I Want to Go Home (film)
|I Want to Go Home|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Alain Resnais|
|Produced by||Marin Karmitz|
|Written by||Jules Feiffer|
|Music by||John Kander|
|Cinematography||Charles Van Damme|
|Edited by||Albert Jurgenson|
|Language||English and French|
I Want to Go Home is a 1989 French film directed by Alain Resnais, from a screenplay by Jules Feiffer. It explores the differences between French and American cultural values through a story about a veteran cartoonist who encounters conflicting reactions to his work during a trip abroad.
Joey Wellman, an American cartoonist from Cleveland now largely forgotten at home, visits France with his partner Lena to attend an exhibition in Paris about the comic strip (bande dessinée) which features his work. He also hopes to be reconciled with his daughter Elsie who has been a student in Paris for two years, in flight from the American culture of which she sees her father as a typical example. Elsie is naively infatuated with French literature, and is trying to secure an introduction to the brilliant university professor Christian Gauthier, an expert on Flaubert but also an enthusiast for comic books. The meeting of father and daughter goes badly, but Elsie is persuaded to join Joey and Lena for the weekend at the country house of Gauthier's mother, Isabelle. During a comic-themed masquerade party, all of the characters are made to reconsider their present and past relationships.
Adolph Green, as Joey Wellman
Laura Benson, as Elsie Wellman, Joey's daughter
Linda Lavin, as Lena Apthrop, Joey's partner
Gérard Depardieu, as Christian Gauthier
Micheline Presle, as Isabelle Gauthier, Christian's mother
John Ashton, as Harry Dempsey, an American film director in exile
Geraldine Chaplin, as Terry Armstrong
The project initially arose from Resnais's admiration for the plays of the American writer and illustrator Jules Feiffer. Although there was originally no intention of highlighting the comic-strip, Feiffer suggested using the character of a comic illustrator as the means of exploring American and French attitudes towards the appreciation of cartoons and comic-books. This appealed to Resnais's own longstanding enthusiasm for comic-strips, and allowed him to develop a film that was dense with references to cartoon characters and their creators. (Animated characters often appear within the frame to converse with one of the live-actors.) Resnais was also fascinated by the question of whether people could appreciate comics on the same level as a literary work such as one by Flaubert.
Another source of reference was American musical comedy, underlined by the casting in the central role of Adolph Green, writer of classic musicals such as On the Town, Singin' in the Rain, and The Band Wagon, and by the choice of John Kander, composer of Cabaret and Chicago, to provide the musical score.
The film was made predominantly in English. A dubbed French version was subsequently created (without Resnais's participation).
On its release the film met with a largely hostile reception from both critics and the public in France. Resnais attributed the film's failure to the unfamiliarity of the public with the world of the comic-strip and its personalities, which made it difficult to appreciate the confrontation of values which the film explored.
The film failed to get distribution either in the United States or in Great Britain. Variety described it as a "stillborn satiric comedy".
The producer of the film, Marin Karmitz, registered a substantial financial loss from the film's commercial flop, and was unable to engage in further production work for the next 18 months. He nevertheless continued to declare his support for what he regarded as one of Resnais's most important films, describing it as "a great film about death, and about the death of certain cultures".
I Want to Go Home was shown at the 1989 Venice Film Festival, where it won awards for Alain Resnais and Jules Feiffer.
- Interview with Alain Resnais, by Serge Toubiana in October 2002, included in the DVD edition of I Want to Go Home by Artificial Eye (2010).
- Editorial note in: Alain Masson, "Riant avec leurs amis", in Alain Resnais: anthologie établie par Stéphane Goudet. (Paris: Positif, Gallimard, 2002.) p.378.
- The film received a rare sympathetic review in Cahiers du Cinéma, where it was included among their ten best films of 1989.
- Variety, 31 December 1988. [retrieved 25 January 2011]
- Interview with Marin Karmitz (2002), included in the DVD edition of I Want to Go Home by Artificial Eye (2010).
- Review of several Resnais films by David Ehrenstein for DVDBeaver. [retrieved 25 January 2011]
- Review by Fernando F. Croce, for Slant Magazine, 20 February 2008. [retrieved 25 January 2011]
- Durham, Carolyn A. "Comic Strips and Cultural Stereotypes: Alain Resnais's I Want to Go Home", in Double Takes: Culture and Gender in French Films and their American Remakes. (Hanover, NH: Dartmouth: University Press of New England, 1998.) pp.25-48.