Ibn Rassam

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Ibn al-Rassam (literally Son of the Draftsman) was an Egyptian Muslim alchemist and tile maker and mosaic designer, who flourished during the Mamluk Bahri dynasty (1250–1382).[1]

Ibn Rassam is widely known to have invented the techniques through which he obtained copper from varieties of malachite. He also ascertained indigo by heating various substances.[2] He was a colleague of the chemist, Abul Ashba ibn Tammam (d.1361).


  1. ^ Nasser Rabbat (1998). "Architects and Artists in Mamluk Society: The Perspective of the Sources". Journal of Architectural Education. 52 (1). doi:10.1111/j.1531-314X.1998.tb00253.x. JSTOR 1425493.
  2. ^ M.Th. Houtsma, A.J. Wensinck. T.W. Arnold, W. Heffening and E. Lévi-Provençal, eds. First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936, volume 4. E.J. Brill. Retrieved 14 June 2010.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)