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Ichtyoselmis macrantha
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Fumarioideae
Tribe: Fumarieae
Subtribe: Corydalinae
Genus: Ichtyoselmis
Lidén & T.Fukuhara
Species: I. macrantha
Binomial name
Ichtyoselmis macrantha
(Oliv.) Lidén

Dicentra macrantha Oliv.

Ichtyoselmis macrantha (also spelled Ichthyoselmis; formerly known as Dicentra macrantha; large-flowered dicentra) is the only species in the genus Ichtyoselmis. It is a perennial plant growing from a long rhizome, native to woodland and glades at elevations of 1,500–2,700 metres (4,900–8,900 ft) in northern Burma and southern China.

In Sichuan Province, China, it is known as goldfish plant, because of the shape and color of the flowers.


Ichtyoselmis comes from Greek ἰχθύς (ichthŷs, "fish")[1] and selmís ("fishing line").[2] Although the correct spelling of the Greek word uses th (theta), the scientific name uses t.


Leaves are divided in threes twice or three times and toothed.

Flowers hang at the end of leafy stems up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall in cymes of 3-14 flowers and have two long, thin sepals and four cream to pale yellow petals. The two outer petals are bent outwards. The two inner petals are connected at the tip and pointed.


  • Bleeding hearts, Corydalis, and their relatives. Mark Tebbitt, Magnus Lidén, and Henrik Zetterlund. Timber Press. 2008. — Google Books

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