Essamibn al-Azzam ibn Jurayj, also known as Ibn al-Rumi (born Balkh in 836; died 896), was the son of a Persian mother and an Arab father. By the age of twenty he earned a living from his poetry, which would culminate in his masterpiece Diwan. His many political patrons included the Tahirid ruler Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah ibn Tahir, Abbasid Caliph Al-Mu'tamid's minister the Persian Isma'il ibn Bulbul, and the politically influential Nestorian family Banu Wahb. He was a Shiite with Mutazilite leanings. He died of illness at the age of 59 although some[who?] have suggested that poison or suicide may have been the cause.
- Gruendler, Beatrice (2003). Medieval Arabic Praise Poetry: Ibn Al-Rūmī and the Patron's Redemption. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1490-1.
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