältskog was in rehearsals for her stage role. Both the Swedish cast album and Fältskog's single version of "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" were released March 1972 with the single reaching No. 2 on the Swedish hit parade. Titti Sjöblom would fully assume the Mary Magdalene role onstage for the Swedish touring company of JCS. "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" has also been recorded by Anna-Lotta Larsson (sv) for her 2004 album of show tunes entitled Tidlöst.

 • Swedish continued "Hur visar jag min kärlek?" (lyricist Ola Salo) was introduced onstage by Åsa Fång (sv) in the Malmö Opera's revival of JCS which ran 31 October 2008 – 8 March 2009: Fang was featured singing the song on that production's cast recording. This production was revived at the Göta Lejon Theatre in Stockholm with an 8 April – Easter Sunday – 2012 premiere with Anna-Maria Hallgarn onstage as Mary Magdalene for the first six months of the tour, with Gunilla Backman appearing onstage in the role as of 13 September 2012 – by Gunilla Backman, with Anna Sahlene announced to assume the role onstage from 27 December 2012. Gunilla Backman had recorded "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for her 2010 album showtune album entitled Gunilla Backman sings Webber.

Non-theatrical versions[edit]

Helen Reddy version[edit]

"I Don't Know How to Love Him"
Hellen Reddy - I Don't Know How to Love Him.jpg
Single by Helen Reddy
from the album I Don't Know How to Love Him
B-side "I Believe in Music"
Released January 1971
Format 7"
Recorded 1970
Genre Traditional pop
Length 3:15
Label Capitol
Writer(s) Andrew Lloyd Webber, Tim Rice
Producer(s) Larry Marks
Helen Reddy singles chronology
"One Way Ticket"
(1968)
I Don't Know How to Love Him
(1971)
"Crazy Love"
(1971)

Upon the release of the original Jesus Christ Superstar album Capitol Records executive Artie Mogull heard the potential for a smash hit in the track "I Don't Know How to Love Him" and had pitched the song to Linda Ronstadt, then on the Capitol roster; after Ronstadt advised Mogull: "she hated the song, [saying] it was terrible" Mogull invited the then-unknown Helen Reddy to record "I Don't Know How to Love Him" as part of a one-off single deal with Capitol. Reddy herself did not care for "I Don't Know How to Love Him" agreeing to cut the song to serve as B-side for the track she wished to record: the Mac Davis composition; "I Believe in Music" (later a hit for Gallery).[16]

Background and recording[edit]

In her autobiography The Woman I Am, Helen Reddy states that Mogull invited her to record a single after seeing her perform on a Tonight Show episode (the guest host Flip Wilson had invited Reddy to appear; Wilson knew Reddy from the club circuit). Mogull himself attributed his interest in Reddy to the solicitations on her behalf by her then-husband and manager Jeff Wald who called Mogull three times a day for five months asking him to let Reddy cut a song. Larry Marks produced Reddy's recording of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" and "I Believe in Music" at A&M's recording studios. According to Reddy, her extreme anxiety – "I had waited years for this shot and I didn't think there would be another one" – manifested in her vocals making "I Believe in Music" ineffectual but "I Don't Know How to Love Him" convincingly plaintive, clinching the decision to make the latter the A-side of the single, released in January 1971. In a 1974 Billboard tribute to Helen Reddy, writer Cynthia Spector states "I Don't Know How to Love Him" became a hit due to the efforts of Jeff Wald "who stayed on the phone morning to night, cajoling, bullying, wheedling airplay from disk jockeys. Using $4,000 of his own money, his own telephone credit card and his American Express card to wine and dine anyone who would listen to his wife, he made the record happen."[16]

Release[edit]

Reddy attributes the eventual success of her recording of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" to the positive listener response the track received at the first station where it was played: WDRC (AM) in Hartford Conn – where in fact a number of the "local requests" for "I Don't Know How to Love Him" originated in Los Angeles being made by Reddy's visiting nephew: a teenage Australian actor with a penchant for different voices, and also a number of Reddy's friends, with Reddy admitting: "I may have made a call or two myself". [17] In April 1971 WDRC program director Charles R. Parker would relate how Reddy and Wald had visited WDRC to thank the station for its initial support of Reddy's "I Don't Know How to Love Him", with Reddy and Wald expressing how they "were more than delighted and surprised to see [the track] break on Top 40 at WDRC."[18]

