Ibestad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ibestad kommune

Ivvárstáđiid suohkan
Hamnvik.JPG
Coat of arms of Ibestad kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Ibestad kommune
Troms within
Norway
Ibestad within Troms
Ibestad within Troms
Coordinates: 68°49′46″N 17°14′45″E / 68.82944°N 17.24583°E / 68.82944; 17.24583Coordinates: 68°49′46″N 17°14′45″E / 68.82944°N 17.24583°E / 68.82944; 17.24583
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictHålogaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreHamnvik
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Dag Brustind (H)
Area
 • Total241.06 km2 (93.07 sq mi)
 • Land234.16 km2 (90.41 sq mi)
 • Water6.90 km2 (2.66 sq mi)  2.9%
Area rank#312 in Norway
Population
(2018)
 • Total1,380
 • Rank#361 in Norway
 • Density5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-8.7%
Demonym(s)Ibestadværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1917
Official language formBokmål
Websiteibestad.kommune.no

Ibestad (Northern Sami: Ivvárstádik) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Central Hålogaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hamnvik. Some of the other larger villages in Ibestad include Engenes, Laupstad, Rollnes, Sørrollnes, Sørvika, and Å.

The 241-square-kilometre (93 sq mi) municipality is the 312th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Ibestad is the 361st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,380. The municipality's population density is 5.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (15/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 8.7% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information[edit]

Map of Ibestad
Ibestad includes the two islands in the central part of this picture

The municipality of Ibestad was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Initially, Ibestad municipality covered a large area from the Vågsfjorden to the border with Sweden (the old Astafjord church parish). In 1854, the rural eastern half of the municipality (population: 757) was separated from Ibestad to form the new Bardu Municipality. This left Ibestad with 4,741 residents.

Then, on 1 January 1871, the northeastern part of the municipality (population: 1,384) was separated from Ibestad to form the new Salangen Municipality. This left Ibestad with 4,301 inhabitants. On 1 January 1907, the easternmost area of Ibestad (population: 1,536) became the separate Lavangen Municipality. Ibestad had 5,709 residents remaining after the split. In 1926, the municipality of Ibestad was divided into four separate municipalities: Andørja (population: 1,420) in the northeast, Gratangen (population: 1,967) in the southeast, Astafjord (population: 1,018) in the southwest, and (a much smaller) Ibestad (population: 1,768) in the northwest.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Ibestad (population: 1,821) was merged with the municipality of Andørja (population: 1,330) and the part of Skånland Municipality located on the island of Rolla (population: 143), creating a new Ibestad Municipality with a total of 3,294 residents.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Ibestad farm (Old Norse: Ívarsstaðir), since the first Ibestad Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of the male name Ívarr and the last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm". Prior to 1918, the name was spelled Ibbestad.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is modern and it was approved on 19 December 1986. The blue and white arms symbolize one of the oldest Norwegian stone churches. The church was built in Ibestad around the year 1200. As a symbol for this church, the arms show a cross on a medieval tombstone that was found at the church in 1960.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Ibestad. It is part of the Trondenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Ibestad
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Andørja Andørja Church Engenes 1914
Ibestad Ibestad Church Hamnvik 1881
Sørrollnes Chapel Sørrollnes 1976

Geography[edit]

The municipality encompasses the islands of Andørja and Rolla and the tiny surrounding islets. The two main islands are connected by the undersea Ibestad Tunnel. The Mjøsund Bridge connects Andørja to Salangen Municipality on the mainland. There is a regular ferry connection from Sørrollnes on Rolla to the town of Harstad.

The Astafjorden forms the southeastern border of the municipality and the Vågsfjorden forms the western and northern borders. The small Mjøsundet strait forms the eastern border. The highest point in Ibestad is the 1,276-metre (4,186 ft) tall Langlitinden mountain.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hamnvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.6
(34.9)
6.2
(43.2)
10.0
(50)
12.4
(54.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.0
(46.4)
3.9
(39)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.6
(38.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 89
(3.5)
82
(3.23)
66
(2.6)
56
(2.2)
42
(1.65)
49
(1.93)
63
(2.48)
74
(2.91)
99
(3.9)
128
(5.04)
97
(3.82)
105
(4.13)
950
(37.4)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[7]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Ibestad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Trondenes District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ibestad is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[9]

Ibestad Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet4
 Conservative PartyHøyre6
 Centre PartySenterpartiet3
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
 Local ListsLokale lister5
Total number of members:19

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1911). Norske gaardnavne: Troms amt (in Norwegian) (17 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 40.
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  7. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  9. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External links[edit]