|Birth name||Ian Dawson Tyson|
|Born||25 September 1933|
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
|Origin||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Genres||Country, folk, Western, Americana|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, producer, arranger|
|Labels||Stony Plain, A&M|
|Associated acts||Ian & Sylvia, Great Speckled Bird|
Early life and education
Tyson was born to British immigrants in Victoria, and grew up in Duncan B.C. A rodeo rider in his late teens and early twenties, he took up the guitar while recovering from an injury he sustained in a fall. He has named fellow Canadian country artist Wilf Carter as a musical influence. He made his singing debut at the Heidelberg Café in Vancouver in 1956 and played with a rock and roll band, The Sensational Stripes. He graduated from the Vancouver School of Art in 1958.
After graduation, Tyson moved to Toronto where he began a job as a commercial artist. There he performed in local clubs and in 1959 began to sing on occasion with Sylvia Fricker. By early 1959 Tyson and Fricker were performing part-time at the Village Corner as Ian & Sylvia. The pair became a full-time musical act in 1961 and married three years later. In 1969, they formed and fronted the group The Great Speckled Bird. Residing in southern Alberta, the Tysons toured all over the world. During their years together, the pair released 13 albums of folk and country music.
From 1970 to 1975, Tyson hosted a national television program, The Ian Tyson Show, on CTV, known as Nashville North in its first season. Sylvia Tyson and the Great Speckled Bird appeared often on the series.
In 1980, Tyson became associated with Calgary music manager and producer Neil MacGonigill. Tyson decided to concentrate on country and cowboy music, resulting in the well-received 1983 album Old Corrals and Sagebrush, released on Columbia Records.
In 1989, Tyson was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame.
In 2005, CBC Radio One listeners chose his song "Four Strong Winds" as the greatest Canadian song of all time on the series 50 Tracks: The Canadian Version. There was strong momentum for him to be nominated the Greatest Canadian, but he fell short. He has been a strong influence on many Canadian artists, including Neil Young, who recorded "Four Strong Winds" for Comes a Time (1978). Johnny Cash would also record the same song for American V: A Hundred Highways (2006). Judy Collins recorded a version of his song "Someday Soon" in 1968.
In 2006, Tyson sustained irreversible scarring to his vocal cords as a result of a concert at the Havelock Country Jamboree followed a year later by a virus contracted during a flight to Denver. This resulted in a notable loss of the remarkable quality and range he was known for; he has self-described his new sound as "gravelly". Notwithstanding, he released the album From Yellowhead to Yellowstone and Other Love Stories in 2008 to high critical praise. He was nominated for a 2009 Canadian Folk Music Awards for Solo Artist of the Year. The album includes a song about Canadian hockey broadcasting icon Don Cherry and the passing of his wife, Rose, a rare Tyson cover written by Toronto songwriter Jay Aymar.
Tyson has been married twice. Both marriages ended in divorce.
His first marriage, to Sylvia Fricker Tyson, ended in an amicable divorce in 1975. Their son Clay (Clayton Dawson Tyson, born 1966) was also a musical performer and has since moved to a career modifying racing bikes.
After the marriage to Sylvia ended in 1975, Ian returned to Southern Alberta to farm and train horses but also continued his musical career on a limited basis. In 1979, Neil Young recorded Four Strong Winds, and Tyson used the royalties for a down payment on his own cattle and horse ranch; he started playing regularly at Calgary's Ranchman's Club. His next albums were cowboy music: I Outgrew the Wagon (1989), And Stood There Amazed (1991), and Eighteen Inches of Rain (1994).
Tyson's autobiography, The Long Trail: My Life in the West, was published in 2010. Co-written with Calgary journalist Jeremy Klaszus, the book "alternates between autobiography and a broader study of [Tyson's] relationship to the 'West' – both as a fading reality and a cultural ideal." CBC's Michael Enright said the book is like Tyson himself – "straightforward, unglazed and honest."
