Ian Ogilvy-Grant, 8th Earl of Seafield

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"Sheep". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1883.

Ian Charles Ogilvy-Grant, 8th Earl of Seafield (7 October 1851 – 31 March 1884) was a Scottish nobleman. He is numbered as the 27th Chief of Clan Grant.[1] [2]

Genealogy[edit]

Seafield was the only child of John Charles Ogilvy-Grant, 7th Earl of Seafield and his wife the Hon. Caroline Stuart. During his minority he was entitled Viscount Reidhaven and Master of Grant. He succeeded his father as Earl of Seafield and Chief of Grant in 1881.[3] [4] [5]

The main residence for Ian Charles, as for his father and mother, was Cullen House in Cullen; Castle Grant, the traditional seat of the Clan Grant, was also occupied when his Strathspey estates were visited.

As he was unmarried and had no children, by a will made in 1882[6] Ian Charles left his mother as the heir to his estates: Lady Caroline, the Countess Dowager, therefore was proprietor of the Seafield and Grant Estates until her death in 1911. Meanwhile the 8th Earl's titles of honour were inherited by his uncle, James Ogilvy-Grant, 9th Earl of Seafield who was otherwise the nearest male heir. The Seafield title was thus for some generations separated from the lands and properties that had maintained it. This situation had been made possible because the 7th Earl, John Charles, had completed the legal procedure of disentailing the estate.[7]

Public Service[edit]

After education at Eton, Ian Charles received a commission as cornet and sub-lieutenant in the First Regiment of Life Guards on 8 December 1869; he was promoted lieutenant in October 1871 and retired from the army in 1877.[8]

On succeeding to his father's seat in the House of Lords, Lord Seafield adhered to the Conservative Party. In the pamphlet published 'In Memoriam' on his death, the editors wrote:[9]

Though a constitutionalist, he was by no means a Tory of the old school. From his earliest years he took a most active part, in every political movement. He knew we live in a progressive age, and that as the nation advances in intelligence, by means of education, certain reforms become necessary, and when the proper time arrives, ought to be carried out. What he did most strenuously object to was hasty legislation, and especially legislation which might lead to the disintegration of the Empire, and to lowering of the National prestige abroad. The attempt to admit an avowed Atheist to the House of Commons was utterly repugnant to his whole nature, and no one rejoiced more than he did at the exclusion of that Atheist. ( Charles Bradlaugh )

Like his father, Ian Charles was ordained as an elder of the Church of Scotland for the Parish of Inverallan and in the Presbytery of Abernethy. He was due to attend the General Assembly of 1884 as a Commissioner for Abernethy when he died. 'In Memoriam' covered this area of his life:[10]

On many public occasions he avowed his adherence to the principle involved in a National recognition of Religion. His regard for the Church of Scotland was profound. It was evidenced by his becoming one of her active Office-bearers, and, had his life been spared, he would during the past Session of the General Assembly, have taken his seat therein, as a member of that Venerable House.

Memorials[edit]

After the death of her son, Ian Charles, Lady Seafield's priorities as Countess Dowager, besides overseeing the management of her estates, were to 'take steps for the perpetuation of (her son's) memory and that of her husband in schemes of enduring utility'.[11] The first of these was a public hospital for Strathspey, named the Ian Charles in his memory:[12]

Thus, fifteen months after his death, in May 1885 there was opened at Grantown-on-Spey the Ian Charles Hospital. The erection and endowment of such a hospital had been arranged by the Countess Dowager and her son. It had been little more than founded when the Earl died, and his sorrowing mother brought the undertaking to a completion. All who know the capital of Strathspey know the place well.... The hospital was and is fitted with all necessary conveniences and comforts for the treatment and care of the sick, and has been of untold benefit to the Speyside district of the Seafield estates.

The Church of Scotland parish church in Grantown-on-Spey is named ‘The Seafield Memorial Church’, having been erected (on the site of predecessors) at a cost of £7000 by Caroline Stuart, Countess of Seafield, in memory of both her husband John Charles and her son, Ian Charles; it opened on 1st May 1886.[13]

The 8th Earl of Seafield is buried at the Seafield Mausoleum at Duthil Old Parish Church and Churchyard, just outside the village of Duthil, Inverness-shire.

Note on the names Grant and Ogilvie[edit]

The family of Grant of Grant, on succeeding in 1811 to the Earldom of Seafield, first adopted the surname of Grant-Ogilvie, otherwise Grant-Ogilvy. This order was later reversed, so that Lord Cassillis' history, 'The Rulers of Strathspey' (1911) names the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Earls as Grant-Ogilvie but all their successors from Sir James, 9th Earl, as Ogilvie-Grant.[14] Sir William Fraser's 'The Chiefs of Grant' (1884) preferred the style of Grant of Grant and Lord Ogilvie of Deskford and Cullen for both the 5th and 6th Earls; his article on the 7th Earl is named Sir John Charles Grant Ogilvie but the accompanying portrait is named Sir John Charles Ogilvie Grant, Baronet, Seventh Earl of Seafield etc.[15] For the sake of consistency, historical works and articles (including this series) often retrospectively reassign the spelling and order of these family names.

In 2017 The family name of the Earl of Seafield is Ogilvie-Grant according to the Seafield Estates.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.clangrant.org/index.aspx?pid=19 Accessed April 2017.
  2. ^ Ruvigny et Raineval, Melville Henry Massue (2003) [First published in 1904]. The Jacobite Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Grants of Honour, Extracted, by Permission, from the Stuart Papers Now in Possession of His Majesty the King at Windsor Castle, and Supplemented by Biographical and Genealogical Notes. Baltimore. p. 62. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  3. ^ In Memoriam Ian Charles Eight Earl of Seafield, Twenty-Seventh Chief of the Clan Grant, Inscribed and Presented to The Tenant and Friends of her Son by the Countess Dowager of Seafield. Inverness: The Northern Chronicle Office. 1884. pp. 1–5.  Accessed (2017) via archive.org.
  4. ^ Cassillis, The Earl of (1911). The Rulers of Strathspey. Inverness: The Northern Counties Newspaper and Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd. pp. 167–69.  Accessed (2017) via archive.org.
  5. ^ Strathspey, The Rt. Hon. Lord (1983). A History of Clan Grant. Chichester, Sussex: Phillimore & Co. Ltd. pp. 43–4. 
  6. ^ Strathspey 1983, pp. 104-05.
  7. ^ Strathspey 1983, pp. 42-60.
  8. ^ Fraser, Sir William (1884). Chiefs of Grant. Edinburgh. p. 495.  Accessed (2017) via archive.org.
  9. ^ In Memoriam Ian Charles Eighth Earl of Seafield, Twenty-Seventh Chief of the Clan Grant, p.3.
  10. ^ In Memoriam Ian Charles Eighth Earl of Seafield, Twenty-Seventh Chief of the Clan Grant, pp.2-3.
  11. ^ Strathspey 1983, pp. 48.
  12. ^ Anonymous 1911, pp. 17.
  13. ^ http://www.inverallanparishchurch.org.uk/ . Accessed April 2017.
  14. ^ Cassillis, The Earl of (1911). The Rulers of Strathspey. Inverness: The Northern Counties Newspaper and Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd. pp. 167–69.  Accessed (2017) via archive.org.
  15. ^ Fraser, Sir William (1884). The Chiefs of Grant. Edinburgh. p. 487.  Accessed (2017) via archive.org.
  16. ^ Family History section of the Seafield Estate website, accessed April 2017

External links[edit]

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John Charles Ogilvy-Grant
Earl of Seafield
1881–1884
Succeeded by
James Ogilvy-Grant