Ibaloi language

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Region Luzon, Philippines
Ethnicity Ibaloi people
Native speakers
(110,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ibl
Glottolog ibal1244[2]
Ibaloi language map.png
Area where Ibaloi is spoken according to Ethnologue

The Ibaloi language (also called Inibaloi) belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages family. It is closely related to the Pangasinan language, spoken primarily in the province of Pangasinan, located southwest of Benguet.

Ibaloi is spoken in central and southern Benguet and in western Nueva Vizcaya. Dialects are Daklan, Kabayan, Bokod (Ethnologue).

Ibaloi phonemes are similar to those found in other Philippine languages with a few exceptions. Many variants of the Ibaloi tongue have naturally occurring /f/, // and /v/, as in sifa (interrogative who), ibjag (to lose one's grip on something or someone, to let go) and divit (a traditional wrap-around skirt). /ʃ/ is also commonly heard in the La Trinidad valley and nearby areas, as in shima (a particle usually equivalent to the prepositions in, on, or to depending on the sentence construction), but may be occasionally heard as // in some communities.


  1. ^ Ibaloi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ibaloi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  • A handy guidebook to the Ibaloi language. Baguio City, Philippines: Tebtebba Foundation, 2010.