Ichinsky

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Ichinsky
Ichinsky is located in Russia
Ichinsky
Ichinsky
Location in Russia
Highest point
Elevation3,607 m (11,834 ft) [1]
Prominence3,125 m (10,253 ft) [1]
Ranked 75th
Isolation164 kilometres (102 mi)
ListingUltra
Coordinates55°40′42″N 157°43′06″E / 55.67833°N 157.71833°E / 55.67833; 157.71833Coordinates: 55°40′42″N 157°43′06″E / 55.67833°N 157.71833°E / 55.67833; 157.71833[1]
Geography
LocationKamchatka, Russia
Parent rangeSredinny Range
Geology
Age of rockPleistoceneHolocene
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption1740

Ichinsky (Russian: Ичинский or Ичинская сопка, Ichinskaya sopka) is a large stratovolcano located in the central part of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. At 3,607 metres (11,834 ft), it is the highest peak of the Sredinny Range, the central range of the peninsula. Ichinsky is also among the largest volcanoes in Kamchatka, with a volume of about 450 cubic kilometres (110 cu mi).

The volcano is capped by a 3-by-5-kilometre (2 by 3 mi) summit caldera, within which rise two lava domes which are the highest peaks. The entire summit area is covered by a substantial ice cap, and several large glaciers descend the flanks of the cone. There is ongoing fumarolic activity within the caldera.

A dozen more dacite and rhyodacite lava domes are found on the flanks of the volcano below the caldera rim. Basaltic and dacitic lava flows extand form the lower flanks, some as long as 10–15 kilometres (6–9 mi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources
  • "Ichinsky". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Kamchatka: Ichinsky
  • Sviatlovskii, A. E. (Aleksandr Evgenevich) (1959). Aтлас Вулканов СССР / Atlas of Volcanoes of the USSR. Moskva: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR. p. 176 pp. (in Russian, with brief English summaries)
  • Fedotov, S. A.; Masurenkov, Yu. P., eds. (1991). Действующие Вулканы Камчатки / Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Moskva: Izd-vo Nauka. Vol. 1, 304 pp. and Vol. 2, 416 pp. ISBN 5-02-003377-4. (in Russian, with English summaries)