Anderson performing in Milan, Italy, 2006
|Birth name||Ian Scott Anderson|
|Born||10 August 1947|
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
|Origin||Blackpool, Lancashire, England|
|Genres||Progressive rock, folk rock, hard rock, blues rock|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, singer-songwriter|
|Labels||Chrysalis, Fuel 2000, RandM, Angel, EMI|
|Associated acts||Jethro Tull, Roy Harper, Dave Pegg, David Goodier, Doane Perry, Peter-John Vettese, Andrew Giddings, Martin Barre, Steven Wilson, Toto, Scott Hammond|
Ian Scott Anderson MBE (born 10 August 1947) is a Scottish-born musician, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work as the lead vocalist, flautist and acoustic guitarist of British rock band Jethro Tull. Anderson plays several other musical instruments, including keyboards, bass guitar, bouzouki, balalaika, saxophone, harmonica, and a variety of whistles. His solo work began with the 1983 album Walk into Light, and since then he has released another five works, including the sequel to the Jethro Tull album Thick as a Brick (1972) in 2012, entitled Thick as a Brick 2.
Ian Anderson was born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, the youngest of three brothers. His father, James Anderson, ran the RSA Boiler Fluid Company in East Port, Dunfermline. Anderson spent the first part of his childhood in Edinburgh. He was influenced by his father's big band and jazz records and the emergence of rock music, but was disenchanted with the "show biz" style of early American rock and roll stars like Elvis Presley.
His family moved to Blackpool, Lancashire, England, in 1959, where he was educated at Blackpool Grammar School. In a 2011 interview, Anderson said he was asked to leave grammar school for refusing to submit to corporal punishment (still permitted at that time). He studied fine art at Blackpool College of Art from 1964 to 1966 while living in Lytham St Annes.
In 1963, he formed The Blades from among school friends: Michael Stephens (guitar), John Evan (keyboards), Jeffrey Hammond (bass) and Barriemore Barlow (drums). This was a soul and blues band, with Anderson on vocals and harmonica – he had yet to take up the flute. They played their first show at the Holy Family Church Hall in North Shore.
In late 1967, Anderson was still holding down a day job, namely cleaning the Ritz Cinema in Luton, including the toilets, in the mornings, "which took me half the day" he said in a later interview. He took an old, chipped urinal from the cinema storeroom and had it for a time after leaving the job. It was not, however, the urinal which "was bolted to the side of John Evan's Hammond organ on stage" and figured in early 1970s Tull performances.
At this time Anderson abandoned his ambition to play electric guitar, allegedly because he felt he would never be "as good as Eric Clapton". As he himself tells it in the introduction to the video Nothing Is Easy: Live at the Isle of Wight 1970, he traded his electric guitar in for a flute which, after some weeks of practice, he found he could play fairly well in a rock and blues style. According to the sleeve notes for the first Tull album, This Was (1968), he had been playing the flute only a few months when the album was recorded. His guitar practice did not go to waste either, as he continued to play acoustic guitar, using it as a melodic and rhythmic instrument. As his career progressed, he added soprano saxophone, mandolin, keyboards and other instruments to his arsenal.
His tendency to stand on one leg while playing the flute came about by accident, as he had been inclined to stand on one leg while playing the harmonica, holding the microphone stand for balance. Anderson was known for his famous one-legged flute stance, and was once referred to as a "deranged flamingo". This stance is on many album covers of Jethro Tull. During a long stint at the Marquee Club, a journalist described him, wrongly, as standing on one leg to play the flute, when in fact he was originally playing the harmonica on one leg. He decided to live up to the reputation, albeit with some difficulty. His early attempts are visible in The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus (1968) film appearance of Jethro Tull. This was referenced in the facetious liner notes for Thick as a Brick in a quote about "the one-legged pop flautist, Ian Anderson".
Anderson already wished to start a solo career in 1980, when Jethro Tull was going to take a break after John Glascock's death. He wrote the album A as a solo record, but Martin Barre and Dave Pegg's participation led the album to be released under the Jethro Tull name, causing the old band to split. His first official solo album was Walk into Light, in 1983, in which Peter-John Vettese played an important role in the electronic direction of the music.
In the 1990s he began working with simple bamboo flutes. He uses techniques such as over-blowing and hole-shading to produce note-slurring and other expressive techniques on this otherwise simple instrument. Anderson said that around this time his daughter began taking flute lessons and noticed his fingering was incorrect, prompting him to relearn the instrument with the correct fingering. In 1995, Anderson released his second solo album, Divinities: Twelve Dances with God, an instrumental work composed of twelve flute-heavy pieces pursuing varied themes with an underlying motif. The album was recorded with Jethro Tull keyboard player Andrew Giddings and orchestral musicians. Anderson released two further song-based solo albums, The Secret Language of Birds in 2000 and Rupi's Dance in 2003. In 2003, Anderson recorded a composition called "Griminelli's Lament", in honour of his friend, the Italian flutist Andrea Griminelli.