Chart impact[edit]

Reddy's recording of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" entered the national charts in March 1971 – showing in the Top Ten in Dallas and Denver that month [19] – but its momentum was so gradual as to not effect Top 40 entry until that May; by then MCA Records had issued the original Yvonne Elliman track as a single and from 15 May 1971 to 26 June 1971 both versions were in the Top 40 with Reddy's version maintaining the upper hand peaking at No. 13 while Elliman's version peaked at No. 28. "I Don't Know How to Love Him" became Reddy's first hit single in her native Australia peaking at No. 2 on the Go-Set Top 40 chart for two weeks in August 1971 with an eventual ranking as the No. 8 hit for the year 1971; the track also afforded Reddy a hit in Europe with a March 1972 peak of No. 14 in Sweden – the Swedish production of Jesus Christ Superstar had begun a record-setting run in February 1972 – and an April 1972 peak of No. 23 in the Netherlands.

The success of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" led to Reddy's being signed to a long term contract by Capitol who released her I Don't Know How to Love Him album in August 1971. The track issued as a follow-up single: a version of Van Morrison's "Crazy Love" stalled short of the Top 40 at No. 51, while the album charted with a moderate No. 100 peak; Reddy's subsequent success, however, garnered her debut album sufficient interest for it be certified as a Gold record in 1974. Also of note, the I Don't Know How to Love Him album included an initial arrangement of Reddy's signature song, "I Am Woman" which via a 1972 re-recording with a new arrangement would prove to be the vehicle to consolidate Reddy's stardom, reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 dated 9 December 1972.

Other non-theatrical versions[edit]

The earliest single version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" was that cut by Karen Wyman an artist on the roster of MCA/Decca Records the label of release for the original Jesus Christ Superstar album: Wyman's single, produced by Ken Greengrass and Peter Matz, was released in November 1970 in the US and was also released in 1970 in the UK. Introduced on her May 1971 album release One Together, Wyman's "I Don't Know How to Love Him" had reached #101 in Record World's "The Singles Chart 101–150" during a December 1970 - January 1971 eight-week tenure.

A version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" done in medley with "Everything's Alright", also from Jesus Christ Superstar, was recorded on the Happy Tiger label by a group credited as the Kimberlys; released in January 1971 the same week as the Helen Reddy version, the Kimberleys' track received enough regional attention to reach No. 99 on the Billboard Hot 100 that March.

Dutch vocalist Bojoura had a 1971 single release of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" with the song relegated to B-side status, the single's A-side being "Everything's Alright".

The appearance of Helen Reddy's version on the Billboard Hot 100 also drew the single release of the version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by Petula Clark which single – produced by Johnny Harris – would be Clark's last released on Warner Brothers.

In the British Isles "I Don't Know How to Love Him" first became a hit in the Republic of Ireland where Tina & Real McCoy took it to No. 1 in December 1971. In January 1972 the version by Petula Clark was released in the UK to chart at No. 42 marking Clark's final appearance on the UK Singles chart except for the 1988 remix of her 1964 hit "Downtown". Clark's "I Don't Know How to Love Him" was to be her final single release on Pye Records. Concurrent with Clark's version, the original Yvonne Elliman track was issued as a single on a double A-side with "Superstar" by Murray Head; this single peaked at UK No. 47. Tony Hatch, who had produced Petula Clark's hit singles of the 1960s, had produced a version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" by his then-wife Jackie Trent, which was issued as a single 5 November 1971: Hatch would later produce a rendition of the song by Julie Budd for her 1972 self-titled album. A 1972 version by Sylvie McNeill on a UK 45, United Artists UA UP35415, was released (11 August) timed for the first UK stage musical of Jesus Christ Superstar; she had actually performed it on The Benny Hill Show (original air date: 23 February 1972).

