Idaho County, Idaho
|Idaho County, Idaho|
Location in the U.S. state of Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 4, 1864|
|Named for||A steamer called Idaho that was launched on the Columbia River in 1860|
|• Total||8,503 sq mi (22,023 km2)|
|• Land||8,477 sq mi (21,955 km2)|
|• Water||26 sq mi (67 km2), 0.3%|
|• Density||1.9/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zones||Pacific: UTC-8/-7
North of Salmon River
South of Salmon River
Idaho County is a county in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,267. The county seat is Grangeville. Previous county seats of the area were Florence (1864–75) and Mount Idaho (1875–1902).
Idaho County was founded 156 years ago as a region of Washington Territory in 1861, named for a steamer called Idaho that was launched on the Columbia River in 1860. It was reorganized by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on February 4, 1864. In this context, the Idaho Territory and the State of Idaho are both preceded by the county name.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Transportation
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 See also
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,503 square miles (22,020 km2), of which 8,477 square miles (21,960 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (0.3%) is water. It is the largest county by area in Idaho. The southeast portion of the Nez Perce Indian Reservation is in the county's northwest corner.
National protected areas
- Bitterroot National Forest – (part)
- Clearwater National Forest – (part)
- Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness – (part)
- Gospel Hump Wilderness
- Hells Canyon National Recreation Area – (part)
- Hells Canyon Wilderness – (part)
- Nez Perce National Forest
- Nez Perce National Historical Park – (part)
- Payette National Forest – (part)
- Salmon-Challis National Forest – (part)
- Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness – (part)
- Wallowa–Whitman National Forest – (part)
There are 4,431,720 acres (17,934.535 km², or 6,924.563 sq mi) of National Forest land within the county, more than in any county (or borough) outside of Alaska. National Forests and their acreage within the county are: Nez Perce National Forest 2,224,091; Clearwater National Forest 870,807; Payette National Forest 804,853; Bitterroot National Forest 464,108; Salmon National Forest 66,074; and Wallowa National Forest 1,787. The Nez Perce National Forest is located entirely within the county's borders, and is the largest National Forest lying within a single county.
Idaho County is one of the few counties in the United States with two time zones, divided by the Salmon River. Most of the county is in the Pacific Time Zone, but those areas south of the Salmon River are in the Mountain Time Zone.
- Chamberlain USFS Airport (U79) – Chamberlain Guard Station
- Cold Meadows USFS Airport (U81) – Cold Meadows Guard Station
- Cottonwood Municipal Airport (S84) – Cottonwood
- Dixie USFS Airport (A05) – Dixie
- Wilson Bar USFS Airport (C48) – Dixie
- Elk City Airport (S90) – Elk City
- Fish Lake USFS Airport (S92) – Fish Lake
- Idaho County Airport (S80) – Grangeville
- Kamiah Municipal Airport (S73) – Kamiah
- Kooskia Municipal Airport (S82) – Kooskia
- Moose Creek USFS Airport (1U1) – Moose Creek Ranger Station
- Orogrande Airport (USFS) (75C) – Orogrande
- Shearer USFS Airport (2U5) – Shearer
- Slate Creek Airport (1S7) – Slate Creek
- Warren USFS Airport (3U1) – Warren
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,511 people, 6,084 households, and 4,295 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 7,537 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.12% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 2.89% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. 1.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.7% were of German, 12.9% American, 11.7% English and 9.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 6,084 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 28.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,515, and the median income for a family was $33,919. Males had a median income of $28,383 versus $18,214 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,411. About 12.50% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.00% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,267 people, 6,834 households, and 4,536 families residing in the county. The population density was 1.9 inhabitants per square mile (0.73/km2). There were 8,744 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile (0.39/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.8% white, 3.0% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 39.8% were German, 16.6% were Irish, 15.0% were English, and 3.0% were American.
Of the 6,834 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 48.0 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,536 and the median income for a family was $39,263. Males had a median income of $36,885 versus $25,982 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,980. About 12.7% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Joseph Nathan Kane; Charles Curry Aiken (2005). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950–2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-5036-1.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Table 6 – NFS Acreage by State, Congressional District, and County, 30 September 2008
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- John M. Henderson and William S. Shiach, with Harry B. Averill, An Illustrated History of North Idaho: Embracing Nez Perces, Idaho, Latah, Kootenai and Shoshone Counties, State of Idaho. n.c. [Chicago]: Western Historical Publishing Co., 1903.
|Wikisource has the text of an 1879 American Cyclopædia article about Idaho County, Idaho.|
||Nez Perce County and Lewis County||Clearwater County||Missoula County, Montana|
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|Adams County||Valley County||Lemhi County|