In 2011, with the end of Jethro Tull touring, and the question of his friend Derek Shulman (whatever happened to Gerald Bostock?), Anderson begun to produce a sequel to Thick as a Brick (1972), entitled Thick as a Brick 2 or TAAB2, was released on 3 April 2012. It is billed as being performed by Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson instead of being a Jethro Tull album proper. Anderson toured performing both albums in their entirety. A trailer for TAAB2 was posted on YouTube.
Anderson released a new album, Homo Erraticus, in May 2014. He described it as a progressive rock concept album blending rock, folk, and metal music. Peaking at No. 14 in the UK Albums Chart it is his most successful ever solo album.
In September 2017, Anderson announced plans for a tour to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of This Was, and a new studio album in 2019. The band line-up includes Anderson, Hammond, Opahle, O'Hara, and Goodier (all musicians of Anderson's solo band since 2012), with Barre absent from the lineup.
On 2 January 2018, Ian Anderson published a New Year post on jethrotull.com, including a picture of Anderson with the caption "IA in the studio working on a new album for release March 2019. Shhhh; keep it a secret..."
On 1 June 2018, Parlophone Records released a new (50-track) career collection celebrating the Jethro Tull's 50th anniversary featuring all 21 Tull albums, named 50 for 50. In the notes of the 50 for 50 booklet it is said that the new album scheduled for 2019 will be a solo record by Ian Anderson and not a new album by Jethro Tull.
In recognition of his lifelong contribution to popular music, Anderson received two honours in 2006: the Ivor Novello Award for International Achievement and an honorary Doctorate of Literature at Heriot-Watt University, on 11 July 2006 
Musical collaborations and other work
Anderson produced Steeleye Span's 1974 album Now We Are Six, as well as appearing on and producing Steeleye Span member Maddy Prior's first solo album Woman in the Wings (1978), for which Jethro Tull made most instrumental contributions.
Anderson appeared as a guest on the song "All Along You Knew" from The Big Prize (1985), the second album by Canadian rock band Honeymoon Suite. This followed Jethro Tull's 1984 tour, on which Honeymoon Suite was one of the opening acts. Also in 1984, Anderson, along with Martin Barre, Dave Pegg and Peter-John Vettese recorded album A Classic Case with the London Symphony Orchestra, performing a selection of music from Jethro Tull. He was also a DJ on radio station Planet Rock, presenting his own two-hour show Under the Influence. He also appeared on stage with Joe Bonamassa playing Jethro Tull song "A New Day Yesterday" at the Hammersmith Apollo in May 2010.
Anderson plays flute on the Men Without Hats song "On Tuesday" from their album Pop Goes the World (1987), and on the Blackmore's Night song "Play, Minstrel, Play" from their debut album Shadow of the Moon (1997).
Anderson performs as a special guest on two Uriah Heep live albums: Acoustically Driven (2001) and Electrically Driven (2001), on both performing the same two songs of Uriah Heep repertoire: "Circus" and "Blind Eye".
Anderson plays flute on the track "Portmeirion" on Fairport Convention's 2001 album XXXV. Anderson has performed with Fairport Convention at their annual Cropredy Festival on several occasions since the mid-1980s, when their bass player Dave Pegg was also a member of Jethro Tull.
In April 2011, Anderson performed a flute duet with astronaut Cady Coleman, during her mission aboard the International Space Station, in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first manned spaceflight by Yuri Gagarin.
Anderson played the flute on the track "Cannonball" by The Darkness on their 2012 album, Hot Cakes. He played the flute on the track "Cry to the World" by Renaissance on their 2013 album, Grandine il vento. He also played the flute on "The Ocean at the End", the title track from The Tea Party's 2014 album.
Family and personal life
Anderson married Shona Learoyd in 1976, described by Rolling Stone magazine as a "beautiful convent-educated daughter of a wealthy wool manufacturer". She had studied ballet for 10 years, though when Anderson met her she was working as a press officer at Jethro Tull's record label at the time, Chrysalis Records. She later became involved with the band's on-stage special effects.
The couple have lived in a 16th-century redbrick farmhouse on the 500-acre (2.0 km2) Pophleys Estate in Radnage, England, in Kilmarie House on their Strathaird Estate on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, as well as a short time in Montreux, Switzerland. They currently live in Wiltshire, England, and have a house again in Switzerland, near Montreux. They have two children: James Duncan Anderson, also a musician; and Gael, who works in the film industry and is married to actor Andrew Lincoln, star of the US TV drama series The Walking Dead.
Among his interests, Anderson lists protecting wild cats, especially those that have been rescued from harsh captivity; cameras, chiefly Leicas; and Indian cuisine – he has written a beginner's guide, thus far published only on the internet.