Ian Tyson married Twylla Dvorkin in 1986. Their daughter Adelita Rose was born c. 1987. Tyson's second marriage ended in divorce in early 2008, several years after he and Dvorkin had separated.
A book by John Einarson, Four Strong Winds: Ian & Sylvia, was published in 2012. A few years later, Ian said that Evinia Pulos (Bruce) was his soulmate; since she lived in Kelowna, BC, he was not seeing her often. "We’ve been lovers for 55 years...How many people can say that?," Tyson said. In 2015, he had open heart surgery to replace a blocked aortic valve. In 2018, Tyson made concert appearances in British Columbia and Alberta. His website indicated that in 2019, he was to make two concert appearances, one in Calgary and the other in Bragg Creek, Alberta.
Awards and recognition
Tyson became a Member of the Order of Canada in October 1994 and was inducted into the Alberta Order of Excellence in 2006. In 2003, Tyson received a Governor General's Performing Arts Award.
Ian Tyson was inducted into the Mariposa Hall of Fame, with Sylvia, in 2006 
The song Four Strong Winds, written by Ian Tyson, was named as the greatest Canadian song of all time by the CBC-Radio program 50 Tracks: The Canadian Version in 2005.
An announcement in July 2019 stated that Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson would be inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, individually, not as a duo. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation article stated that "the duo's 1964's hit, Four Strong Winds, has been deemed one of the most influential songs in Canadian history". The report also referenced the song You Were on My Mind, written by Sylvia Tyson, as well as her four albums (1975–1980).
A tribute CD to Ian Tyson, The Gift, was released in 2007 on Stony Plain Records featuring "Someday Soon" done by Doug Andrew with Buddy Cage on pedal steel guitar (Buddy played in Great Speckled Bird), "Four Strong Winds" recorded by Blue Rodeo, plus another 13 of Tyson's best known songs done by major folk and country artists. The album is titled after a song of Tyson's, which itself is a tribute to Charles Marion Russell.
|1978||One Jump Ahead of the Devil|
|1983||Old Corrals and Sagebrush|
|1989||I Outgrew the Wagon||12||74||Gold|
|1991||And Stood There Amazed||16|
|1994||Eighteen Inches of Rain||9|
|1996||All the Good 'Uns||21||Gold|
|2002||Live at Longview|
|2005||Songs from the Gravel Road|
|2008||Yellowhead to Yellowstone and Other Love Stories|
|2011||Songs from the Stone House|
|2013||All the Good 'Uns Vol. 2|
|CAN Country||CAN AC|
|1973||"Love Can Bless the Soul of Anyone"[A]||—||46||Ol' Eon|
|1974||"Great Canadian Tour"||—||13|
|"She's My Greatest Blessing"||—||—|
|"Some Kind of Fool"||—||—|
|1979||"Half a Mile of Hell"||26||—||One Jump Ahead of the Devil|
|1980||"The Moondancer"||19||—||Non-album single|
|1983||"Alberta's Child"||—||—||Old Corrals and Sagebrush|
|1984||"Oklahoma Hills"||40||—||Ian Tyson|
|1988||"Fifty Years Ago"||8||—|
|1989||"Irving Berlin (Is 100 Yrs Old Today)"||24||—||I Outgrew the Wagon|
|"Cowboys Don't Cry"||25||—|
|"Since the Rain"||17||—|
|"I Outgrew the Wagon"||33||—|
|1991||"Springtime in Alberta"||9||—||And Stood There Amazed|
|1992||"Lights of Laramie"||9||—|
|"You're Not Alone Anymore"||47||—|
|1993||"Jaquima to Freno"||30||—|
|1994||"Alcohol in the Bloodstream"||11||—||Eighteen Inches of Rain|
|"Eighteen Inches of Rain"||27||—|
|"Heartaches Are Stealin'"||39||—|
|1996||"Barrel Racing Angel"||35||—||All the Good 'uns|
|1997||"The Wonder of It All"||—||—|
|1999||"Brahmas and Mustangs"||—||—||Lost Herd|
|2005||"Land of Shining Mountains"||—||—||Songs from the Gravel Road|
|"This Is My Sky"||—||—|
|2006||"Always Saying Goodbye"||—||—|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
- A ^ "Love Can Bless the Soul of Anyone" peaked at number 61 on the RPM Top Singles chart in Canada.
