Ian Hamilton (critic)
Robert Ian Hamilton
24 March 1938
King's Lynn, Norfolk, England
|Died||27 December 2001 (aged 63)|
Robert Ian Hamilton (24 March 1938 – 27 December 2001) was a British literary critic, reviewer, biographer, poet, magazine editor and publisher.
Early life and education
A keen soccer player, at the age of 15 Hamilton was diagnosed with a heart complaint. Unable to play games, he developed his interest in poetry. At the age of 17, in sixth form at Darlington Grammar School, Hamilton produced two issues of his own magazine, which was called The Scorpion. For the second issue he sent a questionnaire to various literary figures in London asking if there was any advice they could give young authors. Around fifty or so replies were received from figures such as Louis Golding. After leaving school, Hamilton did his National Service in Mönchengladbach, Germany. He then attended Keble College, Oxford, and within a year started a magazine Tomorrow. The first issues were patchy, but the magazine grew in confidence, publishing an early play by Harold Pinter in its fourth and final issue.
In 1962 Hamilton started The Review magazine, with Michael Fried, John Fuller, and Colin Falck. The Review became the most influential postwar British poetry magazine, publishing a wide variety of writers and both short and long pieces. It ran until its 10th anniversary issue in 1972.
In 1964 The Review published a pamphlet of Hamilton's poems entitled Pretending Not to Sleep. It was one of three pamphlets that made up issue no. 13 of The Review.
In 1965, to make ends meet, Hamilton took a three-day-a-week job at the Times Literary Supplement, which soon grew to be the position of Poetry and Fiction Editor, a post he held until 1973.
In 1970 Faber and Faber published The Visit, a slender book of Hamilton's poems. This was a somewhat reworked and expanded version of the 1964 pamphlet. The thirty-three poems contained in The Visit all reflect Hamilton's concise writing style. Hamilton subsequently spoke about the relationship between the stressful circumstances of his personal life – in particular the mental illness of his wife – and the brevity of the poems. "You had to keep your control however bad things were; you had to be in charge. And I suppose the perfect poem became something that had to contain the maximum amount of control – and of suffering."
In 1974 Hamilton started The New Review, a large-format glossy magazine. Its first issue was 100 pages and featured many well-known writers. Again it was influential in literary circles, and encouraged younger writers. But the magazine depended on Arts Council funding, and when that stopped, four and half years and 50 issues later, it closed. Hamilton then wrote freelance, including regularly for the New Statesman.
In 1976 another pamphlet of poems appeared, entitled Returning. It contained twelve new poems.
After his friend poet Robert Lowell died in 1977 Hamilton wrote a biography of him, which was well received. Encouraged by that, Hamilton began writing a biography and critique of J. D. Salinger. Famously averse to publicity, Salinger took legal action in Salinger v. Random House to prevent the book being published and was successful in denying Hamilton the right to quote from his letters or paraphrase them. Hamilton, however, was able to incorporate these frustrations into the book, entitled In Search of J.D. Salinger.
In 1988 Faber published a new collection of his verse: Fifty Poems. This included the poems previously published in The Visit, together with eleven of the poems from Returning and six new poems. In the preface Hamilton wrote: "Fifty poems in twenty-five years: not much to show for half a lifetime, you might think. And in certain moods, I would agree." Ten years later Faber published Sixty Poems, again matching his age, and these also incorporated earlier poems.
In 1989 he guest-edited the second number of the literary magazine Soho Square, published by Bloomsbury.
His experience with Salinger inspired Keepers of the Flame, Hamilton's 1992 book about the history of literary estates and unofficial biographers. His love of football led him to write Gazza Agonistes and Gazza Italia in 1993 and 1994, about Paul Gascoigne's seemingly wasted talent.
In 1999 Cargo Press published Another Round At The Pillars, a collection of "essays, poems and reflections on Ian Hamilton" to celebrate his 60th birthday, with contributions from a range of prominent authors and poets such as Julian Barnes, Ian McEwan, Harold Pinter and Clive James.
HIs final book, in 2002, was Against Oblivion: some lives of the Twentieth Century Poets. Taking Samuel Johnson as his inspiration, he chose forty-five dead twentieth-century poets and assessed their achievement with his customary economy and wit. The book was published posthumously.
Hamilton died of cancer in 2001 in London. His first wife, Gisela Dietzel, and their son Matthew Hamilton survive him, as does his second wife Ahdaf Soueif and their two sons, and his long-term partner, Patricia Wheatley, by whom he had a son and daughter, Catherine and William Hamilton.
In 2002 Between the Lines published Ian Hamilton in Conversation with Dan Jacobson, in which the novelist and academic Dan Jacobson interviewed Hamilton about his life and career.
A selection of Hamilton's books by other poets were donated to Keble College, Oxford, where they are accessible to students as the Ian Hamilton Poetry Library.
- Pretending Not to Sleep (1964), poetry pamphlet
- The Visit (1970), poetry book
- A Poetry Chronicle (1973), essays and reviews
- Returning (1976), poetry pamphlet
- The Little Magazines: A Study of Six Editors (1976)
- Robert Lowell: A Biography (1982)
- In Search of J.D. Salinger (1988), biography and critique
- Fifty Poems (1988), poetry collection
- Writers in Hollywood 1915–1951 (1990)
- Keepers of the Flame (1992), on literary estates
- Gazza Agonistes (1993), on Paul Gascoigne
- Gazza Italia (1994), on Paul Gascoigne
- Walking Possession (1994), essays and reviews
- Oxford Companion to 20th-Century Poetry (1994), as editor
- Steps (1997), poetry
- A Gift Imprisoned: The Poetic Life of Matthew Arnold (1998)
- Sixty Poems (1998), poetry collection
- The Trouble with Money (1998), essays
- Against Oblivion: Some Lives of the Twentieth-Century Poets (2002)
- "Interviews with Poets: A Note on Ian Hamilton". Interviews-with-poets.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2005.
- Morrison, Blake (28 December 2001). "Ian Hamilton Obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- Jacobson, Dan (14 January 2002). "You Muddy Fools". London Review of Books (Interview). Retrieved 13 April 2015.