Ibrahim Munir Mustafa

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Ibrahim Munir Mustafa is the most senior member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the United Kingdom he is currently the Secretary General of the International Organisation of the Muslim Brotherhood and the spokesman for the Muslim Brotherhood in the West.

Early years[edit]

Ibrahim Munir Mustafa (1 June 1937) was born in Giza, Egypt. His full name is Ahmed Ibrahim Munir Mustafa.[1] He joined the Muslim Brotherhood at an early age and was sentenced to life imprisonment in Egypt in the 1950s following the attempted assassination of the Egyptian leader Gamal Abd al-Nasser.[2] Mustafa was released in 1975 and left for the Persian Gulf region and moved to the United Kingdom in the early 1980s. He applied for political asylum which was granted.[3]

United Kingdom[edit]

Since Mustafa arrived in the United Kingdom he has become active in Muslim Brotherhood activities not only promoting the causes of his own movement but also more general Islamic causes. He was a director at the Islamic charity Human Relief International,[4] the Takaful Trust[5] and The Renaissance Foundation[6] in the 1990s. In an interview with Asharq al-Awsat in 2011 he said that he had not visited Egypt since 1987.[7]

The activities of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and the International Organisation of the Muslim Brotherhood are coordinated from the Muslim Brotherhood office at Cricklewood Broadway in London.[8] From the Cricklewood Broadway office the Muslim Brotherhood also publishes its weekly Arabic language newsletter Risalat al-Ikhwan of which Ibrahim Munir Mustafa is the general supervisor and his deputy Mahmoud El-Abiary the chief editor.[9]

2010 Court Case[edit]

In 2010 then Egyptian Attorney General Abdul Magid Mahmoud referred a case against Muslim Brotherhood leader abroad to the State Supreme Security Emergency Court for trial. One of the defendants in the case was Ibrahim Munir Mustafa. He was previously acquitted by lower courts in Egypt in a case known as the Global Network.[10] Among the charges were money laundering and raising funds abroad for an outlawed group.[11] Mustafa was tried in absence and was convicted to a sentence of 5 years in jail.[12]

In a response to the sentence by the Egypt court Mustafa said that "he respected the Egyptian judiciary but the regime obliged him to do so, noting that international justice is sufficient to prove his innocence and he denies any false accusations fabricated by the Egyptian regime."[13] Within a day of the sentence in Egypt Ibrahim Munir Mustafa had appealed that sentence before a British court which was going to hear his case within a month. "I was sentenced to five years' imprisonment on charges of money laundering before a state security court emergency on Saturday". He also pointed out that "he would resort to the international court of justice to prove his innocence."[14] With all the strict regulations on money transfers he said it was difficult to launder money from the UK to Egypt, according to Mustafa.

Erbakan Funeral in 2011[edit]

In early March 2011 the former Turkish Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan died and was buried in Istanbul.[15] The burial of Erbakan brought a large delegation of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood to Istanbul and include former Supreme Guide of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood Mahdi Akef, Mahmoud Ezzat, Saad El-Katatni, Ayman Aly, Youssef Nada but also Ibrahim Munir Moustafa and his deputy Mahmoud El-Abiary.[16][17]

Mustafa since the ouster of Egyptian President Morsi[edit]

Since the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état which ousted Muslim Brotherhood president Mohamed Morsi the London office of the Muslim Brotherhood has become the de facto headquarters for the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood outside Egypt, with Ibrahim Munir Mustafa in a leading position. Since the Muslim Brotherhood lost power in Egypt the position of Mustafa has become more visible.

On 17 July 2013 Mustafa wrote an Op-Ed in Asharq al-Awsat where he claimed that Morsi's ouster was in fact a military coup.[18]

Also on social media Ibrahim Munir Mustafa can be seen attending many demonstration in London organised by different organisations often close to the Muslim Brotherhood under the umbrella the UK Anti-Coup Alliance often showing the Rabia sign.

