Ida-Viru County

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Ida-Viru County
Narva castle 2008.JPG
Coat of arms of Ida-Viru County
Coat of arms
Location of Ida-Viru County
CountryEstonia
CapitalJõhvi
Largest townNarva
Area
 • Total2,972 km2 (1,147 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total136,240
 • Rank3rd
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Russians73.1%
 • Estonians18.9%
 • Ukrainians2.3%
 • other5.7%
ISO 3166 codeEE-44
Vehicle registrationI

Ida-Viru County (Estonian: Ida-Viru maakond), (Russian: Ида-Вируский уезд, Ида-Вирумаа) or Ida-Virumaa, is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is the most north-eastern part of the country. The county contains large deposits of oil shale - the main mineral mined in Estonia. As oil shale is used in thermal power plants, the earth in Ida-Viru contains most of Estonia's energy resources. The capital of the county is the town of Jõhvi which is administratively united with the Jõhvi Parish. In January 2019 Ida-Viru County had a population of 136,240 – constituting 10.3% of the total population in Estonia.[1][2] It borders Lääne-Viru County in the west, Jõgeva County in the southwest and Russia (Leningrad Oblast) in the east.

History[edit]

During the latter part of the period of Soviet rule of Estonia, Ida-Virumaa was called Kohtla-Järve district, and its administrative capital was Kohtla-Järve.

County Government[edit]

County Government (Estonian: maavalitsus), led by a governor (Estonian: maavanem), ceased to exist after administrative reform in 2017. The last governor of Ida-Viru county was Andres Noormägi.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Ida-Viru county declined from 221,807 in 1990 to 168,656 in 2010.

In January 2017, the population of Ida-Virumaa was 143,880, which makes it the third largest county in Estonia (after Harju and Tartu counties, which include the capital Tallinn and country's second-largest city Tartu). 44.6% of the population are men and 55.4% women.[2]

In the aftermath of World War II, Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union and large swaths of Ida-Viru County underwent ethnic cleansing by the Soviet authorities. Estonians, who were forced out of the major population centers, including Narva, were replaced by colonists from Russia. As a result of mass migration from the Soviet Union, Ida-Viru County is now the only county in Estonia where ethnic Russians have largely replaced the indigenous Estonian population.

By ethnic origin, on 1 January 2017, 73.1% of the population were Russians, 18.9% were Estonians, 2.3% were Ukrainians, 2.1% were Belarusians and 0.9% were Finns.[2]

Municipalities[edit]

Ida-Virumaa County is subdivided into eight municipalities, of which four are urban (Estonian: linnad — cities or towns) and four are rural (Estonian: valladparishes). There are 217 villages in Ida-Virumaa.

Municipalities of Ida-Viru County
Rank Municipality Type Population
(2018)[4]
Area
km2[4]
Density[4]
1 Alutaguse Parish Rural 4,929 1,465 3.4
2 Jõhvi Parish Rural 11,645 124 93.9
3 Kohtla-Järve Urban 35,395 39 907.6
4 Lüganuse Parish Rural 8,942 599 14.9
5 Narva Urban 58,610 85 689.5
6 Narva-Jõesuu Urban 4,828 411 11.7
7 Sillamäe Urban 13,406 11 1,218.7
8 Toila Parish Rural 4,807 266 18.1

Landmarks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population number, area and density. administrative division as at 01.01.2018". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
  3. ^ "Maavanem". Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Elanike demograafiline jaotus maakonniti". Kohaliku omavalitsuse portaal. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°13′N 27°18′E / 59.217°N 27.300°E / 59.217; 27.300