Idaho wine

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Idaho
Wine region
Map of USA ID.svg
Official name State of Idaho
Type U.S. state
Year established 1890
Years of wine industry 1860s-present
Country United States
Sub-regions Snake River Valley AVA Eagle Foothills AVA The Lewis-Clark Valley AVA
Climate region Continental
Total area 83,642 square miles (216,632 km2)
Grapes produced Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer, Lemberger, Malbec, Merlot, Muscat Canelli, Orange Muscat, Petit Verdot, Pinot gris, Pinot noir, Riesling, Sauvignon blanc, Semillon, Syrah, Viognier, Zinfandel, Zweigelt[1]

Idaho wine refers to wine made from the U.S. state of Idaho.[2] Idaho has a long history of wine production with the first vineyards in the Pacific Northwest being planted here in the 1860s. Like in other areas Prohibition in the United States virtually wiped out the Idaho wine industry in the early twentieth century only to have it resurrected again in the 1970s.[1] Today, Idaho's wine industry is Idaho's fastest growing[3] agricultural industry.

Geography and climate[edit]

Located in the Pacific Northwest, the wine regions of Idaho resembles Eastern Washington though the region is affected by a greater diurnal temperature variation. The average vineyard in Idaho sits at an altitude of 1,800 feet (550 m) among the foot hills of the Rocky Mountains. A benefit of global warming has limited the severity of Idaho winters on the vineyards which were devastated with frost during the 1970s and 1980s.[2]

Since that era, the effect of global warming has been beneficial to the vineyards of southwestern Idaho. Although due to severe cold temperatures and frost in 2016 many growers lost a significant number of vines.

To grow better wines in the vineyards, several viticultural practices common in Idaho including the use of open canopies over the vines, drip irrigation and aggressive pruning to ensure lower yields.[2]

Grapes[edit]

Since the 1970s, Idaho wine has been known for its cool climate white varietals like Riesling (including Ice wine), Chenin blanc, Chardonnay and Gewürztraminer. In recent years there have been an increased focus on red wine productions, notably Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Syrah.[2]

Grape production[edit]

In 1999, the Idaho Department of Agriculture reported a total of twenty-three farms producing wine grapes. The farms reported a total of 656 acres (265 ha) in production, which represented 7% of the state total area for fruit production.[4] By the 2006 report, a total of forty-nine farms were included in the census. These operations reported a total of 1,214 acres (491 ha) in production with 843,052 vines of bearing age This represents a growth of 85.8% over the 1999 survey. Canyon County vineyards contain 81% of the state's total inventory of grape vines.[5] As of 2017, The Idaho Wine Commission reports on about 1300 acres of grapes planted with expansions planned in each of the existing AVAs.[6]

Industry values[edit]

2013[edit]

in 2013, Idaho's Wine Industry had a $169.3 million impact, up from $73 million just 5 years before in 2008. [7]

Wineries and AVAs[edit]

Vineyard outside of Glenns Ferry on the Snake River

The majority of the state's wineries are located in the Snake River valley west of Boise.[2] Currently, there are 52 wineries in Idaho.

The Snake River Valley in Southwestern Idaho and two counties in Oregon was officially designated an American Viticultural Area (AVA) by the US Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). A petition was filed by the growers in the Snake River Valley, the Idaho Grape Growers and Wine Producers Commission, and the Idaho Department of Commerce and Labor. The petition was granted in 2007, and for wines to bear the Snake River Valley AVA label, at least 85% of the grapes used for production must be grown in the designated area. Vintners may now use the term to describe Idaho and Oregon wines made from grapes grown in that geographic area.[8]

The Eagle Foothills AVA gained its designation in November 2015. It is credited as a specialized grape-growing region because of the influence of nearby Prospect Peak at 4,874 feet in elevation and the granite pebbles mixed with volcanic ash/sandy loam as a result of Ancient Lake Idaho.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Appellation America (2007). "Idaho: Appellation Description". Retrieved November 16, 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e J. Robinson The Oxford Companion to Wine Third Edition pg 355 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
  3. ^ "Resources". Idaho Wine Commission. Retrieved May 4, 2018. 
  4. ^ Idaho Department of Agriculture (1999). Idaho Fruit Tree Census 1999 (PDF). Washington D.C.: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. pp. 1–2. 
  5. ^ Idaho Department of Agriculture (2007). Idaho Fruit Tree Census 2006 (PDF). Washington D.C.: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. p. 12. 
  6. ^ Dolsby, Moya (April 16, 2018). "2016 Harvest Press Release" (PDF). Idaho Wine Commission. 
  7. ^ "IWC 2013" (PDF). Idaho Wine Commission. 
  8. ^ "Establishment of the Snake River Valley Viticultural Area (2005R-463P)" (PDF). Federal Register. 72 (46): 10598–10603. March 9, 2007. Archived from the original (– Scholar search) on 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2007-07-04. 
  9. ^ Perdue, Degerman, Andy, Eric (December 11, 2015). "Eagle Foothills Gets Its Own AVA". Retrieved April 16, 2018. 

External links[edit]