I am Error

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The original usage of the phrase in Zelda II: The Adventure of Link

"I am Error" is a quote from the NES game Zelda II: The Adventure of Link. The quote is spoken by a villager, apparently named Error, in the town of Ruto. In the original Japanese version of the game, the line is Ore no na wa Erā da... (オレノナハ エラー ダ...), which translates to "My name is Error...".

The unlikely character name is widely believed to have been a programmer's in-joke, since the game also features a similar looking character named Bagu (バグ), meaning software bug. In computing, a bug is a flaw in the programming code. Error and Bug are thus assumed to form a comical, in-universe parallel. In the English version, the name Erā was translated, but the name Bagu was not. Many gamers therefore missed the joke and variously believed the "I am Error" phrase to be a mistranslation, a misspelling, or an actual error message.

The phrase has since become part of the NES folklore and became an early Internet meme around 2000. It has been referenced in a number of games, including Super Paper Mario, The Binding of Isaac, and Guacamelee!.


Zelda II: The Adventure of Link was released in Japan on 14 January 1987, and internationally in late 1988. The player controls Link, who travels through Hyrule in his quest to rescue Princess Zelda. Early in the game, Link arrives in the town of Ruto, where he can enter a house inhabited by a bearded man with purple attire. If the player approaches him, he announces: "I AM ERROR."

Many puzzled gamers believed the cryptic phrase to be a translation mistake or a glitch within the game, but it is actually neither. The line is a correct English translation of the original Japanese text Ore no na wa Erā da... (オレノナハ エラー ダ...), of which a more precise translation would be "My name is Error...".[nb 1][1] Initially, the character does not say anything else. However, when the player advances to the harbor town of Mido, a man there advises Link to "Ask Error of Ruto about the Palace". If the player then goes back to Error, he provides Link with a clue about how to gain access to the Island Palace, the game's third dungeon.

While no official explanation from Nintendo exists regarding the origin of the Erā/Error character, his name is widely believed to have been an in-joke from the game's programmers. Aside from Error, the game also features a character named Bagu (バグ), meaning "[software] bug". Bagu/Bug lives near Error, residing in a house hidden in a forest south of Ruto. The two characters look identical, except that Error wears a purple tunic, while Bug's tunic is red. It is therefore assumed that one of the developers named one character Error and another one Bug, so as having the two men form a humorous thematic connection within the game's universe.[1][2][3] When the game was translated to English, the name Erā was (correctly) translated to Error, but the name Bagu was not translated to Bug, leading Official Nintendo Magazine to conclude: "In reality, then, Bagu is the mistake, because his name was translated wrongly and should have been Bug. So there."[4]

Translator Clyde Mandelin wrote that the "I am Error" quote is often incorrectly believed to be a translation mistake, and is even considered "one of the biggest mistranslations of early NES games", even though it is not actually a mistranslation.[1] Another incorrect notion about Error is that his name is a typo and should have been Errol.[5][6][7][8] The original Japanese text proves this wrong though. The reason for the phrase often being considered a translation or spelling mistake is likely because many early games from the 1980s and 90s, including the first Zelda game, were rife with mistranslations and poor English prose ('Engrish').[2] A well known example of this is "All your base are belong to us" from Zero Wing (1989).[9]


Around 2000, "I am Error" became an early Internet meme. According to Ben Huh, founder of Cheezburger Inc., the meme was inspired by the successful "All your base are belong to us" meme, which in turn inspired a number of memes based on 'Engrish' quotes from old games, such as "A Winner is You" (from the NES game Pro Wrestling).[9] The "All your base" joke is believed to have sprung up in 1998 and surged in popularity in 2000-2001, giving some indication of when the "I am Error" meme must have originated.[10]

Despite being a minor NPC, Error has become part of the NES folklore and has been mentioned in several media. For example, VideoGamer's Emily Gera included him in a list of the "oddest character names in games", describing him as "[p]ossibly one of the most well known minor characters of all time".[11] GamesRadar+ included his phrase in a list of the 40 most repeated quotes.[12] GameSpot mentioned the phrase in an article discussing poor translation in video games, incorrectly calling it a 'translation oddity'.[13] IGN included it in their list of the worst in-game quotes at number two. The editor joked that the 'mystery' of Error "ranked up with Sasquatch and the Loch Ness Monster".[14] The Escapist's Brett Staebell called Error a "pioneer in game humorology", and used the quote as the subtitle for his article.[15] A Nintendo Life review for Castlevania II: Simon's Quest noted that the game has "an 'I AM ERROR'-esque script", likening the game's garbled translation to the phrase.[16]

From approximately 2012 to 2015, the 404 page of nintendo.co.uk stated "I AM ERROR", along with a picture of the character.[17] At E3 2014, the Nintendo Treehouse's presentation of Super Smash Bros. for Wii U displayed an error page based on the "I am Error" scene after experiencing technical difficulties.[18]

In 2015, MIT Press published a platform studies on the Nintendo Famicom / Entertainment System, titled "I Am Error".[19]