|1971–1974||Ian Tyson Show||CTV network|
|2010||Songs from the Gravel Road||Bravo! Network documentary|
|2010||Mano a Mano||DVD with Tom Russell|
|2010||This Is My Sky||DVD set|
- Witko, Kolya (Fall–Winter 2009). "Ian Tyson: The many faces of a Canadian icon". Alternativetrends.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Ian's 1st Solo Album Marks Return To Country Roots", Billboard, 23 November 1974, p.66
- LeBlanc, Larry (9 September 2000). Tyson album, stage show, draw on her life and long career in music. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 60–. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Ian Tyson Show, The (Series) (1970–1975)". TV Archive. February 2003. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
- Heath McCoy, Field of dreamers Archived 22 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Calgary Herald via Canada.com, 19 June 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- Heylin, Clinton (1995). Bob Dylan: The Recording Sessions 1960–1994. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 55. ISBN 978-0312150679. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012.
- "Ian Tyson's Brave New CD". Macleans. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Ian Tyson". Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Four Strong Winds: Ian & Sylvia by John Einarson with Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Tyson, Ian (2009). La primera : the story of wild mustangs. Paintings by Adeline Halvorson. Toronto: Tundra Books. ISBN 978-0-88776-863-7. OCLC 226999077.
- Ian: "Silvia and I had parted, amicably, and I came out to Alberta..." in documentary "Songs from the Gravel Road". Bravo network. 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "They're partners in life as well as in music, which must have its difficult moments like the prospect of having to sing with someone you were maybe not speaking to. But they certainly have made that work, what with that thing rolling around on the rug, young Clayton Dawson, herein and hereafter referred to as 'Mr. Spoons.'" From the jacket notes (by John Court) to Ian and Sylvia's LP "Lovin' Sound", MGM 4388, 1967. Quoted in Mudcat Forum by Dale Rose, 16 April 1999; accessed 2011-05-08.
- "Clay Tyson". Living Legends Music. 2006–2008. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- Lederman, Marsha (30 March 2008). "Tyson comes clean". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- "Biography (Ian Tyson)". NME. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- Bergman, Brian (15 February 1999). "Home on the range | Maclean's". Macleans magazine archive. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Ian Tyson". Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame.
- "Ian & Sylvia". Canadian Music Hall Of Fame. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- Tyson, Ian; Klaszus, Jeremy (October 2010). The Long Trail: My Life in the West. Random House. ISBN 978-0-307-35935-3.
- Volmers, Eric (23 October 2010). "Truly Tyson". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 1 November 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Tyson, Ian (24 October 2010). "Interview with Ian Tyson". The Sunday Edition (Interview). Interviewed by Michael Enright. Toronto: CBC. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- Ingram, David (16 November 2000). "A true son of the west". Canada Now. CBC Television. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- Johnson, Brian D. (24 November 2008). "The end of love and a famous voice". Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- Marchand, Philip (6 February 2006). "Recent Reviews". Toronto Star.
- Hamilton, Anita. "Cowboy Ian Tyson's Four Strong Winds ( written about Evinia)". 50plusworld.com. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "The Legendary Ian Tyson Official Website". Iantyson.com. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Mr. Ian Tyson". The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
- "Ian Tyson OC, D Litt (hon), LLD (hon)". Government of Alberta. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- "Ian Tyson biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "Sylvia Tyson". Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame.
- Friend, David (17 July 2019). "Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson to be inducted separately into Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame". CBC.
- Western Writers of America (2010). "The Top 100 Western Songs". American Cowboy. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014.
- "Tyson, Ian". Encyclopedia of Canadian Musicians. Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 15 July 2009.