|Area||1,584,000 square metres (0.612 sq mi)|
|Status||Open all year|
Ibirapuera Park (Portuguese: Parque Ibirapuera) is an urban park in São Paulo. It comprises 158 hectares between Av. República do Líbano, Av. Pedro Alvares Cabral, and Av. IV Centenário, and is the most visited park in Latin America, with 14.4 million visits in 2017.
Ibirapuera Park was the first metropolitan park in São Paulo, designed along the lines of other great English landscape gardens built in the 20th century in major cities around the globe. It was inaugurated on 21 August 1954 for the 400th anniversary of the city of São Paulo with buildings designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer and landscape by agronomist Otávio Agusto de Teixeira Mendes, and Roberto Burle Marx. The construction of several pavilions in the park was controversial when the park was designed, and group of people advocated for an exclusively green park rather than one that included buildings. In the 90s, its green areas were graded heritage-listed status by the city and the state of São Paulo to avoid further construction and keep its historical gardens and green open spaces preserved. In 2016, the complex of buildings designed by Niemeyer in the park were also registered as national landmark by the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute.
Ibirapuera is one of Latin America's largest urban parks, together with Chapultepec Park in Mexico City and Simón Bolívar Park in Bogota, and its iconic importance to São Paulo is often internationally comparable to that of Central Park in New York City. The park is often cited as one of the most vibrant and photographed parks in the world, as together with its large area for leisure, jogging and walking, it hosts a vivid cultural scene with museums, a music hall, and popular events such as São Paulo Fashion Week, congresses and trade shows.
The park has been managed for decades by the city of São Paulo, but the local government plans to concession all its parks' management to private hands, starting with Ibirapuera Park. Since 2014, the park also has the support of the Ibirapuera Park Conservancy (Parque Ibirapuera Conservação), a strong community nonprofit that supports park stewardship and conservation actions through a capital improvement plan, engagement projects and volunteer work. Admission to the park has been free since 1954, and it is open from 5am until midnight every day.
- Barone, Ana Cláudia Castilho (2007). Ibirapuera: parque metropolitano (1926–1954). Tese de Doutorado. Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade de São Paulo.
- "Sobre o parque - Parque Ibirapuera Conservação". Parque Ibirapuera Conservação (in Portuguese). Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- Silva, Edgar. "Aos 63, Ibirapuera é o parque mais visitado da América Latina (With 63 years old, Ibirapuera park is the most visited park in Latin America)". Folha de São Paulo.
- "Roberto Burle Marx, Oscar Niemeyer. Ibirapuera Park project, São Paulo, Brazil (Site plan). 1953 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- "Ibirapuera se torna patrimônio nacional". Edison Veiga (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- Moore, Rowan (2015-08-07). "The 10 best parks". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- "The most Instagrammed locations in the world in 2016". Mail Online. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- "Sao Paulo to launch $2.3 billion privatization plan this year: mayor". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
- Official Ibirapuera Park Conservancy (portuguese: Parque Ibirapuera Conservação) website
- São Paulo City Department of Parks
Media related to Ibirapuera Park at Wikimedia Commons