Ibrahim Yaacob

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Ibrahim bin Haji Yaacob (1911 – 8 March 1979) was a Malayan politician. An opponent of the British colonial government, he was president and founder of the Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM).[1] During World War II, he supported the Japanese during their occupation of Malaya.[1] Imprisoned by the British, he was freed by the Japanese in February 1942, only to be recaptured by British forces in Singapore later that same year.[2] He died in Jakarta on 8 March 1979.[3]

Yaacob was born in Temerloh, Pahang, to a family of Bugis descent.[4] In 1929, he joined the Sultan Idris Teachers' Training College and graduated two years later as a teacher. During the 1930s, he wrote a series of articles that were critical of the British administration to the Malay newspapers, and was later forced to resign after receiving a warning from the British authorities. He became the editor of a nationalistic newspaper, Majlis, and formed the KMM in 1938.[5] The goal of KMM is to achieve independence for Malaya through union with Indonesia.[6] As a member of KMM, he welcomed and worked with Japanese as they believe that Japanese will give Malaya independence and actively assist them through fifth column activities.[7]

Places named after him[edit]

Several places were named after him, including:

  • SMK Dato' Ibrahim Yaacob, a secondary school in Kuala Lumpur
  • Kolej Ibrahim Yaakub, a residential college at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor


  1. ^ a b "Malaysia Today: MT-Book Section: Introduction". Malaysia-Today.net. Archived from the original on 29 December 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Bartleby.com: Great Books Online -- Quotes, Poems, Novels, Classics and hundreds more". Bartleby.com. Archived from the original on 18 December 2002. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  3. ^ The Japanese Occupation of Malaya, 1941-45: Ibrahim Yaacob and the Struggle for Indonesia Raya, Cheah Boon Kheng Indonesia, Vol. 28, Oct. 1979 (October 1979), pp. 84–120
  4. ^ Asia, the Winning of Independence: The Winning of Independence: the Philippines, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaya, by Robin Jeffrey, Macmillan, 1981, ISBN 0-333-27856-9, pg 297
  5. ^ Asia, the Winning of Independence: The Winning of Independence: the Philippines, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaya, Jeffery, pg 297
  6. ^ Lebra, Joyce (1 January 2010). "Japanese-trained Armies in Southeast Asia". Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Retrieved 21 April 2017 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Ling, Ooi Giok; Ismail, Assoc Prof Rahil; Shaw, Dr Brian J. (28 November 2012). "Southeast Asian Culture and Heritage in a Globalising World: Diverging Identities in a Dynamic Region". Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Retrieved 21 April 2017 – via Google Books.