Ibrahim Shah Suri

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Islam Shah Suri
Sultan of the Suri Empire
PredecessorMuhammad Adil Shah
SuccessorSikandar Shah Suri
HouseSur dynasty
DynastySur dynasty

Ibrahim Shah Suri was the fifth ruler of Sur dynasty, a Pashtun (Afghan) dynasty of late medieval northern India.


Ibrahim Khan Suri was son of Ghazi Khan. He was the brother-in-law of sultan Muhammad Adil Shah. He was the governor of Agra in 1555, when he revolted against the sultan. Adil Shah despatched his army to crush the revolt, but he defeated Adil's army and marched towards Delhi. After capturing Delhi, he assumed the regal title and became Ibrahim Shah Suri. But in the same year, Sikandar Shah Suri defeated him at Farah, 32 km from Agra in spite of the numerical superiority of Ibrahim's army. Sikandar took possession of both Delhi and Agra.[1]

Later days[edit]

After losing Delhi and Agra, Ibrahim began his strife with Adil Shah. But he was defeated by Adil's army led by his wazir Hemu twice, first near Kalpi and next near Khanua. He took refuge in the fort of Bayana, but it was besieged by Hemu's army. He got some respite when Hemu was recalled by Adil. Later, Ibrahim took refuge in Orissa, where he died in 1567-68.[1]

Preceded by
Muhammad Adil Shah
Shah of Delhi
Succeeded by
Sikandar Shah Suri


  1. ^ a b Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1,pp.94-6