Ibn abd al-Malik al-Marrakushi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ibn abd al-Malik al-Murrakushi
Native name بن عبد الملك المراكشي
Born 5 July 1237
Marrakech, Morocco
Died September 1303
New Tlemcen (Mansourah)
Occupation scholar, judge, historian
Known for Author of ad-Dayl wa Takmila
Notable work ad-Dayl wa Takmila

Ibn abd al-Malik al-Marrakushi or al-Murrakushi (Full name: Abu abd Allah Muhammed ibn Muhammed ibn abd al-Malik al-Marrakushi Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن محمد بن عبد الملك المراكشي‎‎ ) (b. 5 July 1237 – September 1303) was a Moroccan scholar, historian, judge and biographer. He is the author of the famous book 'Ad-Dayl wa Takmila', a substantial collection of biographies of notable people from Morocco and al-Andalus. The book is composed of 9 volumes with approximately 700 pages each of which only 4 volumes reached us entirely (Volumes 1, 5, 6, 8 and parts of 2 and 4). It contains many intricate details, such as the exact pronunciation of names which isn't always accurately rendered in the Arabic writing system.[1][2][3][4]

In 1300, Ibn abd al-Malik left Marrakech following the court of the Marinid King Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr and settled in Mansourah, where the Marinids were besieging Tlemcen in an attempt to oust the Abd al-Wadid dynasty. He seems to have died there three years later in September 1303, though there were reports of him being at Aghmat only three months earlier.[1]

Ibn abd al-Malik spent his life writing his biographical dictionary "ad-Dayl wa Takmila" which was completed only a few months before his death. The book was originally designed to complete the works of Ibn Bashkuwal and Ibn al-Faradi, but eventually surpassed them.[1]

He had a son who settled in Málaga where he became a close friend of Ibn al-Khatib. The latter based much of his biographical book Al-Ihata on the works of Ibn abd al-Malik.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "ابن عبد الملك المراكشي". دعوة الحق. Moroccan Ministry of Habous. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Shawkat M. Toorawa (205). Ibn Abī Ṭāhir Ṭayfūr and Arabic Writerly Culture: A Ninth-century Bookman in Baghdad. Routledge. p. 184. 
  3. ^ Western Michigan University. Medieval Institute. Medieval prosopography. p. 6. 
  4. ^ Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Manuela Marín. The Legacy of Muslim Spain. Retrieved 30 July 2012.