Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali
|Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali|
|The Fourth Sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty|
|Predecessor||Subhan Quli Qutb Shah|
|Successor||Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah|
|Died||5 June 1580|
|Father||Quli Qutb Mulk|
Ibrahim Qutb Shah Wali (1518 – 5 June 1580) (Urdu: ابراہیم قلی قطب شاہ) was the fourth ruler of the kingdom of Golconda in southern India. He was the first of the Qutb Shahi dynasty to use the title "Sultan". He ruled from 1550 to 1580.
Ibrahim's brother, Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah, killed their own father and blinded their eldest brother, taking the throne in 1543. Ibrahim ran away and lived in exile as an honored guest of the powerful patriarch of Vijayanagara, Aliya Rama Raya. There, he developed a love for the Telugu language, which he patronized and encouraged during his reign. Ibrahim employed Hindus for administrative, diplomatic and military purposes within his sultanate.
When Jamsheed and a little later Jamsheed's infant son Subhan throned, Ibrahim returned to Golconda and took the throne. Following the battle of Talikota in 1565, Ibrahim was able to take the hill forts of Adoni and Udayagiri.
A patron of the arts, Ibrahim sponsored many court poets, such as Singanacharyudu, Addanki Gangadharudu, and Kandukuru Rudrakavi. There were Telugu poets, in a break from tradition, as well as Arabic and Persian poets in his court. He is also known in Telugu literature as, Malki Bharama. He took keen interest in the welfare of his people. He also repaired and fortified Golconda Fort and developed the Hussain Sagar lake and Ibrahim Bagh. He is described in one of the inscriptions on the "Makki Darwaza" in the fort as "The Greatest of Sovereigns".
After a short illness Ibrahim died in 1580.
- Masʻūd Ḥusain K̲h̲ān̲, Mohammad Quli Qutb Shah, Volume 216, (Sahitya Akademi, 1996), 2.
- Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 118. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
- Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals, Part II, (Har-Anand, 2009), 189.
- Salma Ahmed Farooqui, A Comprehensive History of Medieval India: From Twelfth to the Mid-Eighteenth Century, (Dorling Kindersley Pvt. Ltd, 2011), 178.
Subhan Quli Qutb Shah
|Qutb Shahi dynasty
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
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