Icelandic Airlines Flight 001
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (July 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
A DC-8 similar to the one involved.
|Date||November 15, 1978|
|Site||Katunayake, Sri Lanka|
|Aircraft type||Douglas DC-8-63CF|
|Operator||Icelandic Airlines operating for Garuda Indonesia|
|Flight origin||Jeddah International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia|
|Destination||Bandaranaike International Airport, Colombo, Sri Lanka|
Loftleiðir HF LL 001, a charter flight, crashed on November 15, 1978 on approach just short of the runway at the international airport of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The Douglas DC-8 crash killed 8 of the 13 Icelandic crew members, 5 reserve crew members and 170 (mostly Indonesian) Muslim pilgrims from South Borneo, out of a total of 262 passengers and crew. The official report by Sri Lankan authorities gave the probable cause of the crash as being failure of the crew to conform to approach procedures; however U.S. and Icelandic authorities officially claim faulty equipment at the airport and air traffic control error as the cause of the crash. It is by far the worst crash in Icelandic aviation history and the second worst in Sri Lankan aviation history after Martinair Flight 138 that crashed four years before.
The flight departed Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, en route to Surabaya in Indonesia. It was to land at Colombo-Bandaranaike International Airport for a refueling stop and crew rotation. Thunderstorms were in the area, and windshear was an issue.
The aircraft involved in the incident was a DC-8 chartered for Hajj operations; the aircraft's registration number was TF-FLA, and its name was "Leifur Eiríksson".
- "Report of the Commission of Inquiry appointed by His Excellency the president to inquire into the causes and circumstances in which Loftleider Icelandic Airways aircraft DC-8-63F TF-FLA met with an accident in the vicinity of the Katunayake Airport on 15th November 1978" (PDF). Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2014.