|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|CAS Registry Number|
|Molecular mass||354.403 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Iclaprim (INN), codenamed AR-100 and RO-48-2622, is a diaminopyrimidine dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR)-inhibiting extended-spectrum antibiotic active against gram positive organisms being developed for the treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. It is structurally related to trimethoprim. In Phase III clinical trials, intravenously-administered iclaprim was found to be as effective as and better tolerated than linezolid in people with skin and soft tissue infections, many caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In vitro, iclaprim is highly active against MRSA, vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA), strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae resistant to several common antibiotics, and some Gram-negative bacteria.
A new drug application for iclaprim was filed with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in March 2008, and a marketing authorisation application (MAA) was accepted by the European Medicines Agency on August 21, 2008. Phase II clinical trials are being conducted to assess whether iclaprim can be taken by mouth as well as intravenously and whether it is effective for the treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia.
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- "Arpida Submits New Drug Application for Intravenous Iclaprim for Treatment of Skin Infections" (Press release). Reuters. March 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
- "Arpida's iclaprim MAA Accepted for Review by EMEA" (Press release). PR Newswire. August 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
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- Arpida receives FDA complete response letter for Iclaprim
- Schneider P, Hawser S, Islam K (December 2003). "Iclaprim, a novel diaminopyrimidine with potent activity on trimethoprim sensitive and resistant bacteria" (PDF). Bioorg Med Chem Lett 13 (23): 4217–21. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2003.07.023. PMID 14623005.