I Shot Andy Warhol
|I Shot Andy Warhol|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Mary Harron|
|Based on||The Letters and Diaries of Candy Darling, 1992|
by Jeremiah Newton
|Music by||John Cale|
|Edited by||Keith Reamer|
|Distributed by||The Samuel Goldwyn Company|
|Box office||$1.9 million|
I Shot Andy Warhol is a 1996 American-British independent film about the life of Valerie Solanas and her relationship with the artist Andy Warhol. The film marked the feature film directorial debut of Canadian director Mary Harron. The film stars Lili Taylor as Valerie, Jared Harris as Andy Warhol, and Martha Plimpton as Valerie's friend Stevie. Stephen Dorff plays Warhol superstar Candy Darling. John Cale of The Velvet Underground wrote the film's score despite protests from former band member Lou Reed. Yo La Tengo plays an anonymous band that is somewhat reminiscent of the group.
The film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival. To celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Teddy Awards, the film was selected to be shown at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2016.
The film opens immediately after the shooting at The Factory in 1968, followed by Valerie Solanas being shown in custody for shooting Andy Warhol. The film then uses flashbacks to when Valerie was living in New York as a sex worker, then to her difficult childhood, then to her success in studying psychology at college. Here, Valerie discovers that she is a lesbian, that she can write, and that she has a distinctive view of the world. This leads her to New York City and its downtown underworld. Through her friend Stevie, she meets Candy Darling, who in turn introduces her to Warhol.
Valerie also meets Maurice Girodias, the publisher of Olympia Press. While Valerie wants Warhol to produce her play, Up Your Ass, Girodias wants her to write a pornographic novel for him. Once she signs a contract with Girodias, she comes to suspect his offer is not a generous one and may not be in her best interest. She comes to regret signing this contract. At this point, her increasing derangement leads her to believe that Warhol and Girodias are controlling her. The film concludes, where it began, with Solanas' attempted murder of Warhol. Warhol lives in fear that Valerie will strike again and never fully recovers from the shooting. The SCUM manifesto becomes a feminist classic.
- Lili Taylor as Valerie Solanas
- Jared Harris as Andy Warhol
- Stephen Dorff as Candy Darling
- Martha Plimpton as Stevie
- Lothaire Bluteau as Maurice Girodias
- Anna Levine as Iris
- Peter Friedman as Alan Burke
- Tahnee Welch as Viva
- Jamie Harrold as Jackie Curtis
- Donovan Leitch as Gerard Malanga
- Jim Lyons as Billy Name
- Michael Imperioli as Ondine
- Reg Rogers as Paul Morrissey
- Bill Sage as Tom Baker
- Justin Theroux as Mark
- Jill Hennessy as Laura
- Coco McPherson as Brigid Berlin
- Lorraine Farris as Susan
- Craig Chester as Fred Hughes
- Victor Browne as Danny
- Billy Erb as Rotten Rita
- Anh Duong as Comtesse de Courcy
- Myriam Cyr as Ultra Violet
Dr. Dana Heller, professor of English at the Old Dominion University, argues that the film stages the conflict between Solanas and Warhol as less the result of gender politics – particularly because Solanas intended no connection between her writing and the shooting – than of the decline of print culture as represented by Solanas and the rise of new non-writing media as embodied by Warhol and the Pop art movement. In the screenplay, Harron and Minahan describe Solanas as "banging at an ancient typewriter" and the film frequently shows her typing, for which she is mocked by Warhol and other Factory regulars. Solanas' writing is set against the new technologies of reproduction championed by Warhol.
Many people who knew Solanas and Warhol tried to rationalize the shooting. Stephen Koch, who in 1973 wrote a study of Warhol's film, stated: "Valerie lives in terror of dependence: That is what the SCUM Manifesto is about, an absolute terror before the experience of need. Like Warhol, Solanas is obsessed with an image of autonomy, except that... she has played the obsession desperately, rather than with Warhol's famous cool."
Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 75% of critics gave the film positive reviews. On Metacritic it has a weighted score of 75/100, based on 20 critics, which it ranks as "Generally favorable reviews".
Awards and nominations
- Gijón International Film Festival Best Art Direction - Thérèse DePrez
- Seattle International Film Festival Golden Space Needle Award for Best Actress - Lili Taylor
- Stockholm Film Festival Award for Best Actress - Lili Taylor
- Sundance Film Festival Special Recognition for Outstanding Performance - Lili Taylor
- Independent Spirit Awards Best First Feature - Mary Harron, Tom Kalin, and Christine Vachon
- Stockholm Film Festival Bronze Horse
- Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize - Dramatic
I Shot Andy Warhol was released on Region 1 DVD on January 23, 2001.
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- I Shot Andy Warhol at Box Office Mojo
- "Festival de Cannes: I Shot Andy Warhol". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-09-20.
- "Berlinale 2016: Panorama Celebrates Teddy Award's 30th Anniversary and Announces First Titles in Programme". Berlinale. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- Heller 2008, p. 151.
- Heller 2008, pp. 152–157.
- Heller 2008, pp. 155–156.
- Harron, I Shot Andy Warhol, Grove Press NY, 1995
- "I Shot Andy Warhol" at Rotten Tomatoes
- "I Shot Andy Warhol" at Metacritic
- Heller, Dana (2008). "Shooting Solanas: Radical Feminist History and the Technology of Failure". In Hesford, Victoria; Diedrich, Lisa (eds.). Feminist Time Against Nation Time: Gender, Politics, and the Nation-State in an Age of Permanent War. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-1123-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)