Ibn Kathir al-Makki
Ibn Kathir (ابن الكثير)
|Other names||Abu Ma‘bad Abdullah al-‘Attar al-Dari|
Abu Ma‘bad Abdullah al-‘Attar al-Dari, better known as Ibn Kathir al-Makki (45-120AH), was one of the transmitters of the seven canonical Qira'at, or methods of reciting the Qur'an. His reading was generally popular among the people of Mecca.
Al-Makki was born in Mecca and was one of the Tabi‘un. He met the prophetic companions Anas ibn Malik and Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, and he learned his recitation method from a student of the prophetic companion Abd Allah ibn Abbas who in turn learned from Ubay ibn Ka'b and Zayd ibn Thabit who both learned directly from the prophet Muhammad. Al-Shafi‘i, the namesake of one of the four primary schools of thought in Sunni Islam, preferred to recite the Qur'an according to al-Makki's method.
He died in the year 737CE. Though associated with the people of Mecca, he was ethnically Persian. The two primary transmitters of his method of recitation, Al-Bazzi and Qunbul, were Persian and Meccan respectively.
Ten readers and transmitters
- Nafi‘ al-Madani
- Ibn Kathir al-Makki
- Abu 'Amr ibn al-'Ala'
- Ibn Amir ad-Dimashqi
- Aasim ibn Abi al-Najud
- Hamzah az-Zaiyyat
- Abu Ja'far
- 'Isa ibn Waddan
- Ibn Jummaz
- Ya'qub al-Yamani
- Josef W. Meri and Jere L. Bacharach, Quran, Reciters and Recitation, p. 660. Taken from Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z. Abingdon-on-Thames: Taylor & Francis, 2006. ISBN 9780415966924
- Muhammad Ghoniem and MSM Saifullah, The Ten Readers & Their Transmitters. (c) Islamic Awareness. Updated January 8, 2002; accessed April 11, 2016.
- Peter G. Riddell, Islamic scripture and textual materials, p. 18. Taken from Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. London: C. Hurst & Co., 2001. ISBN 9781850653363
- Imām ibn Kathīr al-Makkī. © 2013 Prophetic Guidance. Published June 16, 2013. Accessed April 13, 2016.
- Shady Hekmat Nasser, Ibn Mujahid and the Canonization of the Seven Readings, p. 49. Taken from The Transmission of the Variant Readings of the Qur'an: The Problem of Tawaatur and the Emergence of Shawaadhdh. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2012. ISBN 9789004240810
- Shady Nasser, Canonization, p. 129.