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Iazychie (Ukrainian: Язичіє, Yazychiye) was an artificial language used in the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries in Halychyna, Bukovina, and Zakarpattia in publishing mostly of reactionary direction particularly by Ukrainian Russophiles (Moskvophiles).[1] It was an inconsistent combination of lexical, phonetic and grammar elements of the vernacular Ukrainian language (including narrowly dialectical predominantly of southwestern origin), Old Ukrainian (Ruthenian language), Polish, Russian, Old Slavic.[1] Nikolay Chernyshevsky called "Iazychie" as a mutilation of language and sharply was condemning it.[1] Against the use of "Izychie" struggled Ivan Franko and other representatives of west Ukrainian progressive intelligentsia.[1]