Other business activities
Anderson is a director of four companies: Jethro Tull Production Limited, Calliandra Productions Limited, Ian Anderson Limited, and the Ian Anderson Group of Companies Limited.
|Year||Name||Label||Peak chart position|
|1983||Walk into Light||Chrysalis/EMI Records||202||78|
|1995||Divinities: Twelve Dances with God||Angel/EMI Records|
|2000||The Secret Language of Birds||Fuel 2000/Varèse Sarabande/Universal Records||26|
|2003||Rupi's Dance||RandM Records||40|
|2012||Thick as a Brick 2 ||Chrysalis/EMI Records||55||35||13|
|2014||Homo Erraticus ||Kscope||111||14||13|
|Year||Name||Label||Peak chart position|
|2005||Ian Anderson Plays the Orchestral Jethro Tull||ZYX Music||68 (CD)|
|2014||Thick as a Brick - Live in Iceland||Eagle Rock||22|
- Honeymoon Suite (band): The Big Prize (1986); Anderson plays flute on "All Along You Knew"
- The Six and Violence: Lettuce Prey (Fist Records, 1990); Anderson plays on "Bursting Bladder" and "Theological Guns"
- Blackmore's Night: Shadow of the Moon (Edel, 1997); Anderson plays flute on "Play Minstrel Play"
- James Taylor Quartet: Room at the Top (Sanctuary Records, 2002); Anderson plays flute on "Free"
- Magellan (band): Hundred Year Flood (Magna Carta Records, 2002); Anderson plays flute on "Family Jewels"
- Billy Sherwood: Back Against the Wall (Cleopatra Records, 2005); Anderson plays flute and sings lead vocals on "Thin Thin Ice" and plays flute on "Is There Anybody Out There?"
- Unnur Birna: Sunshine (feat. Ian Anderson) (2013); Anderson plays flute on "Sunshine"
- Boris Grebenshchikov: Salt (2014); Anderson plays flute on "Любовь во время войны"
- Renaissance (band): Symphony of Light (2014); Anderson plays flute on "Cry to the World"
- Tiles (band): Pretending 2 Run (Laser's Edge, 2016); Anderson plays flute on "Midwinter"
- "The Entertainers – Brothers score stage success". Dunfermline Press. TullPress.com. 19 October 1979. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Ian Anderson (2 of 11) – The Formative Years". YouTube. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- Nollen, Scott Allen. Jethro Tull: A History of the Band, 1968–2001, p. 23. McFarland, 2001. ISBN 0-7864-1101-5
- "Ian Anderson on Studio 4 with Host Fanny Kiefer Part 1 of 2". YouTube. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- "Chance to share your Jethro Tull memories". www.blackpoolgazette.co.uk. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
- Wiser, Carl, "Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull" (interview), Songfacts, n.d. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Hume, Paul, and Richard Harrington. "Performing Arts: Philadelphia Orchestra Jethro Tull". The Washington Post 22 November 1997: B6. WP Company LLC D/b/a The Washington Post. Web. 5 October 2014.
- "Interview With Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson (CLCI Webzine 17 March 2018)". YouTube. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Jethro Tull Flutist Reforms Technique". 12 November 1993. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson On Thick As A Brick 2, The Grammys And More - American Songwriter". American Songwriter.
- "Official TAAB 2 trailer". YouTube.com.
- "Jethro Tull Tickets". Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "TIME Magazine Cover: Pop Records – Feb. 12, 1973". Time. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Annual Review 2006 : People, Honours and Awards". www1.hw.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "No. 58557". The London Gazette. 29 December 2007. p. 13.
- "Abertay University graduation to celebrate student successes" (Press release). University of Abertay Dundee. 7 July 2011. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "Prog Awards 2013 – The Winners!". Prog Rock Magazine. 3 September 2013. Archived from the original on 5 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Roy Harper Ian Anderson's primary musical influence". Classicrockmagazine.com. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Space flutes salute Yuri Gagarin". theregister.co.uk. 12 April 2011.
- "JEFF The Brotherhood – "Black Cherry Pie" (Feat. Ian Anderson)". Stereogum.
- Who is Jennie Anderson, the person credited on the Aqualung album as the author of the title track? Archived 22 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Jethro Tull FAQ. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "Rock's heaviest breather is Ian Anderson". tullpress.com. 21 March 1977. Archived from the original on 18 July 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Ian Anderson". Jethro Tull. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Ian Anderson. "Confessions of a DVT victim and ten steps for survival". jethrotull.com. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Ian Anderson. "Indian Food Guide". j-tull.com. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Ian Anderson's Diary – January 2007". IanAnderson.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "Strathaird Salmon Ltd". macrae.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 October 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- Anstead, By Mark. "Fame & Fortune: Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "Ian Scott Anderson". Companies House. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 23. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Thick As a Brick 2: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock". jtull.com. Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "Homo Erraticus – The New Studio Album from Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson". jtull.com. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
- "Jethro Tull - The String Quartets". jethrotull.com. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "The Six & Violence | The Jethro Tull Forum". jethrotull.proboards.com. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- "Ian Anderson featured on Unnur Birna's 'Sunshine' - Jethro Tull". Jethro Tull. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ian Anderson.|
- Official website: http://jethrotull.com/
- Ian Anderson on IMDb
- Ian Anderson's biography by Stephen Thomas Erlewine, discography and album reviews, credits & releases at AllMusic.com
- Ian Anderson's discography, album releases & credits at Discogs.com
- Ian Anderson's biography, discography, album credits & user reviews at ProgArchives.com
- Ian Anderson's solo albums to be listened as stream at Play.Spotify.com