Ibn Khalawayh (ابن خالويه; full name Abu `Abd Allah al-Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Khalawayh, (born in Hamadan, Iran - d. AH 370 / AD 980/1) was a 10th-century Persian scholar of Arabic grammar and Koranic exegesis. He was active at the court of Sayf al-Dawla, the Hamdanid ruler of Syria, at Aleppo.
Ibn Khalawayh was a famous scholar during his lifetime, and assembled a circle of disciples in regular literary reunions. He was active in the period of hectic philological activity towards a canonical text of the Qur'an. His grammatical opinions were eclectic, in between the major opposition between the grammatical schools of Basra and Kufa.
- H. A. R. Gibb (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Islam[year needed][page needed]
- W. C. Brice, An Historical atlas of Islam, 1981,[page needed]
- David Larsen, introduction to Ibn Khalawayh's Names of the Lion (Wave Books, 2017), vii-xiv.