Petula Clark also recorded "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in French as "La Chanson de Marie-Madeleine" which served as the title cut for a 1972 French language album which also featured Clark's version of "I Don't Know How to Love Him". "La Chanson de Marie-Madeleine" became a chart item (#66) for Clark in Quebec in March 1972 despite being bested in France by the Anne-Marie David version from the Paris cast recording which reached No. 29.

In 1972, Cilla Black recorded the song for Day by Day with Cilla – her seventh and final studio album to be produced by George Martin. Black revealed in her 2003 autobiography What's It All About how she had worked so hard to produce the song which she loved but as her record label EMI Records were having industrial action the album was delayed a year. The singer went on to explain "Disappointed though I was, there was at least a crumb of comfort for me when Tim Rice hailed my recording as 'the definitive version'."[24] Also in 2003, Andrew Lloyd Webber wrote for the booklet of Black's compilation album The Best of 1963–78 "Her version of 'I Don't Know How To Love Him' in my opinion stands up alongside her other great songs...". Black's original vocal was remixed for her 2009 club remixes album Cilla All Mixed Up.

Shirley Bassey recorded "I Don't Know How to Love Him" for her 1972 album release And I Love You So with the track having a single release as the B-side of the title track. Johnny Harris, who'd produced Petula Clark's version of "I Don't How to Love Him", was the producer of Bassey's And I Love You So album (Noel Rogers was credited as executive producer) and on that album's "I Don't Know How to Love Him" track Harris acted as arranger/conductor.

The earliest rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in Swedish was "Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" introduced on the album Frida by Anni-Frid Lyngstad which was recorded from September 1970 to January 1971: the complete album track was entitled "Allting Skall Bli Bra"/"Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" the first element referring to the Swedish rendering of the abbreviated version of "Everything's Alright" which serves as the lead-in to "Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" ("I Don't Know How to Love Him" is performed in the stage musical Jesus Christ Superstar with an abbreviated "Everything's Alright" as prelude). "Allting Skall Bli Bra"/"Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" had a belated single release in the spring of 1972 as follow-up to Lyngstad's hit "Min egen Stad": the single release of "Allting Skall Bli Bra"/"Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" put Lyngstad in competition with her future ABBA co-member Agnetha Fältskog, the latter's concurrent single release "Vart Ska Min Karlek Fora" being the Swedish rendering of "I Don't Know How to Love Him" featured in the Swedish production of Jesus Christ Superstar and Faltskog having the cachet of performing as Mary Magdalena in that stage production it was her single which became the hit, besting Lyngstad's "Allting Skall Bli Bra"/"Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" and also a cover version of "Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek?" by Inger Öst (sv).

"I Don't Know How to Love Him" has also been recorded (with parent album) by Madeline Bell (on multi-artist album Musical Cocktail – 1995), Debra Byrne (credited as Debbie [no surname] on multi-artist album Young Talent Time by Young Talent Team – 1973), Mary Byrne (...with Love – 2011), Chelsia Chan (Dark Side of Your Mind – 1975), Judy Collins (Amazing Grace – 1985), Dana (Everything is Beautiful - 1980), Kjerstin Dellert (entitled "Vad Gör Jag Med Min Kärlek") (Primadonna – 1977), Johnny Dorelli & Catherine Spaak (entitled "Non So Più Come Amarlo") (B-side of No. 6 Italian chart hit "Una Serata Insieme a Te" – 1973), Katja Ebstein (entitled "Wie soll ich ihn nur lieben") (Liebe – 1977), Peggy Lee (Where Did They Go? – 1971), Suzanne Lynch (Walk a Little Closer - 1973; credited as Suzanne [no surname]), Gloria Lynne (I Don't Know How to Love Him – 1976), Ginette Reno (entitled "La Chanson De Marie Madeleine") (Spécialement Pour Vous - 1976), Jeane Manson (Jeane Manson – 1993), Manuela (Songs of Love – 1971), Catherine McKinnon (Catherine McKinnon - 1976 or '77 compilation album of CBC Radio performances), (Anita Meyer (Premiere – 1987), Gitte Hænning (entitled "Jeg vil så gerne nå ham) (Gitte Hænning – 1971), Angelika Milster (de) (entitled "Wie soll ich ihn nur lieben") (Meisterstücke – 2001), Sinéad O'Connor (Theology – 2007), Marion Rung (entitled "Maria Magdalena" recorded 1974) (Marion, olkaa hyvä - kaikki singlet 1971-1986 – 2005), Irene Ryder (Irene - 1971), Seija Simola (entitled "Maria Magdalena") (Seija – 1972), Nancy Sinatra (Shifting Gears - 2013), Ornella Vanoni (entitled "Non So Più Come Amarlo") (single from Quei Giorni Insieme A Te – 1974), and Frances Yip (Frances Yip's Greatest Hits - 1972). Kelly Marie, who at sixteen had won four times on Opportunity Knocks singing "I Don't Know How to Love Him", recorded a disco version of the song which appears on the 2003 album Applause.

