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Idaea or Idaia (Ancient Greek: Ἰδαία) is the name of several figures in Greek mythology, it means 'she who comes from Ida' or 'she who lives on Ida',[1] and is often associated with Mount Ida in Crete, and Mount Ida in the ancient Troad.


Those named Idaea include:

  • Idaea, the daughter of the Scythian king Dardanus, and wife of Phineus, who falsely accused her stepsons, leading to their imprisonment and torture.[3]
  • Idaea, a nymph who consorted with Zeus and became the mother of Cres, possible eponym of Crete.[5] She may be the same with Idaea, daughter of Minos who mothered Asterion by Zeus also.[6]


The name is related with Mount Ida. In the Iliad (2.821 etc.), Ida[7] means wooded hill, and recalls the mountain worship in the Minoan mother goddess religion.[8] Three inscriptions in Linear A, which represents the Minoan language , bear just the name i-da-ma-te (AR Zf 1 and 2, and KY Za 2). The inscriptions may refer to the mother goddess of Ida (Ἰδαία μάτηρ).[9][10]


  1. ^ Grimal, s.v. Idaea, p. 227.
  2. ^ Grimal, s.v. Idaea, p. 227; Tripp, s.v. Idaea (2), pp. 315–316; Diodorus Siculus, 4.75.1; Apollodorus, 3.12.1.
  3. ^ Grimal, s.v. Idaea p. 227; Tripp, s.v. Idaea (1), p. 315; Apollodorus, 3.15.3; Diodorus Siculus, 4.43.3–4, 4.44.3–4.
  4. ^ Diodorus Siculus, 3.61.2.
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Krētē
  6. ^ Clementine Recognitions 10.21
  7. ^ Ἴδα; alternative dialectal form (Ionic):Ἴδη Idē.
  8. ^ Nagy, Gregory (1963). "Greek-Like Elements in Linear A". Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies. Harvard University Press (4): 200.
  9. ^ F.Schachermeyer(1964) Die Minoische Kultur des alten Kreta, p. 266 .W.Kohlhammer Vorlag Stuttgart.
  10. ^ Richard Valance [1]