I Hear You Knocking

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"I Hear You Knocking"
I Hear You Knocking single cover.jpg
Single by Smiley Lewis
B-side "Bumpity Bump"
Released July 1955 (1955-07)
Format 10-inch 78 rpm & 7-inch 45 rpm records
Recorded 1955
Studio J&M, New Orleans, Louisiana
Genre New Orleans R&B
Length 2:23
Label Imperial
Songwriter(s) Dave Bartholomew[1]
Producer(s) Dave Bartholomew
Smiley Lewis singles chronology
"Bells Are Ringing"
(1952)
"I Hear You Knocking"
(1955)
"One Night"
(1956)

"I Hear You Knocking" (or "I Hear You Knockin'") is a rhythm and blues song written by Dave Bartholomew. New Orleans rhythm and blues singer Smiley Lewis first recorded the song in 1955. The lyrics tell of the return of a former lover who is rebuffed and Huey "Piano" Smith provided the prominent piano accompaniment in the style associated with Fats Domino.

"I Hear You Knocking" reached number two on the Billboard R&B singles chart in 1955, making it Lewis's most popular and best-known song. Subsequently, numerous artists have recorded it, including Welsh singer and guitarist Dave Edmunds, whose version reached number one in the UK for six weeks in 1970 and was in the top 10 in several other countries.

Background[edit]

Several earlier blues and R&B songs use lyrics similar to "I Hear You Knocking".[2] James "Boodle It" Wiggins recorded an upbeat piano blues in 1928 titled "Keep A Knockin' An You Can't Get In"[3] which repeated the title in the lyrics. It was followed by songs that used similar phrases, including "You Can't Come In", by Bert M. Mays (1928);[4] "Keep On Knocking", by Lil Johnson (1935); "Keep a Knocking", by Milton Brown & His Brownies (1936); and "Keep Knocking (But You Can't Come In)", by Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys (1938).[5] None of these early singles listed a songwriter or composer.

However, when popular jump blues bandleader Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five recorded the song as "Keep A-Knockin'" in 1939,[6] the single's credits listed "Mays-Bradford" (Bert Mays and Perry Bradford). in 1957, Little Richard recorded it with "R. Penniman", Richard's legal name, listed as the writer, although Bert Mays and J. Mayo Williams were later credited as songwriters.[2] Beginning with his signing by the Los Angeles–based Imperial Records in 1950, Smiley Lewis was one of the main proponents of the emerging New Orleans rhythm and blues style, along with Fats Domino, Lloyd Price, Dave Bartholomew, and Professor Longhair.

Original song[edit]

Smiley Lewis recorded "I Hear You Knocking" with Dave Bartholomew's band at J&M Studios in New Orleans, owned by Cosimo Matassa. Bartholomew is listed as the producer and songwriter, along with Pearl King (a Bartholomew pseudonym; the maiden name of his wife). "I Hear You Knocking" uses a modified twelve-bar blues arrangement, in which the progression to the IV chord is repeated:[7]

I I I I7 IV IV I I7 IV IV V V

It has been notated in 4/4 time in the key of C with a moderate tempo.[8] Instrumentally, the song is dominated by piano triplets in the style of Fats Domino, played by Huey "Piano" Smith.[9] The lyrics echo some of the lines from the earlier songs:

You went away and left me long time ago
Now you're comin' back knockin' on my door
I hear you knockin', but you can't come in
I hear you knockin', go back where you been

"I Hear You Knocking" was released as a single by Imperial Records in 1955 and entered the charts on September 6.[10] It spent eighteen weeks on the chart and reached number two.[10]

First cover versions[edit]

In the 1950s, it was a common practice in the record industry for pop artists to re-record (or "cover") popular R&B songs.[11] Well-known early examples include Big Joe Turner's "Shake, Rattle and Roll", which was re-recorded by Bill Haley & His Comets, and Fats Domino's "Ain't That a Shame", which was covered by Pat Boone.[12] In some cases, cover versions far outsold the originals[13] and prevented them from entering the pop chart or "crossing over". This was the case with "I Hear You Knocking".[14] A recording of the song by actress and pop singer Gale Storm also in 1955[15] reached number two on the Billboard singles chart and number three on the Cash Box Best-Selling Record chart and became a gold record. Blues researcher Bill Dahl noted that "Storm swiped his [Lewis's] thunder for any crossover possibilities with her ludicrous whitewashed cover of the plaintive ballad".[14] Bartholomew expressed his disappointment,[16] reportedly leading him to refer to Lewis as a "'bad luck singer', because he never sold more than 100,000 copies of his Imperial singles".[14] English singer Jill Day also recorded the song in 1956, as did Connie Francis in 1959. In 1961, Bartholomew produced Fats Domino's successful remake of the song, also for Imperial.