Nell Carter performed "I Don't Know How to Love Him" in an episode of the NBC-TV sitcom Gimme a Break! entitled Flashback which was broadcast 26 January 1984.

Alicja Janosz, winner of the first edition of Polish Idol, performed the song during World Idol competition in 2003.

In the "Sadie Hawkins" episode of the TV series Glee aired 24 January 2013 "I Don't Know How to Love Him" was performed by Jenna Ushkowitz in the role of Tina.

An apparently unique gender-adjusted version of the song: "I Don't Know How to Love Her", was recorded by Jerry Vale as the title cut of his 1971 album release.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinclair, Tom (8 August 1997). "You Only 'Live' Twice". Entertainment Weekly. 
  2. ^ Citron, Stephen (2001). Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: the new musical. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 114–115. ISBN 0-19-509601-0. 
  3. ^ Braun, Michael (1972). Jesus Christ Superstar: The Authorised Version. London: Pan Books Ltd. ISBN 0330235176. 
  4. ^ Simpson, Paul (2003). The Rough Guide to Cult Pop. London: The Penguin Group. p. 141. ISBN 978-1843532293. 
  5. ^ a b c "Sir Tim Rice - Jesus Christ Superstar". Timrice.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-03. 
  6. ^ http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/entertainment/arts/jesus-christ-superstar-rises-in-a-glorious-resurrection/news-story/80702d214e65ec754443430da5008b84
  7. ^ "Listen preview of Melanie C new album - Stages". Broadway World. 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  8. ^ "I Don't Know How to Love Him - Single". iTunes. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2016-09-05. 
  9. ^ Melanie C (2012-07-28). "'I DON'T KNOW HOW TO LOVE HIM' DOWNLOAD LINKS". MelanieC.net. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  10. ^ Stage Tube (22 July 2012). "First Listen – Superstar' s Melanie C Releases "I Don't Know How to Love Him" Single". westend.broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Release – I Don't Know How To Love Him". Discogs. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  12. ^ "Archive Chart – 29th December 2012". Official Charts Company. 2011-09-17. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  13. ^ "Melanie C – I Don't Know How To Love Him". Discogs. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  14. ^ "I Don't Know How to Love Him - Single". iTunes. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  15. ^ Julia McKenzie – The Musicals Album at AllMusic. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  16. ^ a b Billboard vol#86 No. 31 (3 August 1974). p. 38. 
  17. ^ Reddy, Helen (2006). The Woman I Am: a memoir. New York: The Penguin Group. pp. 135–138. ISBN 1-58542-489-7. 
  18. ^ Billboard vol#83 No. 16 (17 April 1972) p.29
  19. ^ "Helen Reddy —: I Don't Know How To Love Him". Las-solanas.com. Retrieved 2016-10-03.  C1 control character in |title= at position 13 (help)
  20. ^ a b "Australian Chart Book". Austchartbook.com.au. Retrieved 2016-10-03. 
  21. ^ Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1990 - ISBN 0-89820-089-X
  22. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-03. 
  23. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1971/Top 100 Songs of 1971". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-10-03. 
  24. ^ Black, Cilla (2003). What's It All About. UK: Ebury. p. 223. ISBN 0-09-189035-7. 

External links[edit]