On day 2 of the 2019 Nintendo E3 Treehouse presentation, an "I AM ERROR" technical difficulties screen was also shown, as a result of a brief power outage within the South-Hall at E3.[20][21]

Appearances in other video games[edit]

Super Paper Mario (2007) features a boss battle against a character named Fracktail, a robotic dragon. It is at one point hacked, which causes it to utter several confused lines, including "I AM ERROR. PRESS ANY KEY TO RESTART."[22] An achievement in Guacamelee! (2013) was given the title "I AM ERROR".[23] Zeno Clash II (2013) also features it as an achievement title.[24] The quote is featured in Fossil Fighters: Champions (2010).[25] Video game designer Edmund McMillen put references to the quote in two of his games: Time Fcuk and The Binding of Isaac.[26][27] In Splatoon 2 (2017), Pearl says "I AM ERROR" when her Team Retro loses the Splatfest to Marina's Team Modern.[28]


  1. ^ Due to space considerations, the original Japanese version of this line was rendered in single-byte katakana rather than double-byte Shift JIS characters as would be expected for standard Japanese writing.


  1. ^ a b c Mandelin, Clyde (2013-06-20). "What's up with The "I am Error" Guy in Zelda II?". Legends of Localization. Archived from the original on 2018-01-13.
  2. ^ a b Altice, Nathan (2015). I Am Error: The Nintendo Family Computer / Entertainment System Platform. Platform Studies. MIT Press. pp. 1–2. ISBN 9780262328401.
  3. ^ Let's Play Zelda II #2 - I Am Error (YouTube video). BaltisMC. 2013-05-29. See 2:30 for Error and 6:34 for Bagu.
  4. ^ East, Thomas (2012-12-18). "22 classic gaming mistakes". Official Nintendo Magazine. Archived from the original on 2012-12-23.
  5. ^ Kaluszka, Aaron (2011-05-29). "A Legacy of Personality: The Characters of the Legend of Zelda". Nintendo World Report. Archived from the original on 2014-05-02.
  6. ^ Gera, Emily (2010-12-16). "Oddest Character Names in Games". VideoGamer.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. ^ Kyle (2013-10-15). "MAJORA'S MEMES – I AM ERROR". Zelda Dungeon. Archived from the original on 2018-01-12.
  8. ^ Spencer (2006-06-07). "Everyone's favorite Zelda II error gets his own game". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.
  9. ^ a b Huh, Ben (2014-03-12). "10 classic memes that owned the Internet". CNN. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13.
  10. ^ "Time Line - All Your Base Are Belong to Us". Frogstar.com. Archived from the original on 2010-02-23.
  11. ^ Gera, Emily (2010-12-16). "Oddest Character Names in Games". VideoGamer.com. Archived from the original on 2014-05-02.
  12. ^ Wilde, Tyler (2012-06-23). "The 40 most repeated game quotes". GamesRadar+. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  13. ^ Gamespot Staff (2007-02-14). "Un-Valentine's Day: Game Stuff We Love to Hate". GameSpot. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  14. ^ IGN Staff (2006-04-18). "Top 10 Tuesday: Worst In-Game Quotes". IGN. Archived from the original on 2014-07-20.
  15. ^ Staebell, Brett (2009-09-22). "A Comedy of Errors". The Escapist. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  16. ^ Sleeper, Morgan (2014-01-22). "Castlevania II: Simon's Quest". Nintendo Life. Archived from the original on 2017-09-05.
  17. ^ Archived versions of the page: 1, 2.
  18. ^ Nintendo Treehouse: Live @ E3 2014 -- Day 2: Super Smash Bros. for Wii U (YouTube video). Nintendo. 2014-06-12. Event occurs at 28:37.
  19. ^ Altice, Nathan (May 2015). I Am Error. https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/i-am-error: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262028776.
  20. ^ McWhertor, Michael (2019-06-12). "When the power went out at E3, Nintendo was prepared". Polygon. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  21. ^ "Partial Power Outage Hits E3, Cuts Off Demos and Streams". WWG. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  22. ^ Zablotny, Marc (2012-12-04). "9 amazing Paper Mario facts and secrets". Official Nintendo Magazine. Archived from the original on 2012-12-13.
  23. ^ Hilliard, Kyle (2013-12-27). "The Best Achievements And Trophies Of 2013". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2018-01-13.
  24. ^ "Zeno Clash II". GameRankings. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  25. ^ Moehnke, Mike. "Fossil Fighters: Champions - Staff Review". RPGamer. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.
  26. ^ McMillen, Edmund (2009-11-22). "Time Fcuk - A Postmortem". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.
  27. ^ "If you only wear black t-shirts, why is the I AM ERROR guy dressed in purple? I though purple was a thing of your past (not that it's important)". EdmundM.com. Archived from the original on 2014-10-29.
  28. ^ "Retro vs. Modern". splatoonwiki.org. Archived from the original on 2018-09-23.