Ichthyocampus carce

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Freshwater pipefish
Ichthyocampus carce Achilles 174.jpg
Scientific classification
I. carce
Binomial name
Ichthyocampus carce
Hamilton 1822[1]

Ichthyocampus carce, also known as the freshwater pipefish or Indian freshwater pipefish is a species of marine fish belonging to the family Syngnathidae [1]. It can be found mainly in freshwater streams, rivers, and estuaries located in the Indian Ocean and West Pacific, from Indonesia to the western coast of India[2][3]. It can live in both inland and coastal waters. This species can grow to a length of 15cm and feeds primarily on small invertebrates and zooplankton. Reproduction occurs through ovoviviparity, in which the males carry eggs in a brood pouch before giving live birth [2][4]. Males of this species can brood roughly 280 offspring at a time[3].


  1. ^ a b c Pollom, R. (2016). "Ichthyocampus carce". doi:10.2305/iucn.uk.2017-2.rlts.t172468a60630493.en.
  2. ^ a b Dawson, C.E. (1985). Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA: The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory.
  3. ^ a b Dawson, C.E. (1977). Synopsis of Syngnathine pipefishes usually referred to the genus Ichthyocampus Kaup, with description of new genera and species (4 ed.). Bulletin of Marine Science. pp. 595–650.
  4. ^ Breder, C.M. and Rosen, D.E. 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.

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