Ibn Hisham

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Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Malik bin Hisham
Title Ibn Hisham
Died 7 May 833
Era Islamic golden age
Region Basra, Egypt
Religion Islam
Main interest(s) History
Notable work(s) The Life of the Prophet

Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Malik bin Hisham ibn Ayyub al-Himyari (Arabic: أبو محمد عبدالمالك بن هشام‎‎), or Ibn Hisham edited the biography of the Islamic prophet Muhammad written by Ibn Ishaq.[1] Ibn Ishaq's work is lost and is now only known in the recensions of Ibn Hisham and al-Tabari.[2] He was also said to have mastered Arabic philology in a way which only Sibawayh had.[3]

Ibn Hisham has been said to have grown up in Basra and moved afterwards to Egypt,[4] while others have narrated that his family was descended from Basra but he himself was born in Old Cairo.[5] Either way, it is in Egypt where he gained a name as a grammarian and student of language and history. His family was of Himyarite origin, though some narrators trace him to Mu'afir ibn Ya'far, while others say he is a Dhuhli.[4]


  • As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, an edited (though not copied) version of Ibn Ishaq's original work.[6] It is now considered one of the classic works on the biography of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[7][8]
  • He also wrote a work on South Arabian antiquities: Kitab al-Tijan li ma'rifati muluk al-zaman (Book of Crowns in knowing kings of the age)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kathryn Kueny, The Rhetoric of Sobriety: Wine in Early Islam, pg. 59. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. ISBN 9780791490181
  2. ^ Sahaja Carimokam, Muhammad and the People of the Book, pg. 520. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2011. ISBN 9781453537855
  3. ^ Ibn Khaldun, Muqaddimah, vol. 2, pg. 298. Trns. Franz Rosenthal. Issue 43 of Bollingen Series (General) Series. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967. ISBN 9780691097978
  4. ^ a b Mustafa al-Suqa, Ibrahim al-Abyari and Abdul-Hafidh Shalabi, Tahqiq Sirah an-Nabawiyyah li Ibn Hisham, ed.: Dar Ihya al-Turath, pp. 23-4
  5. ^ William Muir, The Life of Mahomet: With Introductory Chapters on the Original Sources for the Biography of Mahomet, and on the Pre-Islamite History of Arabia, vol. 1, pg. xciv. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1861.
  6. ^ Mahmood ul-Hasan, Ibn Al-At̲h̲ir: An Arab Historian : a Critical Analysis of His Tarikh-al-kamil and Tarikh-al-atabeca, pg. 71. New Delhi: Northern Book Center, 2005. ISBN 9788172111540
  7. ^ Antonie Wessels, A Modern Arabic Biography of Muḥammad: A Critical Study of Muḥammad Ḥusayn , pg. 1. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1972.
  8. ^ Ira M. Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies, pg. 18. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 9780521779333

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