Dave Edmunds version[edit]

"I Hear You Knocking"
Ihearyouknocking45.jpg
Single by Dave Edmunds
B-side "Black Bill"
Released November 1970 (1970-11)
Format 7-inch 45 rpm record
Studio Rockfield, Monmouthshire, Wales
Genre Roots rock
Length 2:48
Label MAM
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s) Dave Edmunds
Dave Edmunds singles chronology
"I Hear You Knocking"
(1970)
"I'm Comin' Home"
(1971)

Welsh singer and guitarist Dave Edmunds recorded "I Hear You Knocking" in 1970 at Rockfield Studios in Monmouthshire.[17] Whereas Lewis's original recording is a piano-driven R&B piece with a 12/8 shuffle feel, Edmunds' version features prominent guitar lines and a stripped-down, straight-quaver rock-and-roll approach.[18] In an interview, John Lennon commented, "Well, I always liked simple rock. There's a great one in England now, 'I Hear You Knocking'".[19]

Edmunds plays all the instruments (except possibly bass guitar) and AllMusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine suggests that the song "has a mechanical rhythm and a weird, out-of-phase vocal that qualifies as an original interpretation".[20] Edmunds uses fills and a solo played on slide guitar, and during the instrumental break he shouts out the names of several 1950s recording artists: "Fats Domino, Smiley Lewis, Chuck Berry, Huey Smith!"[16] The production is notable for its use of heavy compression on nearly all tracks, and for its minimalist piano part, consisting of one chord (augmented dominant C7 chord) played only twice. The vocal was piped in through a telephone line.[17]

In December 1970, "I Hear You Knocking" reached number one in the UK, including the Christmas number one slot, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks.[21] It also placed in the top 10 in several other countries, including number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 in 1971.[22] It sold over three million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.[23] In 1972, the song was included on his first solo album, Rockpile.

Edmunds had originally planned to record a cover of "Let's Work Together" by Wilbert Harrison, but had to reconsider when he heard a version that had been recorded by Canned Heat. He later recalled:

Then an album of Smiley Lewis was released on United Artists in Britain, and they played "I Hear You Knocking" on the radio in Britain while I was driving along. I thought, "Hang on", the two songs have identical format. You could use the same backing track for both songs. It's just a simple 12-bar thing. So I thought, I'll do that.[24]

Chart performance[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lewis's single (see image) credited only Bartholomew as the songwriter.
  2. ^ a b Birnbaum, Larry (2012). Before Elvis: The Prehistory of Rock 'n' Roll. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 338. ISBN 978-0-8108-8629-2.
  3. ^ Paramount Records (catalogue number 12662); Sliwicki, Susan. "James Wiggins Came 'Knocking' Long Before Little Richard Did". Goldminemag.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  4. ^ Vocalion Records (catalogue number 1223)
  5. ^ Columbia Records (20228)
  6. ^ Decca Records (7609)
  7. ^ "I Hear You Knocking, by Smiley Lewis". Musicnotes.com. Alfred Publishing. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  8. ^ Lewis' 1955 recording is in the key of E.
  9. ^ According to Matassa, "Most people think Fats Domino played his own piano but he didn't always. Huey 'Piano' Smith did the piano work on many of Fats' records. He also did the piano intro on Smiley Lewis's 'I Hear You Knockin'". Aswell, Tom (2010). Louisiana Rocks!: The True Genesis of Rock and Roll. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-58980-677-1.
  10. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. p. 256. ISBN 0-89820-068-7.
  11. ^ Cover versions "capitalize[d] on the ethnic divide in American radio". Shuker, Roy (2012). Popular Music Culture: The Key Concepts (3rd. ed.). New York City: Routledge. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-415-59866-8.
  12. ^ Sagolla, Lisa Jo (2011). Rock 'n' Roll Dances of the 1950s. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-313-36557-7.
  13. ^ "Cover versions ... taking the dominant share of the record market." Caves, Richard E. (2000). Creative Industries: Contracts Between Art and Commerce. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-674-00164-0.
  14. ^ a b c Dahl, Bill (1996). "Smiley Lewis". In Erlewine, Michael. All Music Guide to the Blues. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books. p. 165. ISBN 0-87930-424-3.
  15. ^ Dot Records (15412)
  16. ^ a b Wirt, John (2014). Huey "Piano" Smith and the Rocking Pneumonia Blues. Louisiana State University Press. pp. 32, 134. ISBN 978-0-8071-5295-9.
  17. ^ a b "I Hear You Knocking by Dave Edmunds on Apple Music". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  18. ^ Rolling Stone (2004). "Dave Edmunds". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). New York City: Fireside Books. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.
  19. ^ Wenner, Jann (2001). Lennon Remembers. New York City: Verso Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-85984-376-5.
  20. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2002). "Dave Edmunds". In Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (3rd. ed.). San Francisco: Backbeat Books. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3.
  21. ^ a b "Dave Edmunds – Singles". Official Charts. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  22. ^ a b "Dave Edmunds: Chart History – Hot 100". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  23. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins. p. 278. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  24. ^ "Dave Edmunds : Songwriter Interviews". Songfacts.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  25. ^ "Go-Set Top 60: March 27, 1971". Go-Set Charts. Pop Archives. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  26. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts" (in German). ofiziellecharts.de. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  27. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – I Hear You Knocking". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  28. ^ Flavour of New Zealand, 15 February 1971
  29. ^ "SA Charts 1965–March 1989". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  30. ^ "Go-Set Top Singles for 1971". Go-Set Charts. Pop Archives. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  31. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  32. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts 1971" (in German). ofiziellecharts.de. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  33. ^ "Top 100 1971 - UK Music Charts". Uk-charts.top-source.info. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  34. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1971/Top 100 Songs of 1971". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  35. ^ "Cash Box YE Pop Singles - 1971". tropicalglen.com. Retrieved 4 August 2017.