Ia of Cornwall
Drawing of the 1914 Window depicting Ia of Cornwall in St Olafs' church Ploughill
|Venerated in||Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion and other Churches|
|Patronage||St Ia's Church, St Ives|
Saint Ia of Cornwall (also known as Eia, Hia or Hya) was an evangelist and martyr of the 5th or 6th centuries in Cornwall. She is said to have been an Irish princess, the sister of Erc of Slane and a student of Saint Baricus.
Ia went to the seashore to depart for Cornwall from her native Ireland along with other saints. Finding that they had gone without her, fearing that she was too young for such a hazardous journey, she was grief-stricken and began to pray. As she prayed, she noticed a small leaf floating on the water and touched it with a rod to see if it would sink. As she watched, it grew bigger and bigger. Trusting God, she embarked upon the leaf and was carried across the Irish Sea. She reached Cornwall before the others, where she joined Saint Gwinear and Felec of Cornwall.
Legend holds that they had up to 777 companions. She is said to have founded an oratory in a clearing in a wood on the site of the existing Parish Church that is dedicated to her. Ia was martyred under "King Teudar" (i.e., Tewdwr Mawr of Penwith) on the River Hayle and buried at what is now St Ives, where St Ia's Church—of which she is now the patron saint—was erected over her grave. The town built up around it. Her feast day is 3 February.
- "The History of St. Ives", St. Ives Tourist Association
- Orme, Nicholas (1992). Nicholas Roscarrock's Lives of the Saints: Cornwall and Devon. New Series. 35. Devon and Cornwall Record Society. pp. 139–40. ISBN 0-901853-35-6.
- : R A Ogden, An Unknown Planet?, 2008, Park Corner Press, Warrington, p 41
- Doble, Gilbert Hunter (1960). The Saints of Cornwall. pp. 89–94.