Jenkins Report on the Muslim Brotherhood[edit]

In April 2014 British Prime Minister David Cameron commissioned an internal review of the Muslim Brotherhood, including its origins, ideology, record in and out of government; and its organisation and activities in the UK and abroad.[19] The investigation started earlier.[20] In June 2014 Ibrahim Munir Mustafa was to meet with Sir John Jenkins who led the U.K. government's review of the Muslim Brotherhood. Mustafa said about the review: "Regardless of the outcome of the review, we will adhere to our principles – and the main one is acting peacefully," he added. "We will abide by British law, but history will judge this action. I expect this review will clear the name of the Brotherhood. But if the result is negative, we will deal with it legally."[21]

In the released findings of the review of the Muslim Brotherhood by the U.K. government, Mustafa is not mentioned by name but it is clear that the review team spoke with him. "The most senior member of the Muslim Brotherhood permanently resident in the UK told the review team that he coordinated some Muslim Brotherhood international activity, but not Muslim Brotherhood activity in this country."[19]

Ibrahim Munir Mustafa denies that he became acting Supreme Guide of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood[edit]

In August 2015 Ibrahim Munir Mustafa denied reports that had surfaced in Egyptian and Arab newspapers that he had become the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood's new deputy Supreme Guide and acting Supreme Guide. He released a statement: "I stress that Dr Mahmoud Ezzat is still the deputy supreme guide and acting supreme guide. With regards my being assigned the duties of the deputy supreme guide, I had been tasked with this some time ago and it is not new."[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ahmed Ibrahim Monir Moustafa".
  2. ^ Ian Black, Muslim Brotherhood leader hits out at Britain after Sisi sworn in, The Guardian, 8 June 2014; https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/08/muslim-brotherhood-hits-out-britain-sisi-egypt
  3. ^ Profile of Ibrahim Munir; https://www.live-let-live.org/private/Munir.pdf
  4. ^ "Human Relief International :: OpenCorporates".
  5. ^ "Takaful Trus :: OpenCorporates".
  6. ^ "The Renaissance Foundation :: OpenCorporates".
  7. ^ Asharq Al-Awsat, A talk with the Muslim Brotherhood’s Ibrahim Munir, 11 January 2011; http://english.aawsat.com/2011/01/article55247947/a-talk-with-the-muslim-brotherhoods-ibrahim-munir a copy of this interview was also published on the official website of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and identified the journalist of Asharq Al-Awsat as Mohammed al-Shafey; http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=27804
  8. ^ Robert Booth, The Muslim Brotherhood's new nerve centre: Cricklewood? The Guardian, 1 April 2014;https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/01/muslim-brotherhood-cricklewood-london
  9. ^ Ikhwanweb, General supervisor of ‘Risalat Al-Ikhwan’ in Al Hiwar satellite TV, 26 December 2006; http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=2791
  10. ^ Egypt: Five prominent activists, including Saudi national, referred to trial in a new phase of MB oppression, 21 April 2010;http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=24392
  11. ^ Egypt charges MB members abroad with money laundering, 22 April 2010; http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=24432
  12. ^ Five MB Leaders Served Sentences Ranging up to Eight Years Despite Previous Acquittals; 8 January 2011;http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=27766
  13. ^ Saeed Abbadi, MB leader Ibrahim Munir: I Will Turn to International Court of Justice to Prove Innocence, Ikhwanweb, 12 January 2011;http://www.ikhwanweb.com/article.php?id=27802
  14. ^ Idem
  15. ^ Daily Mail, Hundreds of thousands flock to the funeral of the man who inspired modern Turkey, 2 March 2011; http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1361860/Necmettin-Erbakan-funeral-The-man-inspired-modern-Turkey.html
  16. ^ مصطفى الطحان. "نوافذ » تربية ومجتمع » نجم الدين أربكان في ذمة الله". نوافذ.
  17. ^ "March « 2011 «  Mustafa Tahhan Web Blog".
  18. ^ Ibrahim Munir, Debate: Mursi’s ouster was a military coup, Asharq Al-Awsat, 17 July 2013; http://english.aawsat.com/2013/07/article55309972/debate-mursis-ouster-was-a-military-coup
  19. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2016-01-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Nicolas Watt,David Cameron orders inquiry into activities of Muslim Brotherhood, The Guardian, 31 March 2014;https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/01/cameron-muslim-brotherhood-orders-inquiry-extremism
  21. ^ Ian Black, Muslim Brotherhood leader hits out at Britain after Sisi sworn in, The Guardian, 8 June 2014; https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/08/muslim-brotherhood-hits-out-britain-sisi-egypt == Mustafa denies to be acting supreme guide of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood=
  22. ^ Middle East Monitor,Ibrahim Munir denies reports he is now Brotherhood's Supreme Guide, 10 August 2015;https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/africa/20324-ibrahim-munir-denies-reports-he-is-now-brotherhoods-supreme-guide