Church of Transfiguration on the river Ichen’ka
|City status on||1957|
|• Total||16.16 km2 (6.24 sq mi)|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Íčnja (Ukrainian: І́чня, Ukrainian pronunciation: [ˈit͡ʃnʲɑ]) is a town in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine, located on the Ichenka River. It is the center of Ichnia Raion. Population: 11,357 (2015 est.)
The city got its name from the river named Ichena (or Ichen'), which was in time renamed into Ichen’ka.
In the middle of the 16th century, Ichnia was granted with the status of a market town. In 1666, a town hall was built. Probably at this time, the Ichnia's castle was built. Residents of the city participated in the struggle against the Swedish army of Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War.
As of 1788, three annual fairs were held in Ichnia, in which residents traded bread, cattle, victuals, and wooden utensils.
There were four schools in Ichnia in the 18th century.
At the beginning of the 19th century, landowner G. Galagan founded a cloth factory in the town, as well as a sugar factory, 2 distilleries, brick factories, and saltpeter factories.
In 1894, the town was included into a local railroad connection. In 1897, there were four stone churches. The town operated a post office, hospital, rural and ministerial school, and library.
In 1957, Ichnia received the status of a town.
At present, the leading industry in Ichnia is the food industry (alcohol, tobacco, feed mill, canning, and cheese-milk powder).
Sonia Greene (16 March 1883 - 26 December 1972) - a one-time pulp fiction writer and amateur publisher, a single mother, business woman, and successful milliner, who bankrolled several fanzines in the early 20th century.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Ichnia, Chernihiv Oblast. Official portal of the Parliament of Ukraine (Verkhovna Rada)
- Official site of the State Administration of Ichnia Raion
- The murder of the Jews of Ichnia during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.
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