From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Caecilian wynaad1.jpg
Scientific classification

Fitzinger, 1826

See text

Ichthyophis is a genus of caecilians (limbless amphibians, sometimes called the Asian caecilians) found in Southeast Asia, the southern Philippines, and the western Indo-Australian Archipelago.

In Sri Lanka, three species occur, and all are found in almost all habitats, preferring moister ones. The most common is Ichthyophis glutinosus, which is found in almost all altitudes; the others are I. orthoplicatus, which is found in similar habitat to I. glutinosus, but is never found in lowlands below 460 metres (1,510 ft) above sea level; and I. pseudangularis, found in lowlands below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) ASL. A new species was recently discovered called Ichthyophis multicolor.


Binomial name and author Common name
I. acuminatus Taylor, 1960 pointed-headed caecilian
I. atricollaris Taylor, 1965 Long Bloee caecilian
I. bannanicus Yang, 1984 Banna caecilian
I. beddomei Peters, 1880 yellow-striped caecilian
I. bernisi Salvador, 1975 Indonesian caecilian
I. biangularis Taylor, 1965 angular caecilian
I. billitonensis Taylor, 1965 Billiton Island caecilian
I. bombayensis Taylor, 1960 Bombay caecilian
I. cardamomensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cardamom Mountains caecilian
I. catlocensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cat Loc caecilian
I. chaloensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cha Lo caecilian
I. dulitensis Taylor, 1960 Mount Dulit caecilian
I. elongatus Taylor, 1965 elongated caecilian
I. garoensis Pillai & Ravichandran, 1999 Garo Hills caecilian
I. glandulosus Taylor, 1923 Basilan Island caecilian
I. glutinosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Ceylon caecilian
I. humphreyi Taylor, 1973 Humphrey's caecilian
I. husaini Pillai & Ravichandran, 1999 Husain's caecilian
I. hypocyaneus (Boie, 1827) Bantam caecilian
I. javanicus Taylor, 1960 Javan caecilian
I. khumhzi Kamei et al., 2007 Khumhzi Striped Ichthyophis
I. kodaguensis Wilkinson, Gower, Govindappa & Venkatachalaiah, 2007 Kodagu striped caecilian
I. kohtaoensis Taylor, 1960 Koa Tao Island caecilian
I. laosensis Taylor, 1969 Upper Laos caecilian
I. longicephalus Pillai, 1986 long-headed caecilian
I. mindanaoensis Taylor, 1960 Mindanao Island caecilian
I. monochrous (Bleeker, 1858) Western Borneo caecilian
I. moustakius Kamei et al., 2007
I. multicolor Wilkinson et al., 2014
I. nguyenorum Nishikawa, Matsui, and Orlov, 2012
I. orthoplicatus Taylor, 1965 Pattipola caecilian
I. paucisulcus Taylor, 1960 Siantar caecilian
I. pseudangularis Taylor, 1965 Taylor's caecilian
I. sendenyu Kamei et al., 2007
I. sikkimensis Taylor, 1960 Sikkimese caecilian
I. singaporensis Taylor, 1960 Singapore caecilian
I. sumatranus Taylor, 1960 Sumatra caecilian
I. supachaii Taylor, 1960 Supachai's caecilian
I. tricolor Annandale, 1909 three-colored caecilian
I. youngorum Taylor, 1960 Doi Suthep caecilian


  • Frost, Darrel R. 2008. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference(15 July 2008). Ichthyophis. Electronic Database accessible at https://web.archive.org/web/20071024033938/http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: August 13, 2008).
  • Geissler, P.; Poyarkov, N. A. Jr.; Grismer, L.; Nguyen, T. Q.; An, H. T.; Neang, T.; Kupfer, A.; Ziegler, T.; Böhme, W.; Müller, H. (2014-12-24). "New Ichthyophis species from Indochina (Gymnophiona, Ichthyophiidae): 1. The unstriped forms with descriptions of three new species and the redescriptions of I. acuminatus Taylor, 1960, I. youngorum Taylor, 1960 and I. laosensis Taylor, 1969". Organisms Diversity & Evolution. doi:10.1007/s13127-014-0190-6.
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Ichthyophis. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 13, 2008).
  • Himstedt, Werner. "Caecilian Ecology". In Hofrichter, Robert. Amphibians: The World of Frogs, Toads, Salamanders and Newts. New York: Firefly. pp. 186–190. ISBN 1-55209-541-X.