I Won't Back Down
|"I Won't Back Down"|
|Single by Tom Petty|
|from the album Full Moon Fever|
|Tom Petty singles chronology|
"I Won't Back Down"
"I Won't Back Down" is a song by American rock musician Tom Petty. It was released in April 1989 as the lead single from his first solo album, Full Moon Fever. The song was written by Petty and Jeff Lynne, his writing partner for the album. It reached number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 and topped the Album Rock Tracks chart for five weeks, starting the album's road to multi-platinum status.
Background and writing
Petty recalled the recording of this song to Mojo magazine: "At the session George Harrison sang and played the guitar. I had a terrible cold that day, and George went to the store and bought a ginger root, boiled it and had me stick my head in the pot to get the ginger steam to open up my sinuses, and then I ran in and did the take."
A message of defiance against unnamed forces of difficulty and possibly oppression, the lyric is set against a mid-tempo beat:
- Well I know what's right, I got just one life
- in a world that keeps on pushin' me around
- but I'll stand my ground, and I won't back down
Due to its themes, the song was played often on American radio following the September 11 attacks. Petty and the Heartbreakers played a quiet but resolute version of the song at the America: A Tribute to Heroes telethon following the 2001 attacks.
Agreement with Sam Smith
In January 2015, it was revealed that an agreement had been reached whereby Petty and Jeff Lynne would be credited as co-writers of Sam Smith's song "Stay with Me" and receive 12.5% of its royalties. Petty's publishing company had contacted Smith's publisher after noticing a likeness between "Stay with Me" and "I Won't Back Down". Petty clarified that he did not believe Smith plagiarized him, saying "All my years of songwriting have shown me these things can happen. Most times you catch it before it gets out the studio door but in this case it got by. Sam's people were very understanding of our predicament and we easily came to an agreement". Smith claimed not to have heard "I Won't Back Down" before writing "Stay with Me", but acknowledged the similarity after listening to the song, calling it "a complete coincidence". Petty and Lynne were not eligible for a Grammy Award ("Stay with Me" was nominated for three awards at the 57th annual ceremony, winning two of them) as the Recording Academy considered "Stay with Me" to have been interpolated from "I Won't Back Down" by Smith, James Napier, and William Phillips, the writers of "Stay with Me"; Petty and Lynne were instead given certificates to honor their participation in the work, as is usual for writers of sampled or interpolated work.
- Tom Petty – lead vocals and backing vocals, acoustic guitar
- Mike Campbell – slide guitar
- George Harrison – acoustic guitar, backing vocals
- Jeff Lynne – bass, backing vocals
- Howie Epstein – backing vocals
- Phil Jones – Linn LM-1, drums
- Ringo Starr – Linn LM-1, drums in video
Use in political campaigns
George W. Bush used "I Won't Back Down" at campaign events during the 2000 presidential campaign but was compelled to stop using the song after receiving a cease and desist letter from Petty's publisher. Petty then went on to perform the song at Al Gore's home after Gore conceded the election to President Bush. Jim Webb used the song for his successful bid for one of Virginia's U.S. Senate seats in 2006, as did Hillary Clinton during the 2008 Democratic presidential primary campaign. The song was also used at campaign events for Congressman Ron Paul of Texas during the 2008 Republican presidential primary campaign, as well as for events for his Campaign for Liberty. The song was also played at an event for Republican Connecticut gubernatorial nominee, Tom Foley. The song was also played at the 2012 Democratic National Convention after a speech delivered by President Bill Clinton, in which President Barack Obama came out on stage to salute him.
In June 2020, Petty's family issued a cease and desist letter to President Donald Trump's campaign for its use of "I Won't Back Down" at Trump's rally in Tulsa on June 20, 2020. The letter stated: "Trump was in no way authorized to use this song to further a campaign that leaves too many Americans and common sense behind. Both the late Tom Petty and his family firmly stand against racism and discrimination of any kind. Tom Petty would never want a song of his used for a campaign of hate. He liked to bring people together".
Use in sports campaigns
The San Francisco Giants used the song for Jeff Brantley's walk-on in the 1989 season; that year the Giants went to the World Series to face the Oakland Athletics, where game three was interrupted by a major earthquake and postponed for two weeks. The Ottawa Senators used the song as a campaign anthem in December 1990 at their presentation to be awarded an NHL franchise at the Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida. The unlikely bid received unanimous support from the NHL and the franchise was awarded on December 6, 1990.
The song was used as the walkout song for the Australian Rugby League club the Melbourne Storm from 1999-2007. It was also used as the slogan for the TCU Horned Frogs during the 2009 season, and incorporated into their merchandise during the year. Beginning on October 7, 2017, the song has become a staple at University of Florida home football games. Fans sing the song between the third and fourth quarters, right after the traditional university song, "We are the Boys from Old Florida". The Johnny Cash cover has also been used for a Rogers Sportsnet advertising campaign for the 2010-2011 NHL season.
