Ibn Khalawayh

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Ibn Khalawayh (ابن خالويه; full name Abu `Abd Allah al-Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Khalawayh, (born in Hamadan, iran - d. AH 370 / AD 980/1) was a 10th-century Persian scholar of Arabic grammar and Quranic exegesis. He was active at the court of Sayf al-Dawla, the Hamdanid ruler of Syria, at Aleppo.

Ibn Khalawayh was a famous scholar during his lifetime, and assembled a circle of disciples in regular literary reunions. He was active in the period of hectic philological activity towards a canonical text of the Qur'an. His grammatical opinions were eclectic, in between the major opposition between the grammatical schools of Basra and Kufa.