Ibarra, Ecuador

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Ibarra
City
San Miguel de Ibarra
From top to bottom and from left to right: Pedro Moncayo Park and Ibarra Castle, San Agustín Church, Basilica de la Dolorosa, Ibarra Old Town, the Casa de la Ibarreñidad and view of the south of the city from the Central Park Boulevard.
From top to bottom and from left to right: Pedro Moncayo Park and Ibarra Castle, San Agustín Church, Basilica de la Dolorosa, Ibarra Old Town, the Casa de la Ibarreñidad and view of the south of the city from the Central Park Boulevard.
Flag of Ibarra
Coat of arms of Ibarra
Nickname(s): 
La Ciudad Blanca (The White City)
Ibarra is located in Ecuador
Ibarra
Ibarra
Coordinates: 0°21′45.64″N 78°07′50.40″W / 0.3626778°N 78.1306667°W / 0.3626778; -78.1306667Coordinates: 0°21′45.64″N 78°07′50.40″W / 0.3626778°N 78.1306667°W / 0.3626778; -78.1306667
CountryEcuador
ProvinceImbabura
CantonIbarra Canton
Founded28 September 1606
Re-founded28 April 1872
Founded byCristóbal de Troya y Pinque
Named forSan Miguel de Ibarra
Parishes
Urban Parishes
  • Alpachaca
  • Caranqui
  • La Dolorosa del Priorato
  • El Sagrario
  • San Francisco
Government
 • AlcaldeAndrea Scacco
Area
Area of the urban parishes
 • City242.02 km2 (93.44 sq mi)
Elevation
2,225 m (7,300 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • City139,721
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
181,175
Time zoneUTC-5 (ECT)
Postal code
EC100150
Area code(s)(+593) 6
ClimateCsb
Websitewww.ibarra.gob.ec (in Spanish)

Ibarra (Spanish pronunciation: [iˈβara]; full name San Miguel de Ibarra; Quechua: Impapura) is a city in northern Ecuador and the capital of the Imbabura Province. It lies at the foot of the Imbabura Volcano and on the left bank of the Tahuando river. It is about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of Ecuador's capital Quito.

History[edit]

Ibarra was founded in 1606 by order of the President of the Royal Audience of Quito, Miguel de Ibarra. The development of the city included the systematic construction of public buildings including an important number of churches but an earthquake in 1868 destroyed most of them. After the devastating earthquake of August 16, 1868 the city was re-settled in 1872. Based on its newest date of foundation, Ibarra is the youngest city in Ecuador.[citation needed] The Inca ruler Atahualpa is said to have been born in the Inca settlement of Inca-Caranqui about 2 km from the city.

Helados de paila (handmade ice cream or sorbet and still sold in the markets today) was first made in Ibarra during Incan times (but not by Incas; by the native indigenous), using snow or ice from the nearby Imbabura Volcano (which is no longer snow bound). Using a large bronze pan surrounded by ice shavings, the juices of various fruits are stirred into the pan to freeze.

Ibarra today[edit]

Today, Ibarra is a mid-sized market city rising in popularity with tourists, yet still retains a very authentic Ecuadorian vibe. It has a unique ethnic composition for Ecuador, with the population being a mix of Mestizos, Amerindians (mostly Otavalo people), and Afro-Ecuadorians. Ibarra is known for its mild weather, colonial whitewashed houses (giving it the nickname The White City), and cobbled streets.[1] The Santo Domingo church houses a museum holding paintings. The town is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ibarra.

Markets are on Saturdays, and the main festival is the Fiesta de los Lagos, which is held on the last weekend of September. Also, two colorful parades known as El Pregón and Virgen del Carmen are held on 16 July every year.

Other town attractions are the many restaurants specializing in local cuisine, along with the clubs, discos and a paragliding club.

Climate[edit]

Ibarra features a warm-summer mediterranean climate (Csb) under the Köppen climate classification. This is possible due to the town's high elevation (7,300 ft) in the Ecuadorian Andes providing cooler temperatures and a seasonal rain-shadow characteristic. The dry/warm season is technically local winter due to the town's location being south of the Intertropical Convergence Zone from June to September. However, since Ibarra is located just north of the equator this season could be classified as a summer. The highland climate is mild all year round.

Climate data for Ibarra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
22.2
(72.0)
22.8
(73.0)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
22.4
(72.3)
Average low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
10.7
(51.3)
10.7
(51.3)
11.1
(52.0)
10.5
(50.9)
9.9
(49.8)
9.4
(48.9)
9.1
(48.4)
9.4
(48.9)
10.3
(50.5)
10.6
(51.1)
10.5
(50.9)
10.2
(50.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.6)
54
(2.1)
73
(2.9)
92
(3.6)
65
(2.6)
35
(1.4)
14
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
35
(1.4)
73
(2.9)
75
(3.0)
51
(2.0)
623
(24.7)
Source: Climate Data

Sister Cities:

References[edit]

External links[edit]