- Full Moon Fever (1989)
- Greatest Hits (1993)
- Playback (1995)
- Anthology: Through the Years (2000)
- America: A Tribute to Heroes (2001)
- The Live Anthology (2009)
- Mojo Tour 2010 (2010) – live version
- Barnyard (2006, albeit sung by Sam Elliot)
The song was also released as downloadable content for Rock Band 2.
Notable cover versions
- Johnny Cash – American III: Solitary Man (2000) (Tom Petty contributed vocals and guitar to Cash's recording.)
- Benjamin Francis Leftwich – covered the song for Grey's Anatomy (season 9, episode 3). (2012)
- Kris Kristofferson – covered for the soundtrack for History Channel's Texas Rising. (2015)
- Jason Aldean – Saturday Night Live (2017), as a tribute to the victims of the Route 91 shooting and Tom Petty.
- Hybrid – closing track on their 2018 album Light of the Fearless.
- Joshua Radin – Radin covered the song on his 2019 album Here, Right Now.
- Snow, Mat. "Tom Petty interview". MOJO. January 2010 (194). Retrieved 2014-07-15.
- Eric Schumacher-Rasmussen (September 22, 2001). "Mariah Carey, Springsteen, Other Stars Sing For America On Telethon". MTV News.
- Bill Crandall (September 24, 2001). "Artists Rise Up for America". Rolling Stone.
- Peter Bogdanovich (director) (2007). Runnin' Down a Dream (Documentary). Event occurs at 2:43:25.
Of all the songs I've written I think I get the most feedback about that song. And it is a personal song – when I did it I sort of thought that I laid it out, you know, with no ambiguity at all – like I just said it very plainly – and I kind of felt nervous about it like maybe I should take it back and disguise it a little bit, but I'm glad I didn't – and it's very much like me.
- "Sam Smith: Tom Petty given writing credit for Stay with Me". BBC News. 2015-01-27.
- Kreps, Daniel (2015-01-29). "Tom Petty on Sam Smith Settlement: 'No Hard Feelings. These Things Happen'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-01-31.
- Lac, J. Freedom du (9 February 2015). "The only person Sam Smith didn't thank at the Grammys deserves a lot of credit". The Washington Post.
- "Sam Smith explains why he settled copyright dispute with Tom Petty". CBC. Feb 7, 2015.
- Copland, Chris (25 January 2015). "Tom Petty awarded songwriting royalties for Sam Smith's "Stay With Me"". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- "Sam Smith: Tom Petty given writing credit for Stay With Me". BBC. January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- Randall Roberts (January 26, 2015). "Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne added to credits of Sam Smith's 'Stay With Me'". Los Angeles Times.
- "Australian-charts.com – Tom Petty – I Won't Back Down". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "Charts.nz – Tom Petty – I Won't Back Down". Top 40 Singles.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "Tom Petty Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Tom Petty Chart History (Mainstream Rock)". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Tom Petty Chart History (Alternative Airplay)". Billboard. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Tom Petty – I Won't Back Down". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
- "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles Chart – 1989". ARIA, via Imgur.com. Retrieved January 7, 2020.
- "Top Singles - Volume 51, No. 8, December 23, 1989". RPM. December 23, 1999. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- Roisin O'Connor (October 2, 2017). "Tom Petty once sent a cease and desist letter to George W. Bush". The Independent.
- Claire Suddath. "A Brief History of Campaign Songs - George W. Bush". Time.
- "Petty, Popper Serenade Gore After Concession". ABC News. December 14, 2000.
- Jonathan Pieslak (November 3, 2015). Radicalism and Music An Introduction to the Music Cultures of al-Qa'ida, Racist Skinheads, Christian-Affiliated Radicals, and Eco-Animal Rights Militants. Wesleyan. p. 244. ISBN 978-0819575845.
- Bake, Cole (June 21, 2020). "Tom Petty's Family Send Cease-And-Desist Letter To Trump For Song Use". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- "These are the Ottawa Senators you know". Ottawa Citizen. December 5, 2005. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
Firestone turned 39 the day before the bid presentation. Leeder and Sexton, boyhood hockey pals from Brockville, were 31. Waiting in a holding room, feeling a little like caged animals, the group got psyched up the way athletes do, by listening to inspiring music. In this case, it was the theme song of their mission -- Tom Petty's "I Won't Back Down".
- Evans, Thayer (November 14, 2009). "T.C.U. Fans Are Singing Football Coach's Praises". The New York Times.
- on YouTube