Ibestad

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Ibestad kommune

Ivvárstáđiid suohkan
Hamnvik.JPG
Official logo of Ibestad kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Ibestad within Troms og Finnmark
Ibestad within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 68°49′46″N 17°14′45″E / 68.82944°N 17.24583°E / 68.82944; 17.24583Coordinates: 68°49′46″N 17°14′45″E / 68.82944°N 17.24583°E / 68.82944; 17.24583
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictHålogaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreHamnvik
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Dag Brustind (H)
Area
 • Total241.06 km2 (93.07 sq mi)
 • Land234.16 km2 (90.41 sq mi)
 • Water6.90 km2 (2.66 sq mi)  2.9%
Area rank312 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,380
 • Rank361 in Norway
 • Density5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-8.7%
Demonym(s)Ibestadværing [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5413
Official language formBokmål [2]
Websiteibestad.kommune.no

Ibestad (Northern Sami: Ivvárstádik) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Central Hålogaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hamnvik. Some of the other larger villages in Ibestad include Engenes, Laupstad, Rollnes, Sørrollnes, Sørvika, and Å.

The 241-square-kilometre (93 sq mi) municipality is the 312th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Ibestad is the 361st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,380. The municipality's population density is 5.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (15/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 8.7% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

Ibestad includes the two islands in the central part of this picture

The municipality of Ibestad was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Initially, Ibestad municipality covered a large area from the Vågsfjorden to the border with Sweden (the old Astafjord church parish). In 1854, the rural eastern half of the municipality (population: 757) was separated from Ibestad to form the new Bardu Municipality. This left Ibestad with 4,741 residents.

Then, on 1 January 1871, the northeastern part of the municipality (population: 1,384) was separated from Ibestad to form the new Salangen Municipality. This left Ibestad with 4,301 inhabitants. On 1 January 1907, the easternmost area of Ibestad (population: 1,536) became the separate Lavangen Municipality. Ibestad had 5,709 residents remaining after the split. In 1926, the municipality of Ibestad was divided into four separate municipalities: Andørja (population: 1,420) in the northeast, Gratangen (population: 1,967) in the southeast, Astafjord (population: 1,018) in the southwest, and (a much smaller) Ibestad (population: 1,768) in the northwest.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Ibestad (population: 1,821) was merged with the municipality of Andørja (population: 1,330) and the part of Skånland Municipality located on the island of Rolla (population: 143), creating a new Ibestad Municipality with a total of 3,294 residents.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Troms county.[6]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Ibestad farm (Old Norse: Ívarsstaðir), since the first Ibestad Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of the male name Ívarr and the last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm". Prior to 1918, the name was spelled Ibbestad.[7]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is modern and it was approved on 19 December 1986. The blue and white arms symbolize one of the oldest Norwegian stone churches. The church was built in Ibestad around the year 1200. As a symbol for this church, the arms show a cross on a medieval tombstone that was found at the church in 1960.[8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Ibestad. It is part of the Trondenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Ibestad
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Andørja Andørja Church Engenes 1914
Ibestad Ibestad Church Hamnvik 1881
Sørrollnes Chapel Sørrollnes 1976

Geography[edit]

The municipality encompasses the islands of Andørja and Rolla and the tiny surrounding islets. The two main islands are connected by the undersea Ibestad Tunnel. The Mjøsund Bridge connects Andørja to Salangen Municipality on the mainland. There is a regular ferry connection from Sørrollnes on Rolla to the town of Harstad.

The Astafjorden forms the southeastern border of the municipality and the Vågsfjorden forms the western and northern borders. The small Mjøsundet strait forms the eastern border. The highest point in Ibestad is the 1,276-metre (4,186 ft) tall Langlitinden mountain.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hamnvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.6
(34.9)
6.2
(43.2)
10.0
(50.0)
12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 89
(3.5)
82
(3.2)
66
(2.6)
56
(2.2)
42
(1.7)
49
(1.9)
63
(2.5)
74
(2.9)
99
(3.9)
128
(5.0)
97
(3.8)
105
(4.1)
950
(37.4)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[9]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Ibestad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Trondenes District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ibestad is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Ibestad Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:19
Ibestad Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Andørja Common List (Andørja Fellesliste)5
Total number of members:19
Ibestad Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Andørja Common List (Andørja fellesliste)7
Total number of members:19

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 40.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  9. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-26.
  12. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-26.

External links[edit]