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Her acting career began at the city theatre in Innsbruck. From 1924 to 1927 she took part in an ensemble at the Viennese Burgtheater. Between 1927 and 1929 it arose in the Theater in der Josefstadt, returning to the Burgtheater between 1935 and 1937. Roland was Jewish. She fled from Austria in 1938 and lived from 1940 to 1945 in New York. Later she resided in Switzerland.
She was married to Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi, a pioneer of European integration, who served as the founding president of the Paneuropean Union.