Icelandic goat

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Icelandic goat
Icelandic goats.jpg
Icelandic goats in Mýrasýsla county
Country of originIceland
Usemeat, milk
Wool colorwhite
Face colorwhite
Horn statushorned in both sexes

The Icelandic goat (Icelandic: íslenska geitin [ˈistlɛnska ˈceiːtɪn]), also known as the 'settlement goat', is an ancient breed of domestic goat believed to be of Norwegian origin and dating back to the settlement of Iceland over 1100 years ago.[1] This breed of goat was on the verge of extinction during the late 19th century, but recovered prior to World War II, only to precipitously decline again. As of 2003, there were 348 goats in 48 flocks distributed throughout most parts of Iceland.[2] At the end of 2012, the herd had increased to 849.[3] Since this breed has been isolated for centuries, the Icelandic populations are highly inbred. The Icelandic goat is very rare outside its native land.[4] Under its coarse, long guard hair, the Icelandic goat has a coat of high quality cashmere fiber. Icelandic goats are kept mainly as pets and their economic potential for meat, milk, cashmere and skin production remains to be explored. The Icelandic goat is currently of little economic value.[2]

The Icelandic goat is the only farm animal sponsored by the Icelandic government for the purpose of ensuring its survival. In 2014, the annual grant was ISK 4,200 (36 US dollars) per goat,[3] for a maximum of 20 goats, down from ISK 6,500 (56 US dollars) per goat in 2010, contingent upon the owner submitting a report on each animal.[5] Farmer Jóhanna Bergmann Þorvaldsdóttir has been breeding the Icelandic goat to save it from extinction.[6]

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  1. ^ Porter, Valerie; Alderson, Lawrence; Hall, Stephen J.G.; Sponenberg, D. Phillip. Masons World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding : 2 volume Pack. p. 374. ISBN 9781845934668.
  2. ^ a b "The Icelandic Goat Breed, Icelandic Sheep Breeders of North America". 1994-07-08. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  3. ^ a b Atvinnu- og nýsköpunarráðuneytið (2014). ""Niðurstöður starfshóps um málefni íslenska geitfjárstofnsins" (Conclusions of the Working Group on the Icelandic Goat Breed)" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  4. ^ Porter, Valerie, 1942- (1996). Goats of the world. Farming Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 0852363478.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Daily Life - Last Chance to See…; The Icelandic Goat (ESA), Iceland Review Online, 15 October 2010". Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  6. ^ Dunsmith, Gabriel (5 April 2017). "Outside Of Reykjavík: Mountains, Sagas And... Goats". The Reykjavík Grapevine. Retrieved 3 November 2017.

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