Ibrahim Biçakçiu

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Ibrahim Biçakçiu
Ibrahim Biçakçiu.jpg
Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
In office
September 14, 1943 – October 24, 1943
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byMehdi Frashëri
21st Prime Minister of Albania
In office
September 6, 1944 – October 26, 1944
Preceded byFiqri Dine
Succeeded byEnver Hoxha
Personal details
Born10 September 1905
Elbasan, Albania (then Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire)
Died4 January 1977 (aged 71)
Elbasan, People's Socialist Republic of Albania
Political partyBalli Kombëtar
ProfessionPrime Minister, Agronomist
Signature

Ibrahim Aqif Biçakçiu (also known as Ibrahim Biçaku) was an Albanian landowner and Axis collaborator, Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee from September 14 to October 24, 1943, and Prime Minister of Albania from September 6 to October 26, 1944 during the Nazi occupation.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Born in 1905, Ibrahim Biçakçiu was the son of Aqif Pasha Biçakçiu of Elbasan. His family helped in the Independence of Albania and it was through his family's influence that he grew up with the same ideology and beliefs.

World War II[edit]

In 1943, together with Bedri bey Pejani and Xhafer Deva, he helped found a national committee of twenty-two Albanian and Kosovo Albanian leaders, which declared Albania independent from fascist occupation and which elected an executive committee to form a provisional government.[2]

Prime minister[edit]

Following a week of negotiations, Ibrahim Biçaku agreed to lead a new and small government after Fiqiri Dine.[3] Although Biçaku was the perfect friend of Germany, his reign was nevertheless quite incompetent. This was mainly because Germany was on the brink of defeat and the Albanian partisans were moving out, ready to strike.[4] Tirana paper noted that he had headed the provisional executive committee exactly one year earlier, prior to the construction of the Mitrovica government.[5] Biçaku had become, once again, the front man for the Germans. It was noted that Biçaku would occasionally play Ping-Pong with Ambassador Schliep (de).[6]

After the war[edit]

Despite many of the Ballists fleeing Albania after the Communists announced their victory, Biçakçiu, like Father Anton Harapi and Cafo Beg Ulqini, chose not to leave and decided that he would rather die in his country of birth than on foreign soil.[7] He was arrested by communist forces in Shkodra on 6 December 1944 and was sentenced to life in prison at the Special Court in Tirana on 13 April 1945. He spent most of his years in prison in Burrel and was released on 5 May 1962 in Elbasan.[8] In his last years he was given a job as a public restrooms cleaner in his city of Elbasan.[9] Biçakçiu died on 4 January 1977.[10]

In Office[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Position Established
Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
September 14, 1943–October 24, 1943
Succeeded by
Mehdi Bej Frashëri
Preceded by
Fiqri Dine
Prime Minister of Albania (under Nazi Germany)
September 6, 1944–October 26, 1944
Succeeded by
Enver Hoxha

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939–1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  2. ^ Robert Elsie. Historical dictionary of Kosovo. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  3. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939–1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  4. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939–1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  5. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939–1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  6. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer. Albania at war, 1939–1945. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  7. ^ Robert Elsie. "Hermann Neubacher: A Nazi Diplomat on Mission in Albania". Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  8. ^ Robert Elsie. A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Sekretet e 33 kryeministrave". Gazeta Tema. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  10. ^ Robert Elsie. "Final Report of the German Wehrmacht in Albania". Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2011.