Ibrahim Biçakçiu

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Ibrahim Aqif Biçakçiu
Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg
19th Prime Minister of Albania
In office
September 25, 1943 – October 24, 1943
Preceded by Eqrem Bej Libohova
Succeeded by Mehdi Bej Frashëri
In office
August 29, 1944 – November 28, 1944
Preceded by Fiqri Dine
Succeeded by Enver Hoxha
Personal details
Born 10 September 1905
Elbasan, Albania (then Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire)
Died 4 January 1977 (aged 71)
Elbasan, Albania
Political party Balli Kombëtar
Profession Prime Minister, Agronomist
Religion Bektashi

Ibrahim Aqif Biçakçiu (also known as Ibrahim Biçaku) was an Albanian landowner and Axis collaborator, Prime Minister of Albania during the Nazi occupation, from September 25 to October 24, 1943 and from August 29 to November 28, 1944.[1]


Early life[edit]

From left to right, General De Veer, Ibrahim Biçakçiu as a ten-year-old boy, Aqif Pasha Biçakçiu of Elbasan and Ali Agjah Bey of Elbasan

Ibrahim Aqif Bej Biçakçiu was the son of Aqif Pasha Biçakçiu of Elbasan. Ibrahim was born in Elbasan in 1905. His family helped in the Independence of Albania and it was through his family influence that he grew up with the same ideology and beliefs.

Balli Kombëtar[edit]

In 1943, together with Bedri bey Pejani and Xhafer Deva, he helped found a national committee of twenty-two Albanian and Kosovo Albanian leaders, which declared Albania independent and which elected an executive committee to form a provisional government.[2]

Prime minister[edit]

Following a week of negotiations, Ibrahim Bicaku agreed to lead a new and small government after Fiqri Dine.[3] Although Bicaku was the perfect friend of Germany, his reign was nevertheless quite incompetent. This was mainly because Germany was on the brink of defeat and the Albanian partisans were moving out, ready to strike.[4] Tirana paper noted that he had headed the provisional executive committee exactly one year earlier, prior to the construction of the Mitrovica government.[5] Bicaku had become, once again, the front man for the Germans. It was noted that Bicaku would occasionally play Ping-Pong with Ambassador Schliep.[6]

After the war[edit]

Despite many of the Ballists fleeing Albania after the Communists announced their victory, Biçakçiu, like Father Anton Harapi, choose not to leave and decided that he would rather die in his country of birth than on foreign soil.[7] He was arrested by communist forces in Shkodra on 6 December 1944 and was sentenced to life in prison at the Special Court in Tirana on 13 April 1945. He spent most of his years in prison in Burrel and was released on 5 May 1962 in Elbasan.[8] In his last years he was given a job as a public restrooms cleaner in his city of Elbasan.[9] Biçakçiu died on 4 January 1977.[10]

In Office[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Eqrem Bej Libohova
Prime Minister of Albania (under Nazi Germany)
September 25, 1943–October 24, 1943
Succeeded by
Mehdi Bej Frashëri
Preceded by
Fiqri Dine
Prime Minister of Albania (under Nazi Germany)
August 29, 1944–November 28, 1944
Succeeded by
Enver Hoxha


  1. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939-1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Robert Elsie. Historical dictionary of Kosovo. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  3. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939-1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939-1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939-1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939-1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Robert Elsie. "Hermann Neubacher: A Nazi Diplomat on Mission in Albania". Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  8. ^ Robert Elsie. A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Sekretet e 33 kryeministrave". Gazeta Tema. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  10. ^ Robert Elsie. "Final Report of the German Wehrmacht in Albania". Retrieved 31 January 2011.